Questions tagged [synchronization]

the coordination of events to operate a system in unison.

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240 views

Codec in 'master mode' require more than one external clock? (MCLK?) to drive I2S system timing to/from MCU slave?

Does an audio codec in 'master mode' require more than the one clock line (MCLK?) to drive and time I2S data sync to MCU or FPGA slave? I understand that the I2S proper consists of three lines - '...
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221 views

Video sync generator IC

I have a board which is a PAL CCIR video sync generator card having SAA1043. The IC is accepting external sync signal from pin 15 and generating composite pulse on pin 26 and burst output on pin 1. ...
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2answers
91 views

Compensating clock drift “by hand” - what have I solved?

Edit: I'm not actually looking for a solution, because short of syncing the hardware clocks (which I can't do) there isn't one. What I'm looking for is an explanation of where the magic -8.4ms I seem ...
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1answer
158 views

IEEE 1588 PTP phase and time synchronization

Why everywhere is said that PTP synchronize phase and time together? phase and time are totally separate concepts. does it mean after using PTP rising edge of slave and master clocks happen ...
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26 views

Generator data for synchronizing

I have two DG sets which are to be synchronized on to the same AC bus and needless to say, they must share load. I have gathered some parametric data which I felt would decide how well these can work ...
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259 views

Synchronizing oscilloscope to reference time

Consider a lab that contains an NTP (network time protocol) time server that synchronizes events between multiple workstations connected to the same network. I have a Tektronix DPO4034 oscilloscope ...
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38 views

Shift composite image right

The circuit is based on AD725 encoder, and the proto board is functioning relatively well. Here're the pics: NTSC mode: PAL mode: Circuit detects PAL or NTSC mode using MCU, and performs automatic ...
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2answers
44 views

How to sync GPS time and pulses of micro-controller

I have two of the devices (a while loop in the code) that need to start at the same time, within 50ms or less of each other. Each is using the same GPS module, and I am using "ARM® Cortex®-M3 Giant ...
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4answers
785 views

Is there an efficient way for synchronising audio events real-time with LEDs using an MCU?

I'm working on a project in which LED lights synchronise with audio events. I'm not referring to reactive LED projects that read the ADC from audio amplitude or spectrum, but about having some ...
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1answer
84 views

Clock synchronised to pulse

I'm thinking about 1Mhz clock signal synchronised to external random pulses (eg. rising edge). Before pulse event clock can be running or stopped. After every pulse, it should run in same fixed phase ...
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76 views

High precision timekeeping

Hey I'm looking for suggestions for implementing a very high precision timekeeping device. I need to record independent signals in multiple devices and then time match them to an accuracy of about ...
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3answers
75 views

Deciding which assembly is more common positive edge detector

I know of two circuits which can act as edge detector: A clock connected as a voltage source across a RC component where resistance is composed of a diode and a resistor and this in series with ...
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2answers
388 views

How to use 1PPS to Synchronize ESP32 Clocks and Peripherals

I've read a few posts (example) about what the 1PPS signal is and how it can be used at a high-level, but I'm still not sure how to actually implement it on a PCB schematic to sync up with my ...
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How do GPS satellites refresh their clocks

How do GPS satellites keep their on board clocks accurate? I assume that they need to get update from a base station. But how do you make sure that after the update all the satellites are synchronized,...
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112 views

How to cascade frequency dividers

I'm implementing some modules using VHDL and for some of them I need the FPGA's global clock signal, and for some others I need to update to two different frequencies. A common solution to this is ...
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3answers
136 views

Can I use the external trigger to simultaneous capture waveforms on two oscilloscopes?

