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Questions tagged [power-engineering]

Power electrical engineering. Includes industrial electrical engineering (i.e. motors, switchboards), transmission and distribution (poles, wires, transformers, grids) and generation.

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How to model P, V variations in PV buses in a load flow problem?

I'm trying to use the DC power flow results as a base, and modify it to approximate AC power flow results more accurately. So far, I have been able to do that in a few simple test cases from Matpower, ...
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1answer
243 views

dq0 Transformation Interpretation

What is the physical interpretation of dq0 axis transformation in electrical machines and power systems? How does this transformation helps? Thanks
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1answer
33 views

Low voltage grid frequency with renewable feed-in

If a low voltage grid's consumption equals to that grids renewable energy production, does it mean the transformator basically does nothing, like an open circuit? Are grid-tied inverters (smart) ...
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1answer
49 views

signal propagates in bending transmission line (unequal length between signal path and return path)

Suppose I have a square wave signal generated from a signal generator and its outputs are connected to the two terminals of a paired PCB traces (left side of the picture below). The other end of the ...
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2answers
87 views

What causes power losses in transmission lines?

From my understanding there are two causes for power losses in transmission lines: Losses due to resistance: \$ R = \frac{\rho l}{A} \$, where \$\rho\$ is the resistivity, \$A=\pi r^2\$ and \$ l \$ ...
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1answer
73 views

What will be Resistance for maximum Power transfer from network A to network B?

simulate this circuit – Schematic created using CircuitLab Can we apply Maximum Power transfer theorem if we are given two networks both with voltage sources. In solution it was said that for ...
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1answer
217 views

The critical clearing time (CCT) of a fault in DIgSILENT

How can I determine the critical clearing time (CCT) of a fault in DIgSILENT? How can I use DPL to determine the critical clearing time (CCT) of a fault in DIgSILENT?
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1answer
72 views

Does using HVDC for distance transmission make theft of electricity easier to detect?

In particular, if you were going to try to steal power from HDVC transmission lines you'd need one cable attached to current going in 1 direction and the other attached to current flowing in the ...
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1answer
114 views

can someone help with this question with capacitors

Please I need help solving this one, the book is Thomas Floyd 3rd edition Electric circuit fundamentals. The final answer is supposed to be \$ \text{0.0052 } \mu F\$ The ac source frequency \$f=...
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2answers
62 views

Harmonics in power system [closed]

I have seen in some text books that power converters produce harmonics in power systems. How do power converters inject harmonics in a power system?
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8answers
9k views

Why do utility companies supply at a frequency of either 50/60 Hz?

It just struck me that Utility Companies world-wide supply domestic users at either 50/60Hz. It could have been selected to be 10 Hz, or 100 Hz ... whatever Was 50/60 chosen at random? Is there some ...
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1answer
227 views

How to predict the output of a solar panel depending upon weather conditions for real time hardware simulation?

I want to build a system for smart grid which can optimize the grid power, load and battery charging to reduce my costs for grid power. For the optimization problem, I must know the current date to ...
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3answers
131 views

Off grid LED solar lighting without batteries

I have 2 COB LEDs (12-14V DC, 50W, I think with 3,75 A in data sheet). I need to run them with a solar panel, it should only run when there is sunlight no batteries needed. Using a 270W panel (open ...
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1answer
94 views

Instantaneous power

A sinusoidal voltage source v =10V sin(ωt) is connected across a 1k resistor. Make a sketch of p(t), the instantaneous power supplied by the source. Determine the average power supplied by the ...
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4answers
15k views

How big current I can commutate using D-sub connectors?

The question Did someone knows what are the current capabilities of the standard D-sub (aka Cannon) connector. I want to use it for power source connection together with the signal. I need pretty ...
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0answers
23 views

What does 'Rectifier Loading Effect and Loading Factor' mean

I came across the terms 'Rectifier Loading Effect' and 'Rectifier Loading Factor' when reading IEEE Std 421.5-2005 Recommended Model for Power Stability Studies, mentioned in those ACxA models. What ...
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0answers
29 views

How to have Wye-connected Potential Transformers(PTs) and Neutral Ground Resistor short circuit detection at my ground fault protection relay?

