# Questions tagged [signal-theory]

Anything related to signal theory, i.e. the branch of applied mathematics and engineering studying the properties of signals and the mathematical tools used to manipulate them.

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### Is Gaussian noise equal to white noise?

If noise on a signal is randomly fluctuating in time domain around its mean following a Gaussian normal distribution (Gaussian noise), would this be equivalent to an constant intensity in the ...
123 views

### Why frequency of a DC signal is chosen as zero? If the period can be anything, isn't it same for frequency?

This is a page from Oppenheim. We can assume a DC signal as a repetition of 10 strips per 10 seconds/10 strips per 5 seconds. Like that, if we choose different periods, we get different frequencies ...
33 views

### Time Reversal Operation for discrete time signals

For a discrete time unit step signal 'u(n)' , if time reversal operation is performed then it becomes 'u(-n-1)'. Is it true for ANY discrete time signal 'x(n)' such that time reversal operation makes ...
83 views

### convolution vs correlation?

Apparently this question looks better for DSP SE but I am posting it here to get answer in simple words for those EE graduates who didn't studied signal processing in undergrad. Apparently as far as ...
100 views

### Aperiod vs Period waveform Fourier Transform: How does nature understand which is the case?

Today I reviewed the theory behind the Fourier Transform, and I asked myself a question that I couldn't answer to in the process. Theory: A periodic waveform has a Fourier series which can be seen ...
95 views

### What is the math behind high FM frequency components being more noise prone? [closed]

what is the math behind the phenomena that higher frequencies are more prone to noise? The use of pre-emphasis to boost the higher frequency components to get a better S/N ratio. Can you provide ...
44 views

### Doubt on singular value decomposition

I am studying control systems and I am studying the topic of Singular Value Decomposition(SVD). I have found a transfer matrix of a systemm, and computed its DC gain. Then I have performed the ...
19 views

### inclinometers signal bandwidth

the answer here suggests that inclinometers are low bandwidth devices by design. But how low is low ? Or what difference will there be between a 6.25 Hz signal bandwidth device and a 62.5 Hz one ?
79 views

### Why does a pole at high frequencies attenuates noise?

I am trying to understand the concept of realizability for an improper transfer function, and I am struggling to understand some concepts. I know that if I have an improper transfer function, for ...
70 views

### How to construct a signal with only unit functions?

I don't understand the solution to this problem. How can I write a ramp function in the form of a step function?
24 views

### Cellular communications queuing

Not sure if this is the right place to ask but this is a homework question. Consider a base station in a cellular network. The base station has the resources to handle 7 calls at the same time. The ...
4k views

### Why do microwave ovens use magnetrons?

With a lot of advancement in solid state electronics and signal manipulation, isn't it easier to simply take high amplitude signals with frequencies near 1 MHz and multiply the signals using diodes ...
27 views

### Draw the graph of differential of the following graph

Is is like this? I think there should be impulse signal also in the graph am i doing wrong?
69 views

### Represent the given signal in mathematical form

Is this the mathematical form? I highy doubt myself $$-2r(t+3)+2r(t)+16u(t)-r(t)-2u(t-3)+5/2r(t-3)-5/2r(t-5)$$
46 views

### Draw even and odd parts of following signal

I think my odd signal is wrong because odd signal cannot be symmetric about y axis
47 views

### Calculating steady state output using Laplace transform

I've tried to obtain the the steady state output with the help of final value theorem and multiplication properties of Laplace transform.But I'm not sure whether I've solved the problem correctly or ...
63 views

### Confusion regarding step responses of integrator and differentiator?

I am using matlab to study about step response of integrator and also of differentiator using transfer function modelling technique But i have two confusion, one in case of integrator is that step ...
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### Determine the output signal given the input and inpulse response

It's been a while since I've worked these types of problems, but I've been working out the following problem for a while now and can't figure out a few details: And here is the solution: ...
61 views

### Is diode reverse recovery time related to diode capacitance?

The title. Is there some relationship between the two parameters? For example, fast diode recovery time indicates low capacitance, or even farther, can one be calculated from the other? Thank you in ...
163 views

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### Minimum Shift Keying

"Overall frequency excursion del-f in MSK is minimum frequency spacing between symbols 0 and 1 that allows their FSK representation to be coherently orthogonal". What is meant by being coherently ...
732 views

### Do I need to maintain source of a signal till it reaches the destination?

If I send a signal through a wire having delay of 10ms, then should I need to maintain the source of the signal till it reaches the destination or can I change after, say, 2ms and send the next signal....
221 views

### Why can't all data be sent across 4 wires?

I am aware that USB uses a positive, negative and D+/- wires in order to transmit data. The twisted pair are used to negate the effects of interference and electronic noise. I also understand that a ...
607 views

### Is there any relationship between frequency of signal and distance it travels?

I'm currently researching 5G technology. Many videos/articles on this topic claim that 5G is designed for communicating on lower distances (than 4G), because of higher (than 4G) frequency. So to build ...
154 views

### Long Distance High Speed Wireless Data Transfer

What kind of device can I use to transmit data at a rate of 1MB/min up to a distance of 100 miles? If that's not possible, what's the farthest distance to which I can transmit the data.
39 views

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### Discrete time domain, Is cos(2n) periodic?

I have just started out learning the basics of discrete time. I would like some help to understand if cos2n is periodic or not. I know the discrete time formula for periodicity: x[n] = x[n+N]. I Also ...