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Questions tagged [saturation]

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What part of Ebers-Moll equation shows the decrease of the collector current in saturation region

By looking at the Ebers-Moll equation for a BJT transistor: Is this formula explicitly showing why Ic starting to decrease towards zero in saturation region. Which part of the equation shows that?
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0answers
82 views

Can an inductor lose its characteristics permanently after short saturation?

I was testing a SMPS (boost) where I had an overcurrent due to overload for a few seconds. The inductor saturation current is 2A. Although I could not measure the current, I am quite sure that the ...
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0answers
235 views

one-sided saturation with op-amp and RC high pass filter

I am working with a photodetecting circuit built as follow: When I drive an LED ON and OFF, I get the following waveforms: Blue indicates that the LED is turned on when a voltage is high and turned ...
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0answers
531 views

Passive harmonic filter: Why Immensely Hot and Humming

I encountered a passive harmonic filter, PHF with highly non linear loads, i.e. variable frequency drive, VFD (most of the time running 50Hz) serving an induction motor. I believe that it is a ...
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0answers
423 views

Op-amp: Floating input (Multisim)

I found this circuit from Encyclopedia of Electronic Circuits Volumes 1 by RUDOLF F. GRAF I used Multisim to simulate. When switches S1 and S2 are open (U1A@3 and U1B@6 are floating) and I measured ...
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0answers
859 views

Unexpected saturation with the rail to rail instrumental amplifier AD623

I'm trying to use the rail-to-rail instrumental amplifier AD623. Here the datasheet. simulate this circuit – Schematic created using CircuitLab First experiment: AD623 set as a voltage ...
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0answers
43 views

op amp saturation

I have this circuit which is acting with negative resistance. However when increasing the voltage well above saturation it produces a weird distortion on the output as seen below. can anyone explain.
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4answers
240 views

What are these transistors doing and how are they working in this VU Meter?

I was thinking of making KITT's voice box from Knight Rider, which is essentially a VU meter. I did some researching and found an appropriate IC, LM3916, http://www.mouser.com/ds/2/405/lm3915-443929....
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30 views

Understanding PMOS's and NMOS's

The problem says solve assuming VI = 0, +2.5V, and -2.5V. I know that if VI = -2.5V the MOSFET's are in cutoff and that VDS = 0. and IDP and IDN will = 0, but would V0 also = 0? If VI = 0 the ...
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1answer
67 views

Instrumentation Amplifier Saturation to Rails

I am working with a TI INA821 Instrumentation Amplifier to try to amplifier a 0-5mV (delta) analog signal off a strain gauge. To reiterate, every DC analog value between the delta of 5mV represents a ...
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0answers
45 views

Usuing P_channel mosfet to make o normally closed switch

Hi, I am trying to implement a normally closed switch. In the shown circuit: Vcc = 16..60V (Vcc>>Vz) The characteristics of the P-mos are: Vth = -1V Rdson = 0,055ohm The circuit works correctly: in ...
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1answer
105 views

Why isn't the Saturation Current of a Photodiode the same as its Short Circuit Current?

The formula I see everywhere is: $$ I_{sat} = \frac{V_{bias}}{R_L} $$ But this seems incomplete for the following reason: The larger the resistance is the smaller the Saturation Current, it stands ...
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1answer
106 views

Channel shape of NMOS in saturation

According to the Sedra/Smith Microelectronic Circuits textbook, 6/7 eds., increasing \$v_{DS}\$ beyond \$v_{OV}\$ has no effect on the channel shape and charge. Why is that? It seems as if (...
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0answers
84 views

BJT Differential Amplifier deliberately saturated?

Happy New Year! I've recently completed a metal detector project (see my recent questions) and I've been going back over some of the parts I didn't fully understand first time around. This question ...
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0answers
231 views

How does the source voltage change with and without channel modulation?

The description here seems big, but it's only a two minute read. I'm stranded, desperately need help. The variable resistance R in the figure is set to 10K ohms. The first question was to find the ...
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1answer
573 views

Collector current decreases with the increase of base current in saturation mode of bjt

I'm new to BJT and i'm trying to understand the characteristics of bjt in different modes of it. In my book they explained that in saturation mode of bjt the collector current decreases even if i ...
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1answer
382 views

how does a Avalanche photo diode[APD] recovery time depend on TIA

in one my of low light pulse detection project i want to sense a very low light of 1mW/m2 so for this kind of scenario an APD is a device with its internal gain can give me abundant current to detect ...
-2
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1answer
78 views

Horowitz lab 4.4

I have a problem doing lab 4.4 from Horowitz's student manual for the Art of Electronics. Here's the circuit and here's what I get from LTspice simulation, which corresponds to hardware circuit ...