Detecting if the Neutral Ground Resistor (NGR) is shorted is something that must be checked at the Ground Fault Protecting Relay. The typical way to do this is to inject a DC component and to measure ...
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8answers
12k views

Can a bird, previously at earth potential, get electrocuted by landing on a powerline at high-enough voltage due to the initial “equalization charge”?

At the voltage levels of typical overhead transmission lines in the US, a bird can land on one and be just fine (as long as it doesn't do something like spread its wings and touch a tree or something ...
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2answers
78 views

What is the direction of negative reactive power

In a R+1/(jwC) load (AC)voltage lags current with θ degrees. Reactive power Q is negative because sin(θ) is negative. My question is how can a capacitive load deliver power to the source wich is ...
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2answers
4k views

When a wind turbine does not produce enough electricity how does the power company compensate for the loss?

I heard once that when a wind turbine power plant doesn't produce enough electricity the power company's are sometimes forced to turn on a couple of jet engines in order to compensate for the loss, is ...
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2answers
290 views

How is Line and Phase Voltage the same for a Delta connected system?

I am having a little bit of confusion for some reason understanding how the phase and line voltage can be the same for a delta connected system, i understand why the current is different for the phase ...
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1answer
56 views

What determines the phase difference between two voltages at an AC bus?

At an AC bus, the power flow is given by the following equation : In normal operation, the voltages (V1, V2), as well as the inductive resistance (x), are constants. So the parameter δ defines the ...
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1answer
97 views

Shorten the mini Christmas light strand

I need to shorten a 100 light strand of mini lights to just 18 lights. Based on the wiring, I believe the strand is engineered as two 50 light strands in parallel. The strand is rated for 120 V and ...
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0answers
101 views

Trapezoidal Rule of Complex RLC Circuit using MATLAB

I am having difficulty trying to figure out how to solve this circuit using the trapezoidal rule. I know how to do so in a first and second order RLC circuit however this particular circuit is giving ...
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1answer
274 views

Why is parking not allowed under some overhead power lines? [closed]

At work, among others, we have overhead power lines for the main grid connection (400 kV, about 1600 MW). The power lines cross a parking lot, and the positions directly under the power lines are ...
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3answers
91 views

Convert kW generated per minute to kWh

I have the data of power generated by a solar panel per minute in kW. I need to calculate the total number of kWh generated per day. How do I do this? So far, I divided each value of kW by 60 and ...
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2answers
49 views

Frequency of AC for electronic devices

I was wondering why using different AC frequency makes some devises not working. I found that I do not need to adjust frequency for using electric heat or electromagnetic wave such as ・rice cooker ・...
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1answer
45 views

How much power can transit through a power line linking generation and load?

First things first I am not an electrical engineer at all so please bear that in mind when you reply/comment. I am looking at the following problem, I have a power line which connects a windfarm to a ...
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3answers
389 views

Power System Faults Problem

A sustained three-phase fault occurs in the power system shown in the figure (See Link). The current and voltage phasors during the fault (on a common reference), after the natural transients have ...
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4answers
2k views

How to power grid suppliers control the voltage and frequency?

Can anyone give me some pointers on the ways used by electricity suppliers to control voltage levels and frequency in power networks?
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1answer
703 views

Can we use 125VAC 20A switch in place of 12VDC 20A switch?

Can we use 125VAC 20A switch in place of 12VDC 20A switch? I have searched my local market and found 125VAC 20A switch. Can i use this AC switch in place of 12V 20A switch as it is not available in ...
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1answer
63 views

Assemble Peltier Cooler to Li-poly Rc Battery

I have procured a thermoelectric cooler (TEC, this one) and my purpose of the TEC is to produce current for the Li-poly RC battery to increase its battery life. The Li-poly RC battery has 7.4V stated ...
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0answers
29 views

Startup and auxiliary/station transformer power parallel to bus

This question is in regard to switchyard/electrical distribution operations in a utility power plant. During a startup, the electric distribution system is lined up so that the startup transformers ...
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2answers
90 views

What are the practical differences between AC and DC transmission?

