Questions tagged [square]

A square wave is a non-sinusoidal periodic waveform in which the amplitude alternates at a steady frequency between fixed minimum and maximum values. The square wave is a special case of a pulse wave which allows arbitrary durations at minimum and maximum. The ratio of the high period to the total period of a pulse wave is called the duty cycle. A true square wave has a 50% duty cycle (equal high and low periods).

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102 views

how to give dc offset to the square wave from 2.5 v to -2.5 to 5 to 0 volt?

a)I want to change my square wave signal from -2.5 to 2.5 volt to 5 volts to 0 volts? actually this will be given to MOSFET driver ir2110. b) In the first picture, it is my original square wave coming ...
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How do I calculate the root mean square voltage of a square wave (with drawing)?

I need to find the root mean square voltage based on this drawing, knowing that the period (T) is equal to 6 seconds, and the voltage (V) is equal to 14 Volt. I know that the rms can be calculated ...
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47 views

Square wave oscillator on PSpice simulation

I'm new to PSpice and here I was trying to simulate a square wave oscillator using a LM193 on PSpice. Here is the circuit that I've created there: Edit: The capacitor C1 has an IC set to 0 However, ...
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37 views

How to convert any periodic signal to a square wave signal using the Schmitt Trigger?

I had to make a kind of frequency meter, and what made me stuck was the signal formatting. I couldn’t build a circuit containing the Schmitt Trigger, which will allow me to convert any periodic signal ...
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43 views

how to tune wave to obtain a specific harmonic seriers

I wanted to know what is the relationship between a square wave and its harmonics, in other words can i change a square wave features (frequency, duty cycle etc) to obtained a desired fundamental ...
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81 views

How do I amplify a square wave pulse of 4 to 8 periods at 3.5 MHz from +-2V to +-60V or more?

I am working with ultrasound sensors optimized for 3.5 MHz signals, and I want to test these using my PicoScope 5000 with integrated signal generator. The PicoScope is able to generate arbitrary ...
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53 views

Weak signal via pull up resistor?

I am trying to trigger a camera from another primary camera. The circuit diagram provided is as follows: The signal to the input is suppose to be a positive square wave. So 0V..and a peak to peak of ...
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84 views

Modelling a low-pass filter on LTSpice to filter an input square wave at 50kHz to obtain a sinusoidal output at 50Hz

I'm trying to create a filter that filters the output of an inverter at 50kHz PWM (from reading the comments, I'm not sure if I should be calling this the switching freq?) to a sinusoidal one at 50Hz ...
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126 views

Scope says 59.9 Hz .. yet I can't measure turntable speed

I needed to measure a turntable's number of revolutions per minute, but didn't have any incandescent lamps around. So I rigged an LED to an ESP8266 SOC and programmed it with delays to output a 60hz ...
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33 views

My Square Wave from my PIC24F got twice the intended period

I am doing a program where I am toggling an LED at a PIC24F Development Board an Explorer 16/32 development board with a PIC24FJ1024GB610 microcontroller attached to it. Explorer 16/32 got an LED (D3)...
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111 views

Does this circuit convert sinewaves to square waves?

As part of a graded assignment on diodes, I was given this question. I ended up designing this circuit :- simulate this circuit – Schematic created using CircuitLab However, I only got ...
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48 views

Understanding RLC series circuit fed with a square wave

I'm simulating a RLC series circuit fed with a 60Hz 3.3V square wave coming from a microcontroller. The inductor series resistor is 100 ohms, so the total R= 110 ohms. According to the simulation, the ...
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239 views

What is the maximum frequency of CMOS level triangle wave?

What is the maximum frequency of CMOS (3.3V) level triangle (or square) wave that I can achieve with serial discrete ICs (for example: discrete PLL or DAC + OpAmp cascade)?
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55 views

How to find the Fourier series of an output given input and transfer function

I have an input rectangle pulse, \$f(t) = rect(t/\tau) \$ and a transmission line whose transfer function depends on frequency. The transfer function of the t.l. is the transmitted wave divided by the ...
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Generating 40 kHz square wave using ATtiny13

I'm using an ATtiny13 running at 1.2 MHz and would like to generate a 40 kHz square wave on PB3 and PB4. The signal on PB4 should be 180 degrees offset (inverted) from PB3. I know that I need to set ...
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258 views

