Questions tagged [power-factor-correction]

A circuit that compensates the reactive characteristics of a load to make behave as close as possible to a resistive load in order to maximize the power consumption efficiency.

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2answers
399 views

Pc power supply Ac in rush current overloading inverter

I have a PC consuming 400 watts hooked up to a 220 VAC automatic backup 1500VA 12V dc inverter since AC grid line is not 24/7 in my country. The main problem is that sometimes when the AC power goes ...
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1answer
140 views

Grid tie inverter power factor

After installing a grid tie inverter (GTI,) the power factor dropped from 1 to .85 over the last week. My loads are a combination of inductive and resistive. I have an option of setting my GTI to ...
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0answers
28 views

How does at low power factor impedance (p.f=R/Z) (if R is constant ) increases while current also increases?

Impedance is equivalent resistance of circuit having resistive and reactive components so if we keep R constant and increase inductance than Z will increase and power factor will going to decrease as ...
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52 views

Power Factor Correction: Facing a trouble while converting AC to DC

I am Designing AC to DC power supply. For Power Factor Correction I am using LT1248 from Linear technology, It works in Boost CCM operation, and the schematic is designed for 400VDC output using ...
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1answer
34 views

DC Chopper Drive for Brushed DC Separately Excited Motor

I have a 6 pulse SCR drive, driving a large (1000KW, 750VDC) DC Separately excited DC Motor. In a typical SCR drive, the power factor improves with speed, and if the drive is to be run at 50% speed ...
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1answer
55 views

How does a negative power factor look when it is graphed?

How does a negative power factor look when it is graphed? How will this impact apparent power versus true power versus reactive power? And how do we interpret this as per power dissipated versus power ...
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1answer
178 views

Control of interleaved boost converter

In a school project we will try to implement a control system for a boost power factor correction (PFC) converter. The converter circuit can be seen below (http://www.ti.com/lit/an/slyt517/slyt517.pdf)...
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3answers
224 views

Why aren't non-isolated DC-DC converters made for high wattage applications?

I am new to electronics. I am presently studying DC to DC converters. One thing I noticed is that most of the people are using isolated stepdown converters like half bridge, full bridge, or resonant ...
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1answer
56 views

Adding an additional motor to a load

You have a 500kVA load with a power factor of 0.6 lag. You add an additional synchronous motor with an input of 80kW and max power factor of 0.8 leading. Determine the reactive power and the overall ...
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1answer
49 views

Can we apply maximum power transfer theorem to SMPS rectifiers?

Thevinin and Norton equation simplifies BJT and MOSFET analysis leading to the hybrid pi models. Can we apply the same concept while analysing an AC-DC Converter with PFC and PSFB full bridge topology?...
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3answers
85 views

What is a power factor correction choke (PFC choke) and how does it work?

They Exist This Link at Newark displays "Power Factor Correction Chokes", which I did not know existed. I have a linear motor which I suspect really needs power factor correction. Please tell me ...
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3answers
110 views

Free Piston Stirling Engine Tuning Capacitor - Series Vs Parallel

Why is a tuning capacitor placed in series with a free piston stirling alternator rather than parallel with it? I am accustomed to seeing power factor correction capacitors placed in parallel in ...
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1answer
321 views

Generator shutdown on leading power factor

I am having some issues in one of my projects. We have installed a generator in a building, where power factor is leading and -kvrs are shown on controller display. We know that this building is ...
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34 views

How to estimate the power consumption of a motor when running at low load

I am trying to calculate the electrical power cost-saving of reducing the amount of time a machine runs idle (when the motor is running unloaded). From the meter data, the amps when idling is about ...
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3answers
1k views

Power factor relation with load

I was reading about power factor in electronic devices and I found charts showing that usually the power factor varies (usually decreases) with the load. So if you have a device that either works with ...
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2answers
113 views

What is the reason of undesired peak current in PFC non-isolated boost converter?

