Questions tagged [polarity]

Polarity is a conceptual entity. Pole means a direction. However, an object is called as "having polarity" or "having specific polarity" means a preference to a differential-behavior of something in forward and backward direction.

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88 views

Can I use this DPDT relay with this circuit? If so, which wires connect to what terminals?

I'm following this tutorial to wire an automatic chicken coop door. The DPDT relay they're using is different to my relay so I'm finding it difficult to understand which wires connect to where. I'm ...
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94 views

Phase or polarity for North America residential 240V

I understand that for North American residential, the three wires coming into the panel box are +120V,-120V, and Neutral. Is there such a thing as phase or polarity between these three wires? How is ...
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62 views

What happens if I change the polarity of the battery?

Suppose if i charge a capacitor. Now if I reverse the polarity of the battery, how much is the heat produce during that process? My book says as change in energy = 0 (in capacitor) therefore heat ...
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52 views

Switching between battery and external power sources with reverse polarity protection

In my design, I will use AA batteries to power the electronics board. As a requirement, also it should accept the power from external power supply (12V) - The board should automatically switch from ...
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1answer
41 views

How can line code polarity inversion happen?

One of the disadvantages of some line codes like NRZ-L or RZ is that if a sudden change in polarity occurs, then all received bits will be erroneous (flipped). How can such a sudden change in ...
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1answer
47 views

AC/DC Power adapter plug: difference between center positive/negative

Why are some power adapters center positive and others center negative (less common, at least around me)? Is there any compelling reason, something that asks for one or the other for different ...
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2answers
378 views

What is the polarity of this barrel plug with a double circle?

Related but doesn't answer my specific icon: How to tell polarity expected of a DC barrel jack? I have a dell laptop barral plug adapter, and I can't tell from the graphic whether the tip is positive ...
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1answer
49 views

How to rapidly switch polarity of two plates?

If I have two metal plates, with P1 connected to V+, and P2 connected to GND, how can I alternate the polarity of these two plates? I wish to have P1 connected to GND, and P2 connected to V+. Then ...
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138 views

Connect IR Emitter (+) to IR Receiver (+)?

I have a vehicle stereo deck that has an IR receiver input (+) and a steering wheel control module that has an IR emitter LED (+/-). The steering wheel control module, "translates" (using a mapping ...
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24 views

Reverse polarity protection LiFePo4

I'm doing a project with esp32 devkit v4 and I'll be supplying it with external power (LiFePo4 3.2V cell). I want to do a protection in case the battery gets connected inversely. I searched about it ...
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Why do we use polarized capacitors?

I want to know if the polarized capacitor has some advantage that they are used in some circuits? For example, in a schematic of the BISS001 PIR controller IC, in some places, a polarized capacitor ...
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1answer
186 views

Why is the electrolytic capacitor not polarity sensitive?

The issue I was making a project in which I had to use a 2.2uF electrolytic capacitor in series with a microphone and weirdly, the circuit works even if I toggle the polarity of the capacitor, that ...
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54 views

How do I add a bipolar stepper motor to this circuit? [closed]

I have just started electronics at school and cannot find any tutorials on how to do this. I am creating a circuit that when the light intensity increases a bipolar stepper motor will step clockwise ...
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1answer
58 views

Polarity. What do “C” & “P” signify?

G4 bi pin LED bulb. Silicone coated Hello all. Thanks for the forum. I have some of these: G4 bi pin LED bulbs. Silicone coated dimmable 12 volt DC. They are 1.5watt. Although not visible on this ...
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236 views

help understanding this reverse polarity protection circuit

Going through LT4363 evaluation kit DC2062A-B (schematic here), I came across a reverse protection circuitry that protects downstream components from reverse transients and reverse DC voltage: In ...
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291 views

Reverse voltage protection for Analog Devices’ family of protection controllers

After going through several datasheets for devices from "Analog Devices’ family of high voltage surge stoppers, overvoltage protection, overcurrent protection, and circuit breaker ICs", I found that ...
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2answers
86 views

Is this relay datasheet incorrect? (Omron G6SK-2)

I'm using Omron G6 series relays, both the non-latching (G6S-2) and and dual coil latching (G6SK-2) for a few PCB designs. What I didn't know was that some models of relays give their connection ...
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176 views

LEDs in computer case are non-polar?

