Questions tagged [saturation]

Saturation applies to two things in electronics; core saturation in a transformer or inductor, AND transistor saturation in a BJT or a MOSFET.

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Current saturation

I have bought a bunch of 24v LED for the garden, during the first months all of them worked fine, but some after they burned out the power supply. The reason is because they were demanding high ...
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Collector current decreases with the increase of base current in saturation mode of bjt

I'm new to BJT and i'm trying to understand the characteristics of bjt in different modes of it. In my book they explained that in saturation mode of bjt the collector current decreases even if i ...
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What is the effect of V(CE) to saturation?

I am following this tutorial about transistors. In the tutorial, it is stated that to be in the cutoff region, \$V_{BE}<0\$ and \$V_{BC}<0\$ must be true. The tutorial also states that however ...
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Depletion NMOS that's saturated at 0V

May seem like a weird request for a part, but are there any Depletion NMOS out there that is already saturated when you apply 0V to gate or if the gate is not connected?
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Why this operational amplifier is saturated?

my problem is that in this circuit: Where \$\pm V_{cc} =\pm 15V, R1=1k\Omega, R2= 10k\Omega\$, if I introduce a signal like: \$ v_i(t) = 2 \cos{(2\pi 1000 t)}\$, the output voltaje is this: Where ...
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Opamp output saturates at 1.7V even though rail voltage is 5V

simulate this circuit – Schematic created using CircuitLab I am working on following circuit on a 4 layer PCB. The sensor gives output from 0.5V to 4.5V and has frequency response of 19 Hz ...
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63 views

How was saturation current found? Was it assumed in this question?

I'm just a really confused about how Saturation current, Is, was either solved/derived or assumed?? Please see images of question and solution. The question requires that you find all the bias ...
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178 views

ngspice MOSFET region of operation

how to find region of operation of MOSFET in a circuit in ngspice? or how do you know that a MOSFET is in saturation in a circuit in ngspice?
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429 views

how does a Avalanche photo diode[APD] recovery time depend on TIA

in one my of low light pulse detection project i want to sense a very low light of 1mW/m2 so for this kind of scenario an APD is a device with its internal gain can give me abundant current to detect ...
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711 views

got a too low VCE on a Infrared Phototransistor

I used an Infrared Light Emitting Diode QED123(VF=1.7V) and an Infrared Phototransistor QSD123 in pair. I learnt from QSD123's datasheet that its VCE(SAT) under IC=0.5mA is 0.4V max. But the VCE I ...
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Which transistor ratings do I use when calculating something?

Let's say I want to calculate VBE for a transistor (for example). What do I use? VCE (Blocked) or VCE (Saturation) or VCE (max)? Let's say I want to calculate Ic/Ib, what do I use? Ic/Ib (blocked) or ...
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Horowitz lab 4.4

I have a problem doing lab 4.4 from Horowitz's student manual for the Art of Electronics. Here's the circuit and here's what I get from LTspice simulation, which corresponds to hardware circuit ...

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