Converting a square wave into a sine wave

I have been researching methods for converting a square wave into a sine wave, but I cannot seem to reach a conclusion. Is it possible to preserve the amplitude and frequency of a square wave when ...
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191 views

How to remove DC offset (and make average DC value 0V) from ADS1261 square wave AC-excitation circuit

I am attempting to remove the DC offset from the 1 kHz, ± 2.5 V, AC square wave output pins of an ADS1261 (http://www.ti.com/lit/ds/symlink/ads1261.pdf). However, when measured on the oscilloscope (...
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Non-sinusoidal waveforms: relationship (resistance, capacitance)\$\xrightarrow{\text{affects}}\$ (amplitude, frequency)

During the laboratory we have analyzed the following two non-sinusoidal generators: square-wave generator triangular-wave generator Sadly we didn't have enough time to complete the last task. My ...
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Logic-level square wave to transformer

I try to power EL wire at a chosen frequency. For this I have a microcontroller generating a square wave signal at the given frequency; this signal oscillates between 0 and 3.7V and the current is ...
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2answers
191 views

How to clamp opamp output to +-12v when supply is +-15v

I have the following circuit. It's purpose is to take a 0-3.3v signal from an MCU and provide a square, -12v to 12v wave across R3, R4 and either R5 or R6. The idea is to read +-9v when only R4 is ...
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166 views

FFT of a square wave

I'm generating a square wave as PWM whose frequency is set to 25 Hz. On the oscilloscope, I've got: The data referred to the image above was stored and maniputed, then I plot it using jupyter ...
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591 views

What would cause a square wave to become rounded?

I have a square wave going through a thousand feet of cable. The cable has \$120 \,\Omega\$ characteristic impedance. I measured the capacitance and inductance of the cable and they are pretty close ...
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59 views

Simple Square Wave Amplification Technique?

I have a square wave that is 5v peak-to-peak. I need a circuit that can amplify this square wave up to any given supply voltage between 9 and 50v. I don't need much current, nothing more than 100ma ...
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161 views

Offset when trying to convert square to triangular wave

Hi I constructed a circuit to create a 1Hz square wave with LM741 Opamp. The first part makes that and it makes it perfectly. But I need to convert it to a 8Vpp triangular wave. Without any offset, I ...
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222 views

Simple circuit to light a LED only if I have a square wave

I have a simple circuit with a transistor that accepts an input 3.3V square wave (50Hz) and amplifies it to a 20V output inverted square wave. I'd like to have a LED that lights up if the square wave ...
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87 views

65V Square wave Switching Circuit

I am trying to generate a 65V square wave very similar to the post found here: Mosfet PWM signal not square My load is in a slightly different configuration (i've tried them both ways), but the ...
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3answers
257 views

Best way to amplify 3.3V square wave at 1MHz to 10V square wave at 1MHz

I am trying to build a bus transmitter complying to 1553 standards. Its input is a 3.3V square wave at 1MHz (CMOS data) and it has to be amplified to 10V or higher at the same frequency. The load ...
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Error % for readings of average-sensing multimeters

Question: What is the error % in reading the voltage of a Square wave (1 Vpp) with an average-sensing multimeter with a half-wave rectifier, compared to a TRms multimeter The answer seems to be 11.1% ...
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75 views

Average of flipped square wave

So I need to find what will be the average of a flipped square wave. I know that the high amplitude is 15V and the low amplitude is -9V and the average of the original signal is 2V. What will be the ...
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93 views

How to find mean value of square signal

I have a comparator circuit and I need to find the mean value of the output square wave. I have calculated it like this: \$Vmean=1/T*integral(U*dt)\$ from 0 to T and I got \$Vmean=-0.7896V\$ Can ...
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138 views

Square wave generator won't work

I'm trying to generate a square wave at 21kHz (+13V,0V) using this schematic: I used formulas and this website to find the correct values for my components but it doesn't seem to work on Simetrix. ...
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1answer
102 views

Arduino not outputting square wave with 50% duty cycle

I’m currently using an Arduino and my main goal is to output 2 signals from 2 digital pins. Pin 1 (D7) would output a 1 kHz signal with a 50% duty cycle and pin 2 (D8) would output half of pin 1's ...
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1answer
92 views

Sine to square on complex wave?