I want to look at synchronization in a 6 oscillator network (oscillators are about 100 kHz, 1.5 V_pp, if this matters). I have a 4 channel oscilloscope (Tektronix TDS 2024B) and a 2 channel ...
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3answers
73 views

Clock domain cross and metastablilty problem

I understand the problem of metastability and understand that we can't get a stable value in a bounded time so we need unbonded time but it is not practical, so we put another flip flop with no ...
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70 views

Offset QPSK Frame sync markers

What actual protocols exist out there that employ Offset Quadrature Phase-Shift Keying (OQPSK)? What do they use for the frame synchronization marker (or "preamble" or "sync word" or "flag")? Do ...
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3answers
153 views

Synchronizing two OV7670 image sensors

I would like to create a simple frame synchronihed stereo camera. I found there are cheap OV7670 boards (without FIFO memory) that work with Arduino (or compatible) boards - these sensors do not have ...
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1answer
351 views

Should we use asynchronous inputs in Moore blocks and synchronous in Mealy blocks?

Consider we have two n-bit counters CNT_A and CNT_B two n-bit unsigned comparators CMP_A, CMP_B and two n-bit binary numbers N1, N2. The counters have two inputs C, L for synchronous count and load ...
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1answer
111 views

Are Newfoundland's and Quebec's power grid synchronized [closed]

By the Maritime Link project (HVDC), which finished this year, Newfoundland is linked asynchronously to Nova Scotia, which is part of the Eastern Interconnection. But is the power grid of ...
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4answers
2k views

Synchronizing a diesel generator with a pure sine wave inverter

As the title reads, I'm trying to understand the best (Practical) way to synchronize a diesel generator with a pure sine wave inverter, in order to implement an automatic synchronizer based on ...
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84 views

How to synchronise DVD-RW spindle motors

Just bought a small DC motor speed controller (two LM324, two IRFZ44N, rated at 250W max output, input in range 5-10 to 30V DC) and started wondering how to synchronise six DVD-RW spindle motors (...
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3answers
878 views

gps performance for synchronization

I can't understand why GPS reciever clock is very good (stratum 0). I know it's very accurate and pure within itself; but when it passes through a long distance wireless channel, then it has low power ...
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2answers
62 views

Question about a trigger input of a modern ARB/VSG (Vector Signal Generator)

Given a common setup: The green box is a PCB mainly consisting of a data acquisition device (ADC+RF frontend) which is controlled by a Spartan-6 FPGA. The ADC & FPGA use a clock from a Tektronix ...
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4answers
2k views

In one-way asynchronous serial communication, how does the receiver sync up its bytes?

I want to make a serial system over RF to receive messages sent from a computer, so I can understand how digital radio works on the bare metal. The one part I don't understand is how a sender and a ...
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2answers
10k views

What happens when we connect two generators in parallel with a single load? [duplicate]

I read that in large utility systems more and more generators are added to provide extra power. I'm lacking some basic knowledge here. So, what happens when we connect two generators in parallel? Is ...
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1answer
74 views

Sync with electrical wall outlet [closed]

I have two ac souces one being the electrical wall outlet and the othee being an inverter that will go to zero volts, and both at 60hz. How do I sync the inverter to the wall outlet?
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Busbar frequency when two generator working parallel have little difference in their frequency

2 Synchronous generator supplying a load of 3.5MW at 0.8pf lagging. No load frequency of generator 1 and & 2 are 51.5 Hz and 51Hz respectively. The slope of frequency vs power curve of both ...
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3answers
1k views

Getting Clock/Time information from PC to an STM32F4

Assume I connect a microcontroller board (like an STM32F4) to a PC via USB. Is there anything in the USB communication protocol that contains host clock data? In other words, can I sync the ...
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2answers
135 views

Synchronize Clocks

I need to develop a system where there are 4 sensor boxes powered by USB and they have their internal clock. Each of these boxes are connected to a Linux pc and all these PCs are linked with WiFi. API ...
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33 views

Wireless Time Synchronization IC [duplicate]

In my application I need a clock that is synchronized across several devices. (A detailed description of my system is given in an earlier question) It appears achieving precision timing at a software ...
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1answer
258 views

Simple questions about synchronizer

1) For table 1 of Berkeley paper , why "Input must be valid for at least two clock periods in the new domain." ? The explanation: the width of the input pulse must be greater than the period of ...
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1k views

Why do we need to synchronise asynchronous inputs in FSM?