Normally I think of LEDs being polar and having a definite current direction, the "D" in LED standing for "diode". However, in working with with a computer case recently, the front part of the case ...
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Question About Current Flow Direction [closed]

I've got a question that has been perplexing me for a while. (Correct me anytime) (Please do not give me any textbook definitions.) Starting with the name of the question itself, I believe current ...
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1answer
171 views

Is this capacitor polarized?

I recovered a few capacitors of this style from an old cassette player. As far as I can tell, it seems like Mylar film, but the “100⊖” marking has me wondering. Is this some peculiar shaped tantalum ...
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276 views

Identifying polarity of capacitor from PCB printing

I took out the old capacitor and didn't remember to check the polarity because I assumed the board would have more standard markings. Is there any way to figure it out with a meter or by the printing?
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1answer
124 views

Is it possible for a voltage multiplier to be used to provide both positive and negative voltage?

What I was wondering is it is possible to use a single voltage multiplier to provide a negative and positive voltage. Referring to this voltage doubler circuit, if you connect a capacitor to the top ...
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1answer
64 views

Why I don't get horizontally-polarized TVs in the satellite from time to time? [closed]

Something like once every 2 days I cannot watch horizontal SAT channels for about a half day. It says "no signal". During this "no signal" time I get very rarely watchable time. Like 1 minute in an ...
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159 views

Conflict of polarity?

With the following circuit, would the R2 resistor not change or affect the polarity in some negative way (no pun intended)? In the image below I added the red box as well as the red text in an effort ...
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1answer
245 views

Which one is the positive side?

I'm newbie, thus my simple question. In the schematic below, which side of the capacitors is the positive? Why? Or are they assuming that I have to use ceramic capacitors? Usually my schematics come ...
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6answers
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Why plug is polarized in the US? What are the benefits?

I could not get a good hold of it, I searched online quite a bit. This must have to do with safety but then non-polarized switches are used through out the world with no issues are risks, so my ...
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111 views

Undervoltage/capacitor problems with Raspberry Pi

My question is about the correct way to add a capacitor to a circuit with a Raspberry Pi driving a servo. I have seen undervoltage events in the logs of my app when the servo runs so I added a 470uF/...
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1answer
647 views

Mesh Current Polarity, Equation Setup

Practicing Mesh Analysis I came across this problem and te answer is really alluding me and I believe is just one polarity that I'm not understanding, the problem is the following... Vs​=10V, R1=...
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404 views

How to find Voltage based on reference nodes?

I came across this problem and I'm trying to really understand it. VB is the voltage drop across a particular element, it is the change in voltage from node a to node b. Find the value of VB in ...
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3answers
141 views

Transistor switch without polarity

I've successfully used an Arduino Uno to trigger Halloween props by closing the normally open circuit on an SRD-05VDC-SL-C relay. I am basically replacing a contact switch and tapping into each prop's ...
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2answers
97 views

Polarity question

In a -48 volt DC power plant system how do you determine the polarity of 0v? trying to resolve an issue and not sure how to correctly identify
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1answer
82 views

Proper Flyback Current Protection Circuit for Variable Voltage Solenoid Driver

I am using a darlington buffered op-amp to drive a solenoid motor at variable voltages (for variable speeds of actuation). Here is my circuit as it is now: I am wondering which of the two flyback ...
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3answers
853 views

Reversing USB power polarity, but no black wire

My goal is to create a USB-to-USB cable with reversed polarity in order to charge an old Gameboy Advanced SP. I could just go on Amazon and buy a charging cable, but I do enjoy a fun little project ...
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1answer
58 views

Motherboard's 4 pin DC input polarity

I have a motherboard, that requires a DC input. The manual has this: I'm trying to find a power brick, but all bricks I can find usually have +12V/-12V on pins or shell and no ground. Can I use them?...
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231 views

Electromagnet Polarity Reversal Doesn't Matter?