What are the required parts on a circuit to get a square wave out of a sine one following the constraint shown in the image? Schmitt triggers seem to work on continuous sine wave but as you can see, I ...
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2answers
98 views

1v square wave generator

I'm trying to create a square wave form from a single AA battery, say 1v. I came across an IC which is essentially a low voltage 555 timer: Semtech SX8122 however it is marked obsolete. I would like ...
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83 views

Comparator Undesired Behavior

The following circuit is a comparator, which compares input square signal at non-inverting pin with fixed reference voltage at inverting pin of integrated comparator circuit LM393 (\$R\$ is collector ...
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1answer
107 views

Oscilloscope displaying two voltage levels (on the same channel) for square wave

Please excuse if this is stupid, I've been searching to see if I can find an answer to this on Google, but it seems I'm facing the issue in which I don't know how to describe the issue I'm trying to ...
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50 views

Old motor with unknown pulse generator signal

I have been building a new controller unit for a ~20 years old gate opener because it was never reliable, and eventually stopped working entirely. So far, I have got everything working except from ...
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1answer
60 views

IR Light Transmission Delay Error

The following circuit consists of two IR (Infra-Red) LED diodes; one as light transmitter (IR1) and other as light receiver (IR2). They are spaced for approximately 4 cm, so distance is not the issue ...
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103 views

Is an FPGA the best tool to generate a continuous flow of square pulses with arbitrary amplitude?

I need to generate a train of rectangular pulses, with positive and negative arbitrary amplitude. Ideally, I would like to have the generation electronics connected with a computer, and I would like ...
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1answer
166 views

Filtering a Square Wave into a Sine Wave

I am trying to Filter a +-4V odd inverted square wave into a sine wave. How should I go about doing so? So far I have computed the Fourier series of my particular input signal to be: Which I ...
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3answers
475 views

How Much Current is Usually Used with IR Transmitting LEDs, in Remote Controls?

If you take various Remote Controls from your home, such as for a TV, Audio System, TV Box, etc, and measure the current that is supplied to the IR LED in the remote, what would be common current ...
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1answer
84 views

sine wave to square wave using LT1017

I am trying to convert sine wave of 50 Hz and 10 mV to square wave of 10 mV of positive side only. I used the following circuit. But the square wave has higher voltage compare to my requirement. ...
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860 views

How do I design a circuit to convert a 100 mV and 50 Hz sine wave to a square wave? [duplicate]

I have a sine wave of 100 mV and 50 Hz. I want to design a circuit that converts this sine wave into a square wave as shown in a figure.
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99 views

TENS spike smoothing when using a relay

I'm currently messing around with a TENS unit and would like to block/unblock the signal from reaching the muscle (Alterations to the TENS unit circuitry aren't possible). The unit uses a 2 mm jack ...
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1answer
161 views

0-12V square wave to -6 +6 sine

We're working on a car where we've replaced most of the electrical system. We've also replaced the transmission, and the new gear box doesn't have a speed sensor that we can use for the instrument. ...
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1answer
65 views

How do I calculate the voltage across a capacitor when the source is a square wave?

I have a series RC circuit with R= 2.2K Ohm and C=100 nF, and the voltage supply is a 2.5V peak square wave. And I'm not sure how to calculate the voltage across the capacitor.
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385 views

How to make a piezo speaker louder with 5V?

I have connected a tiny piezo pc speaker (https://sktechworks.ca/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/Speaker.jpg) to an arduino and used to tone command to play a simple melody in repeat (square wave only ...
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66 views

How can I turn off automatically, say after a fixed number of cycles, a 555 in astable mode?

I looked at the answer to "How to turn a 555 in astable mode into a decaying square wave" but this is really for an input to a speaker. I want the input to go into a counter to count the number of ...
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177 views

Stepper driver sine wave

I have a TB6660 Stepper driver and I gave pulse from an Arduino board. According to the TB6660 datasheet, drier should out a sine wave that created by using give square wave from Arduino. But, when I ...
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86 views

Why does this “square wave” have what seems to be a charging action on it's leading edge?

I'm trying to produce a basic square wave output across a resistor from an ATMega328P Xplained mini. VCC is 5 V. Setup: Code: (Stuff with DDC/PORTB is just to control the onboard LED) ...