Questions tagged [power-electronics]

Refers to the conversion of electric power by using solid state components such as semiconductors. Can also generally apply to the field of electrical engineering which works with power electronics.

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Boost converter load regulation

I am currently building a boost converter with PID control to control the output based on the discharge. The output will be fed into a DC/AC converter which, ideally, will power different loads. As of ...
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6answers
4k views

What kind of hardware implements Fourier transform?

I looked around online but I found nothing relevant. It is very difficult for an electronic device to decompose a signal in different frequencies. How this is done at the bare metal level? Any ...
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52 views

Cant recognise a Damaged component of switched-mode power supply

I was repairing an smps ATX power supply I found a damaged component that I could not it recognise. I thought it's a power switch since it was mounted to a heat sink along with tow D13007 NPN power ...
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58 views

Alternate uses for Gate Driver - Driving a Load without External IGBT or FET

What issues would one encounter by using a gate driver IC to directly drive a load instead of using it to drive transistors? For consideration would be the very affordable Infineon 2EDN752x series ...
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2answers
724 views

IGBT transistor with auxiliary emitter

Recently I discovered, that some IGBT transistors in IGBT modules have the second pin for an emitter, called auxiliary emitter. In the picture above 2nd and 4th pins are auxiliary emitters. This is ...
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1answer
144 views

DC-DC Buck Converter Issue

I made the below discrete two transistor buck converter. When NO load the output shows 5V nicely. Even a small 100mA load, the output voltage drops down. How to overcome the issue? Actually I need ...
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1answer
145 views

Synchronous vs asynchronous PWM modulation

According to Mohan/Power Electronics, asynchronous PWM modulation results in subharmonics that are very undesirable in most applications. We can use this type of modulation only if we choose a large ...
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1answer
22 views

How Simulink determines the amplitute of the carrier in PWM generator

In Matlab/Simulink, we can use the PWM generator block in order to create pulses. So, according to this method, the carrier is compared to the reference signal in order to create the pulses. In ...
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2answers
75 views

Automotive alternator

I have been working on a project where so called Lundell alternator plays a crucial role. I haven't got any experience with this device sofar so I have decided to study some literature regarding this ...
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4answers
341 views

Could someone explain dither signal?

I know that regarding proportional valves the dither signal is a signal superimposed on PWM command that actually moves the valve. It improves the response of the valve because the coefficient of ...
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1answer
349 views

Buck converter MOSFET getting hot

I am building a solar charge controller. I have based the design on pwm5 by Julian illet (circuit diagram attached). I am trying to convert this PWM charge controller in to a mppt one. The buck ...
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3answers
105 views

Inductance value of an Isolation Transformer

There is a small isolation transformer 'L1' of 1:1 ratio as shown in the image. A 0-24V, 75kHz square wave is applied from push-pull mosfets stage at the 'V_SW' input of the circuit. I want to find ...
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1answer
59 views

TO-247 High Voltage pin clearance

I am using IXYH16N170CV1 IGBT's mounted at the edge of a PCB. The legs will be long and bent back to reach the heatsink shown in the image. This device is rated for 1700 V and 16 A. My nominal ...
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37 views

What is the 'right' way for a 3-Phase Watt Meter to determine import-export Watt-hours?

What is the correct way for a 3 Phase Watt-Hour meter to measure total import/export watt-hours? I ask because I have seen this done in 2 different ways both in 'approved' meters: Assume that: Red ...
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0answers
47 views

Does potentiometer accuracy change with degree of movement?