I have attached inductor current waveform of PFC boost converter. After the particular current level, an undesired peak is coming. I have done some study and thinking it might be because of inductor ...
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0answers
37 views

Readings for a current transformer reversed

What would happen to the measured values of a circuit (real power, apparent power, power factor, current) if I install a current transformer "backwards"? Usually a current transformer has some ...
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1answer
1k views

Power factor improvment c/k ratio

All power factor improvment controller has a setting c/k ratio. Their manual says it is the lowest step of capacitor bank. It controls switching threshold. But how what is its significance?
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1answer
453 views

Power Factor Correction Circuit (LED lighting)

I've been researching how to design power factor correction into an agricultural LED lighting system. My client requires at least a 0.95 power factor. I'm planning to use PWM controlled buck ...
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0answers
36 views

How can we make a load that has configurable power factor for 230V AC?

We are hoping to create a lab for students at our university that requires them to measure the power factor and correct for it. We are working with 230V AC and have a maximum power of 300W. We were ...
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1answer
49 views

Experiment with transformer: meaning of some physical quantities

I'm doing some experiments with a transformer, measuring some physical quantities. First I did an experiment with the transformer in open-circuit. I determined the voltages and currents on both ...
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1answer
98 views

Why would Discontinuous Conduction Mode be desirable for an LED driver?

I saw this press release where DCM was listed as a feature for a new Infineon driver chip. Source: led-professional.com I'm involved in LED driver design for Horticulture where DCM is undesirable....
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0answers
184 views

Large negative current spike in N-Channel MOSFET source when turn-off

I am working on repairing a power supply board of a LCD TV (200W power), more specifically, the PFC section (active power factor correction). See schematic (adapted from here): I've replaced some ...
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1answer
98 views

Boost Inductor Voltage calculations

This is probably a stupid question, but please bear with me. I'm making a boost inductor for PFC and I just wanted to make sure I'm calculating for the voltage correctly. Is the equation: \$N = \...
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1answer
41 views

Static VAr Compensation

I have to design a 3 phase Reactive Power Compensation System with using only reactors, no capacitor is needed. Total capacity is 505kVAr, but 475kVAr will be done with contactors, rest (30kVAr) will ...
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2answers
3k views

Capacitor Bank Rating

I need to know why capacitor banks are rated in KVAr rather than Farads? Suppose I have one capacitor bank of 10kVAr which is for a rated voltage of 400V. Will this bank provide the same reactive ...
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1answer
54 views

Is Power Factor only relevant at rated load in Light Equipment?

As you might know, LED lamps over 25W require a minimum 0.9 power factor in Europe. I have designed a PSU for a specific LED lamp which is rated about 50W. There is a PFC-stage (crm) in order to ...
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1answer
318 views

Why does line current equals the total apparent power divided by 3 times the phase voltage?

In this circuit with frequency of 50hz and line to line voltage of 400 V why is the current \$ I_A = S_t/3V_P\$ I don't understand the logic behind since there is one Delta connection, I understand ...
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3answers
64 views

Power determination for resistive load

I am a mechanical engineering student and i need to measure electrical output. I have some voltage and current measuring instruments. I used them to measure the voltage & current of a blower(...
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2answers
43 views

on a network analyzer's measurement what's the meaning of a negative PF?

on a 1 MVA transfomer, process in the place is plastics injection machinery. On the plotted data from an analyzer results in PF jumping from 0.998 to -0.997 (roughly) for all the measurement period ...
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5answers
256 views

Would an AC induction motor rotate if the power factor were unity?

I know about active and reactive power as a big picture. Active power is what really does the job and the reactive power circulates back and forth in and out of the system. I also know the math behind ...
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3answers
137 views

Why does low power factor make my LED bulb and clock radio flicker at 0.2 to 3 Hz?

[California, USA, regular 110 V power.] I'm reading the power factor of my "Late 2013" 27-inch iMac using a P3 P4400 Kill-A-Watt. It reads 0.95 when operating normally (60 to 120 W), but when ...
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1answer
199 views

Harmonic resonance calculation in power-factor correction

Eaton's Power factor correction: a guide for the plant engineer states, Capacitors and transformers can create dangerous resonance conditions when capacitor banks are installed at the service ...
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4answers
2k views

How do you calculate the power factor of a power supply?

