# Questions tagged [signal-to-noise]

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### Noise can be Differential or Common!

I have a basic understanding on this topic but i still have some doubts, my text books says Differential means it will have impact on one of the 2 signal nodes. and Common will have a common impact on ...
2k views

### How to split Analog and Digital GND planes for a TQFN device

This question is in reference to Mixed signal PCB layout for PSoC. If I am using a microcontroller which has separate analog and digital supply inputs and GNDs, what should do with the grounds? ...
609 views

### How does Hybrid Ground Works?

The text that is above the figure is from my textbook and i am having difficulty to understand what it is trying to say because it's not in detail!! why only remove high frequency and prevent low ...
339 views

### Am I using Shannon-Hartley Theorem and thermal noise correctly here?

I'm trying to learn about noise, sensitivity, and the Shannon-Hartley theorem, and I'm using some specs for a LoRa node IC to try it out. The Shannon-Hartley theorem says that the maximum data rate \\$...
2k views

### Signal to Noise ratio problem

A 200mv peak to peak sinusoidal signal is applied to an ideal 12 bit A/D converter, for which Vref(v p-p full scale) is 5v. Find signal to noise ratio. This is a problem worked out by one of my ...
466 views

### How is noise reduced using a sigma-delta converter?

Perhaps I'm sleepy but I can't quite get my head around how a sigma delta converter takes the noise that is in a bandwidth of (X) Hz and by over sampling spread, that same amount of noise over 2(X)Hz. ...
205 views

### Limiting Current interference in Photomultiplier Amplifier Circuit

I've been working on a circuit for a while now. It's a circuit consisting of 4 Silicon Photomultipliers, MicroFJ-60035-TSV, in parallel all going into an op amp circuit. I posted questions about it ...
75 views

### Determining required signal SNR (beat signal from FMCW RADAR)

I'm trying to determine the SNR required for signal outcoming from FMCW Radar. This is the chain: signal will created by "24 GHz VCO and PGA with 2-Channel PA Output" by triangle shape frequency ...
1) QAM's signal formula is $$s(t) = I(t)sin(2\pi f t) + Q(t)cos(2\pi f t)$$ The I axis and Q axis are orthogonal to each other, but its angle is 45 degrees, or 30 degrees. At how many degrees does ...