I want to use a conductive plastic potentiometer for my actuator application where movement is +/- 40 degrees. As in datasheet, the potentiometer linearity is given as +/-0.2 % which I think is for ...
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1answer
81 views

220v to 5v AC to DC Rectifier IC [closed]

I am working on a small project where I need to convert 220v AC to 5v DC with at least 100mA current. I am currently using Hi-Link's converter to achieve the goal and it's working great. I am looking ...
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1answer
374 views

Feedback in LM2574

I wonder what is the purpose of 'R66' at the feedback terminal of LM2574? I have seen its datasheet but I cannot find info about this. Instead of a single resistor there is a voltage divider shown in ...
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2answers
130 views

High voltage drop when load is connected [closed]

I'm getting 6 volts open circuit voltage. Whenever I connect a load (resistors), there is a huge drop in voltage values. Does it signify power input is less or is there any other reason for the same? ...
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0answers
58 views

Circuit for Neutral point of 3-Phase mains

I wonder if the 'Neutral Point' as mentioned in the attached image is correctly labeled or not? Is there any mistake in this 3-phase circuit design? Edit 1: Also it looks like the 'Neutral point' is ...
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0answers
153 views

Light dimmer circuit using triac gives fluctuating dimming

Light dimming using triac and optocoupler is very common and basic circuit, I have successfully tested the dimming for 1 channel (1 triac, 1 opto-coupler) now I want to add one more light dimmer with ...
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1answer
192 views

I want to command a 12V DC motor with the output of a clock alarm

I want to command a 12 V DC motor with the output of a clock alarm. The output of the clock alarm is a 1V (pp) square signal of 100 Hz. I just want my motor supplied when alarm is on and then stop ...
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1answer
138 views

Capstone PCB for a Single phase power energy meter

I am an EE major in the process of working on my capstone project of developing a PCB of a Single phase power energy meter and I need help scrutinizing it. I Intend to interface this circuit with my ...
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1answer
148 views

Boost converter control in DCM

I am trying to find a reference where a boost converter is controlled in discontinuous conduction mode (DCM) with constant duty cycle and by changing the frequency of operation. More specifically, I ...
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1answer
109 views

How to chose between 9V or 12V (or others) DC power supply [closed]

I see a lot of devices working either with a 9V DC input or a 12V DC input, usually provided through a DC jack connector. I was wondering about advantages and/or inconvenients of both voltages. ...
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1answer
76 views

Transformer fuse for primary coil. 240V with 16VA

So I know it may be a basic question but hear me out. These are the specs for the transformer I would like to buy. To add a fuse to the primary coil I would do 16VA/240V which gives 0.06A. Does that ...
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2answers
92 views

LED Matrix Leakage LEDs

I'm doing a LED matrix design and it's a cathode row design. Attached is a picture of my matrix design. The design works ok and I can show any pattern in the matrix. The problem is when a leak LED ...
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0answers
22 views

Which power converter topology has higher benefit of EMI/EMC?

Which power converter topology can be best suited for EMC compliance for small power converter to be used in LED lighting products. In my context I'm using a 5W non-isolated AC-DC converter which is ...
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1answer
78 views

[Last Update]Simulating an RLC circuit with the 1N3880 in ngpice did not show any results or graph

Im trying to do a transient response analysis with ngspice/gnucap and gspice UI of the next RLC circuit (corrected the source polarity), to find the damping effect in the system. That with the next ...
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1answer
62 views

Creating Neutral node on Three phase Inverter

I want to create a neutral node at the output of a 3-phase Inverter for ACIM. Is it possible to do that by adding 3 resistors at the Inverter outputs and join them together to get the neutral node? ...
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1answer
150 views

Processor speed for generating PWM at 1 MHz

I want to generate square pulses at around 1 MHz to drive an H-bridge inverter. Now, I want to choose a suitable microcontroller, microprocessor, or a DSP board. I need to generate a few pulses (...
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1answer
66 views

Assemble Peltier Cooler to Li-poly Rc Battery

I have procured a thermoelectric cooler (TEC, this one) and my purpose of the TEC is to produce current for the Li-poly RC battery to increase its battery life. The Li-poly RC battery has 7.4V stated ...
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1answer
68 views

Two level Inverter [closed]

What thing determines a 2-level and 3-level Inverter as in the diagram? edit: Level is as in 'voltage level'. I have found following good link that explains it. http://www.elkraft.ntnu.no/~richardl/...
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36 views

SVPWM Primer for ACIM

As I am trying to implement a speed control for ACIM using SVPWM. I could not find out a focused primer on what exactly is a SVPWM technique and how is it implemented in an MCU like STM32F4? All the ...
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1answer
24 views