Is it possible to measure or calculate the power factor of a power supply without using expensive tools? If so how?
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2answers
78 views

Filter harmonics in AC power line [closed]

I run a Toshiba Digital copier machine in my shop and the machine started showing error codes related to power issues a few days ago. This happens randomly during daytime. There were no problems at ...
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13 views

What range of power factors is used to test electricity meters under ANSI C12.20?

ANSI C12.20 is the standard used in the U.S. for electricity meters. In the contents and scope (pdf) I see that test number four involves varying the power factor of the test load and observing the ...
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1answer
2k views

Effect of load on power factor in induction motor

I got stuck in an MCQ question. Which is as following : Q.1) power factor of a squirrel cage induction motor is : (a) Low at heavy load only (b) Low at light and heavy loads (c) Low ...
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2answers
73 views

Nonzero current at voltage zero-crossing when consuming reactive power

In a circuit that consumes some reactive power, the current waveform indicates current flow even when the supply voltage is at the zero crossing. This seems paradoxical since there cannot be current ...
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1answer
53 views

Multi phase vs single phase power factors

Are there any differences between calculating single phase and multi phase power factors? I'm open to general answers, but more specifically: If PF1=P/S, does PF3=(Pa+Pb+Pc)/(Sa+Sb+Sc)? Does ...
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689 views

Power factor and Harmonics associated with Electric Vehicle charging

What is the power factor associated with (typical) DC fast chargers and onboard chargers in electrical vehicles? Also, how much is the harmonic content (especially triple-N harmonics) associated with ...
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1answer
44 views

How do I solve for Capacitance in this circuit?

I know that the equivalent resistance of this circuit will be $$R_1-j/(\omega*C_x)+L_1+(R_2-C_1)||L_2$$ $$(3+.814j)-j/(4737*C_x)+[(4j)(30-8j)]/(30-4j)$$ I don't know what to do from here; I could ...
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1answer
2k views

PFC using arduino

I'm trying to make a power factor correction system using arduino. In the first i successes to calculate the PF using arduino and XOR gate Following picture is my circuit: simulate this circuit &...
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1answer
1k views

Power Factor Correction on Generators

If a generator is loaded with appliances that have a power factor lower than .8 is it safe to use power factor correction capacitors to improve this number?
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2answers
74 views

How to think about Power Factor when adding new devices to a generator

I've been tasked with checking to see if an existing backup generator will be powerful enough to handle a new building in addition to the buildings it is currently handling. First, here is the ...
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1answer
71 views

Does using electronics with poor power factor affect the pulse power capability of a generator rated for a certain KVA?

The situation is such: There is a multi-pole, three-phase, permanent magnet generator (rated for 100 KVA, let's say) that feeds into a simple diode rectifier with a capacitive/DC Voltage load (...
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2answers
311 views

Can over-excited synchronus motor operate on lagging power factor?

All of the Electric Machines literature I'm using states that over-excited (back emf E> supply voltage V) synchronus motor will operate on leading power factor (one of them states that it may also ...
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1answer
535 views

ATX - replace passive PFC to active

I have some ATX PSU with passive PFC (huge coil with capacitor). I also have some active PFC from other ATX that based on L6561 IC. This psu will handle odroid xu4 board and few led strips based on ...
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0answers
234 views

Which power factor is better in an industry -0.21 or -0.94 and why?

In the electrical panels , when i switched on-off the capacitor bank then power factor gets shifted from 0.89(lagging/during OFF condition) to -0.87(leading/during ON condition) , similarly on ...
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4answers
4k views

Power factor correction for LED lighting on a generator

I'm the electrician for a club that builds an illuminated carnival parade float, and historically we've lit our float using around 10,000 x 40w incandesant lamps powered by a 800kVA 3 phase generator. ...
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1answer
105 views

supply power factor of a residential transformer

A transformer winding is generally more inductive than resistive thus there is a considerable phase difference between voltage and current, so wouldn't the supply power factor be very very poor in ...