I am working on an engineering design project for school which uses the electromagnet linked below to "lock" a door. The problem is that the electromagnet remains energized or magnetized even after ...
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1answer
120 views

Can I use polarized capacitors in a location where they shouldn't be polarized? [duplicate]

I've been in the process of restoring a jukebox. Recently I figured out that the junction box, which holds quite a bit of resistors fuses and capacitors, has three large capacitors from the 60-ies... ...
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77 views

Transformer windings - Polarity - FEMM

I am designing a transformer in FEMM and I was wondering about the polarity of the windings. The following figures illustrate two cases. When I run the simulation, the magnetic field in the first one ...
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2answers
2k views

Why is this power cable sometimes polarized and sometimes not?

I have a handful of power cables like this: Some have polarized male plugs, while others are not polarized. Given that the female end appears to be reversible, why are some of them polarized? I ...
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4answers
81 views

Reverse Polarity Protection, External Circuit

I'm trying to figure the best way to protect the external circuit from a short if a user mistakenly connects the sensor in the wrong polarity. I use a green object in the diagram to represent the ...
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1answer
124 views

Why are the polarized caps backwards?

I'm having trouble with this circuit, It is showing capacitors to ground in two different ways. Would anyone be able to help? And could I used polarized instead of non polarized?
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1answer
221 views

What types of signals can a dynamic microphone generate?

And what design generates what type of signal property? For example there are dynamic mics with or without output transformers. Do they differ in the type of signal outputted? Do most dynamics ...
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1answer
167 views

Protecting against reverse polarity

I'm building a JTAG programmer for the old Motorola 56k devices and I want to add some circuit protection before having some boards built. I'm more of a firmware/digital guy, but here's what I came up ...
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1answer
35 views

How do I know the polarity of the resultant voltage of these two series-connected alternating voltage sources?

I was studying simple vector addition on All About Circuits, and the polarity assigned to the resultant voltage (see picture below) confused me. Link: https://www.allaboutcircuits.com/textbook/...
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4answers
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Can you damage logic gates by connecting two outputs together and powering one?

As the title says, would this cause problems in a circuit, and if so, how do you get around it (other than connecting them both through an OR gate)? Furthermore, could you stop this with a buffer? ...
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Why does this two terminal inductor have a polarity?

The Murata LQP03TN2N0C02D 2nH 0201 size inductor apparently has a polarity marking on the package: I don't see anything on the data sheet that suggests there's a difference installing it in a circuit ...
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0answers
70 views

How to connect a generator and LED device of different polarities?

I have a device that generates light impulses when connected to a LED device. The intensity of the light is regulated by a potentiometer, within the generator. There are 2 independent channels. The ...
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2answers
489 views

Slot assignment in JST SM connectors

I am using JST SM connectors for connecting two sets of wire. There are two slots in 2-pin connector. I wish to know, what is general convention for assigning the polarity to these slots? Is it slot 1-...
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1answer
363 views

Identifying the polarity of the aluminium electrolytic capacitor

I have the following device - polar electrolytic capacitor (it is/was having stripe on its sleeve): I know its capacitance and voltage rating - 2.2 uF / 400 V, but accidentally removed the remainders ...
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1answer
201 views

ESD and Electrolytics

Consider the simple circuit schematic below: 1) Would a high voltage (say 1kV-25kV) human body ESD discharge event (1ns rise time, 100ns total) at OUT have a negative effect (damage or destroy) the ...
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909 views

Polarity of capacitor on PCB

I've removed a capacitor, but like the n00b I am, have forgotten which way round it went. From this picture can you deduce the polarity? It was removed from the board in the circle with the two ...