I have a long (2m) but thick wire between transformer-based power supply and low frequency power amplifier. Know your best advice ahead, but no, I cant get rid of it. I can put it in two ...
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1answer
36 views

What is the effect of very small AC frequency deviations from the grid on invertors and transformers for normal comsumer objects?

What additional wear or inefficiencies are there from inverting a AC signal to DC from say, 59.99 hertz instead of 60.00 hertz? And is there additional wear on transformers? How do small deviations ...
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5answers
37k views

Guessing power line voltage from the number of disc insulator

Is there a good way to guess the power line voltage based on the number of insulator discs that attach the line to the transmission tower? Wikipedia seems to suggest that there is a "Typical number ...
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1answer
47 views

Capacitance of short length transmission lines

I would like to simulate a short length transmission line in MATLAB/Simulink. In the library, there is a block that simulates a transmission line. The parameters that are required are the resistance R,...
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1answer
72 views

How do you close a switch on a high-voltage network?

This is something I've been curious about for a long time. Let's say you're a utility trying to connect two segments of a distribution grid. Both segments will have about the same frequency, because ...
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2answers
291 views

Why maximum power transfer condition is suitable for communication system but not for transmission of electricity?

A fundamental concept that i have learned from basic electrical circuit study is to receive maximum power by a load of resistance RL from a source the necessary ...
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1answer
206 views

DC-DC step down 12V to 5V source versus straight 5V source

Here is the scenario: I have a project needing 3 supply powers: 3.3V to run the microcontroller (max 100mA) 5V to run a bunch of adressable LEDs (max 8A, the most current intensive) 12V to supply op ...
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1answer
115 views

How fast do power plants need to respond to demand?

I've heard the layman's description of electrical grid response time before - it usually contains the word "instant" or "real-time". But I'm interested in the actual response times of the various ...
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3answers
98 views

Chimp climbing wires not electrocuted? [closed]

Reference video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U5-Fy4ULdPg The chimp is climbing both wires out of phase (i would have to assume, it is in Japan), do the power lines have to be closed for the chimp ...
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1answer
313 views

How many horsepower does an alternator take from an engine at different speeds? [closed]

I want to know how much horsepower the engine deliver to the alternator at idle rpm,normal rpm and maximum rpm
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1answer
74 views

How much power do power stations in parallel supply?

In modern power systems, the power is supplied by effectively connecting multiple generators in parallel. However, not all these generators are equal, some stations supply more power than others (I ...
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3answers
2k views

Understanding ground current

I am trying to understand ground current in a power distribution system. The basics, of course, are simple: in the power grid, the "hot" wires carry high voltage, while the return path (the neutral ...
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2answers
9k views

When can I use the formula P=V^2/R?

I'm currently learning about the transportation of electrical energy through power lines. I now know that transporting current at a very high voltage cause minimal power loss compared to transporting ...
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1answer
121 views

How to plot input reflection coefficient in dB scale using Matlab

So I have a problem that asks to plot the input reflection coefficient of a transformer in dB scale between 0.5 GHz and 4 GHz using Matlab. Here is the code I have thus far, it is plotting in ...
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1answer
103 views

How is power out one side of 220 only - Problem is with incoming 3-phase. But how?

[EDIT] Can someone who understands what I wrote explain this? [EDIT 2] Sorry I didn't say I'm in the USA, the power is 110/220vac 60Hz. The input to the main power transformer is 3-phase, underground,...
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1answer
96 views

What is the typical voltage of power distribution in rural North America?

I mean the electrical utility power that connects to the transformer outside of the home or other buildings. i.e. what is the primary winding voltage of the transformer having 220 VAC center-tap ...
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0answers
108 views

Use of 3 phase transformers which are ∆-Y connected and Y-∆ connected

Different literatures say different things regarding ∆-Y and Y-∆ 3 phase transformer connection... Some say that ∆-Y is used for step down and Y-∆ is used for step up while others say just the ...