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Questions tagged [signal-to-noise]

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131 views

Signal noise cancelled by touching the leads

I have a pressure sensor that outputs 0.5V with a +/- 20 mV noise. I am trying to identify the root cause of the noise using an oscilloscope. The noise occurs in waves of twice the mains frequency, ...
69 views

Determining required signal SNR (beat signal from FMCW RADAR)

I'm trying to determine the SNR required for signal outcoming from FMCW Radar. This is the chain: signal will created by "24 GHz VCO and PGA with 2-Channel PA Output" by triangle shape frequency ...
39 views

Is this SNR change related to aliased common mode noise or some other phenomenon?

Below time series offset value of a force transducer amplifier which is sampled by a 16-bit single ended earth grounded data-acquisition board at 500Hz (red plot) and 12kHz (green plot). Before I was ...
49 views

Stability of delta sigma modulator with high frequency signal input

What happens to the high frequency part of a signal (in the region where the quantization noise is high) requantized with a delta sigma modulator, let's say with $$STF = 1$$ and $$NTF = (1-z^{-1})^N$$?...
117 views

Is the use of a Lock In with a signal generator appropriate and practicable?

I want to generate a 5 kHz microwave pulse to induce a sample signal. This microwave pulse has an underlying microwave frequency of 2 GHz. In order to investigate very tiny signals, which should arise ...
56 views

How are higher dimensional sphere packings used in signal transmission?

How are higher dimensional sphere packings (HDSPs) related to the error-correcting codes used by cell phones, space probes and the Internet for signal communication through noisy channels? HDSPs ...
63 views

Avoiding signal interference in a cable that carries video signal and sensor signal

I am using a 6 core shielded cable. In this 3 wires are used for a sensor and 3+1(shield) is used for a analog camera. All the cores take DC supply. Sensor(3 wires) (+)24 volt supply, (-)minus, ...
18 views

How does electrical noise affects signal and distribution power?

What is electrical noise and mechanical noise How does it interfere with power? - signal power - Power distribution/ transmission
23 views

How conventional DFE (Decision Feedback Equalizer) works?

There are a lot of variations of DFEs online. But I couldn't find a step by step explanation on how for example the 2-tap DFE works. Can you provide an explanation with a scheme ? I looked for some ...
39 views

SQNR and Dynamic Range

An audio tone $Acos(\omega t + \theta)$ undergoes uniform quantization by a quantizer that has the average quantization noise power $q^2/6$ joules, where $q$ is the quantization step size. If ...
38 views

Communication in presence of noise: Why is the number of distinguishable amplitudes K*sqrt((S+N)/N)

In section VII: The Capacity of a channel in the presence of white thermal noise in his 1949 paper Communication in the presence of noise, C.E.Shannon says, that for a signal with average power P, ...
74 views

Estimate minimum detectable light pulse in a photodiode (5 ms, 44 kHz modulated)?

I'll use an IR LED modulated at 44 kHz to illuminate particles in air or water, and will use a silicon photodiode to detect weak pulses of scattered light as they pass through the LED's collimated ...
36 views

SNM (Static Noise Margin) and DNM (Dynamic Noise Margin) confusion in digital circuits

I've found in several sites that SNM is the min between NMH and NML where NMH=VOHmin-VIHmin and NML=VILmax -VOLmax But this paper really confuses me, because it uses the same graphics and apparently ...
Let’s say we have the noise figure F of a system of devices. We also have the bandwidth improvement coefficient ( as defined by my teacher ) $$BI=10log(\frac{B_{in}}{B_{out}})$$ where B1 is the ...