Peak Period Forecasting in electric grid

I am currently working on the day ahead load forecasting using a regression model over a microgrid level. I wanted to know is there a way I can detect peak period i.e period where demand is high from ...
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0answers
81 views

FOC Control vs SVPWM

I wonder how far the similarities go between FOC control and SVPWM modulation and from which point on wards they are different from each other? edit: Can anyone point out a very basic primer from ...
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1answer
62 views

Heating issues with solar charging circuit

I am using the above circuit to charge a 7.4V Li-ion Battery.With input MPPT voltage set at 12V, I have applied 13V input voltage to the circuit. The battery is charging at 1.4A. (according to the ...
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1answer
41 views

Static VAr Compensation

I have to design a 3 phase Reactive Power Compensation System with using only reactors, no capacitor is needed. Total capacity is 505kVAr, but 475kVAr will be done with contactors, rest (30kVAr) will ...
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1answer
45 views

Replace potentiometer for Kemo M012 Power Control

The potentiometer of my (Kemo M012 Power Control) is mechanically broken and I would like to replace it. However, I am unsure whether the replacement needs to meet any specific characteristics or if ...
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0answers
138 views

1. order system Gain

I have been assigned a task and I am having trouble finding the gain K. Here is the task: To the time t = 0, there is put a step at 3. Find the gain. Find the time constant. Find the time delay. ...
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29 views

Temperature-dependent leakage current in IGBTs

On one hand, the leakage current of power electronics modules such as IGBTs depends on the temperature. On the other hand, the temperature distribution on the IGBT chips is significantly non-uniform ...
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4answers
231 views

Phasor vs Vector vs Space Vector

I wonder what is the difference between a Phasor, a Vector and a Space Vector? A phasor is also a rotating vector in space then it means that a space vector is same as a phasor? Also by definition a ...
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1answer
165 views

SPWM vs SVPWM implementation [duplicate]

I am learning various control techniques for 3-Phase ACIMs. So far I have understood about the SPWM implementation.. in which we save Sin values in a LUT and then modulate the duty-cycle of PWM wave ...
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1answer
79 views

Two PWM signals from TL494

I need to generate two open-loop PWM signals with different duty cycles for my converter. The frequency is 20kHz. I did generate one signal. Should I use another TL494 and connect it to the same ...
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2answers
488 views

SPWM vs 6-step PWM vs SVMPWM

While learning 3-Phase scalar control of ACIM using STM32F407 MCU I could not clearly understand the diffrence between the following terms: 1. SPWM 2. 6-step PWM 3. SVMPWM How do they differ from ...
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1answer
40 views

Load Profile plot from Smart meter data

In electrical engineering, a load profile is a graph of the variation in the electrical load versus time. I am currently working on Smart meter data having reading an interval of 30 min i.e power ...
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1answer
54 views

Sending bits on a coaxial cable

When you are sending bits or voltage's through a coaxial cable from 1 PC to another PC, does current flow from PC1 to PC2 through the cable? If so, mustn't there be a complete circuit?
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1answer
37 views

Distribution-side voltage regulation and Low voltage ride through (LVTR) curve

Nowadays, I see that photovoltaic systems have Low-voltage-ride-through capabilities. So in case of a fault, when the voltage is decreased, they remain connected to the grid and provide reactive power ...
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3answers
1k views

How to convert 5v to 1.5v?

I am a newbie. I have a power bank which gives 5 v output from a USB. Now I need to step down the 5v into 1.5v to run a small motor. I have searched a lot to find any readymade IC... But unable to ...
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0answers
94 views

Allowable ripple current οf battery charger

The ripple of the charging current is pretty important for the aging of an electric battery. So, the current ripple should be as less as possible. In order to reduce the current ripple, we have to use ...
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1answer
49 views

Sources and References for Motor Selection [closed]

So, I was wondering if there is a book/textbook which discusses the issue of selecting the proper motor for a job. The type of it (induction, synchronous, DC, etc.) and mainly the nominal power of it. ...