I have been newly learning digital electronics. I know that there are gates which perform logic functions, I learned about RS-Latch, D-Latch and Master-Slave-D-Flip-Flop. Now that I can perform logic ...
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1answer
145 views

synchronise many microcontrollers

In my project i'll use modbus protocol for serial communication over RS485. There are more than 320 slaves which seperated equally in 2 groups. Every 16 slaves are powered from the same supply and ...
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2answers
125 views

What does Timestamping of GPIO pin means and how to achieve it?

I did my bachelor's in CS and I am pretty new to electronics and with embedded system as my specialization, I am not able to grab some of the concepts. I have made a program which toggles an led on ...
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1answer
51 views

Migration from multimode to single mode fiber

In my company we are using custom measurement systems with multimode fiber optic transmitters and receivers for synchronization between different devices. We are thinking of migrating our multimode ...
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2answers
154 views

BTLE synchronize advertising beacons with phone scanning

In a BTLE master/slave connection, the master and slave devices synchronize their frequency hopping. Along with the connection parameters (like interval, slave latency, supervision timeout) this ...
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1answer
808 views

Why is the CAN bus always busy (microcontroller)?

I'm trying without success to perform CAN bus communication between an microcontroller and the host (my computer). My question does not depend on the microcontroller, but on the CAN Bus (classic CAN). ...
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1answer
179 views

Radio clock sync circuit identification [closed]

I took out a little board from a radio clock that looks a lot like this one. I believe this is used for automatic clock setting - the coil is probably used as an antenna. It looks like this: The ...
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3answers
15k views

How to synchronize a generator on the electrical grid?

I've read many articles about paralleling two portable generators or synchronizing a power generator on the electrical grid. I have the theoretical background about that topic and I know the four ...
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3answers
692 views

methods for servo or stepper synchronized multi-axis control [closed]

I have designed a 6 axis robot. The main requirement of the robot is that all axes must be highly synchronized in order to create precise (sub-millimeter, sub-degree) 6DOF (x, y, z, yaw, pitch, roll) ...
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1answer
52 views

Broadcast Audio Synchronization

Unlike other broadcast standards such as DVB-T where the transmitter sends a reference TimeStamp counter (CTS,PTS) as a global reference clock information to receiver, in digital radio standards such ...
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1answer
149 views

Can I use GPS to synchronise two pieces of hardware? [duplicate]

I'm working on a project with multiple sensors. These sensors need to be synchronised with eachother as precisely as possible without a physical connection. I need to make sure that if I tell them to ...
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1answer
94 views

Maintaing Data Packet Wholeness Over RS-232 Serial Port?

This might seem a bit simple, but when I'm reading data sent from over RS-232 to be read by my computer, is it reasonable to expect that if the data was sent as a single packet, that the packet will ...
2
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1answer
309 views

How are two atomic clocks synchronized?

I want to synchronize two atomic clocks at the same location to the same time... then let them run independently of each other (then I'd move them apart). Is there some standard procedure to ...
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2answers
82 views

Strange voltage decay with clipper

I need to limit the voltage coming out of the sync function on my radio signal generator so I can plug it into my laptop's audio input. This is what it looks like without any voltage limits: I used a ...
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930 views

how can synchronize two single phase generators?

I need to a continues power supply for 3 day without interrupt. I use from 2 single phase generators that a generator work for 10 hour and next another startup. for uninterrupted power supply we need ...
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1answer
602 views

Synchronize internal DAC to I2S on STM32F4

I have a CS4344 DAC connected to my STM32F407 outputting sound at a 44.1kHz rate with DMA and I2S and I would like to output and envelope signal through the internal DAC of the STM32F4, in sync with ...
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1answer
129 views

How to design a transistor current switch for synchronization circuit?

The following diagram is a practical diagram for derivation of the clock signal from the received waveform itself (Synchronization) in baseband PAM systems. I'm looking for a typical circuit for the "...