# Questions tagged [three-phase]

AC power with three legs run 120 degrees out of phase

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### Can a Variable Frequency Drive convert standard wall outlet (120V/15A/single phase) to ~220V 3 phase?

In my workshop I have a device that requires 220V 3 phase power, with a requirement of up to 1.5kVA. In North America, my wall outlet provides ~120V/15A single phases. (EDIT - my device can take +/- ...
239 views

### How to detect the phase sequence of a 3-phase ac (R-Y-B or R-B-Y) using Atmega32?

I am using an 8-bit AVR microcontroller in my project to detect the phase sequence of a 3-phase AC supply. Which method shall I use to do the work with the least number of components required along ...
237 views

### How to verify if all 3 AC phases are in order? [closed]

We have 220V main lines where we currently live and we have a 3-Phase connection. We have an Air conditioning unit that requires 3 phase AC input with the correct phase sequence. If the phase ...
154 views

### Does a 3-phase VFD work if one phase is reduced (e.g. with a dimmer)?

If you have a 3-phase VFD running a 3-phase motor, and you use a leading or trailing edge dimmer on one or two of the input phases, will the VFD continue to operate normally, pulling more current from ...
65 views

### Phase Voltage Confusion

Here's a question that I was asked with the answer keys. From the problem I deduced the net load impedance for one of the elements in the delta configuration will turn out to be 172.767|_3.66194 Ohms....
39 views

We're in kind of a bind at work and looking for easiest / cheapest way to load an AC generator (Synchronous permanent magnet machine). We have access to a big 300A Mosfet module along with it's ...
122 views

### PWM phase voltage and current measurement for power consumption calculation for a BLDC MOTOR

I have been trying to log both voltage and current from the battery of an electric two wheeler for finding out efficiency at inverter, battery level.
712 views

### Figuring out neutral and earth in a three phase connector?

Iām trying to check whether the earth and neutral is connected correctly in a 5 pin connector which has 3 pins for lines, one for neutral and one for the PE earth. 3L-N-PE type connector. For some ...
70 views

### How to create EMI/EMC noise for testing product behavior in noise environment?

We have product which works on three phase AC supply. We were facing issue on I2C interface of external RTC due to noise from external environment. After some inspection, we realized that because of ...
2k views

### How is Line and Phase Voltage the same for a Delta connected system?

I am having a little bit of confusion for some reason understanding how the phase and line voltage can be the same for a delta connected system, i understand why the current is different for the phase ...
311 views

### How does torque control work in three phase motors?

For a project I am working with a three-phase AC brushless motor, connected to a motor driver. The driver allows digital control over the motor in position, velocity or torque modes. Below are a few ...
46 views

### How to calculate R for an AC load on a 3-ph system

I'm trying to calculate the resistors in an AC dummy load for a 3-ph system. A simplified schematic can be found below. The idea is to switch (with regular AC 1-ph contactors) some resistors on each ...
75 views

### Per Unit System: what details am I missing

Ok, so I had a problem about a three-phase system with the following data $$V=220kV$$ $$S=150MVA$$ $$\cos \phi=0.85$$ where V is the phase-phase voltage, S is apparent power, and $\phi$ is ...
71 views

### Circuit for Neutral point of 3-Phase mains

I wonder if the 'Neutral Point' as mentioned in the attached image is correctly labeled or not? Is there any mistake in this 3-phase circuit design? Edit 1: Also it looks like the 'Neutral point' is ...
93 views

### 24V, 3 Phase BDCM Controller Schematic

This may seem like a dumb question, but does anyone have a schematic for a BDCM controller. All I seem to be able to find are partial schematics or schematics that include a micro controller. My ...
330 views

### DIY 3-phase fast linear actuator

I have a need for a FAST linear actuator of which I may control position and speed reliably. I have already been looking into pnuematics, however it does not seem that this will fit my needs (I am ...
139 views

### Two level Inverter [closed]

What thing determines a 2-level and 3-level Inverter as in the diagram? edit: Level is as in 'voltage level'. I have found following good link that explains it. http://www.elkraft.ntnu.no/~richardl/...
48 views

### 3 Phase vs line to line [duplicate]

Say I have the following three phase wye configuration: Source Letās also assume that all three loads have the same constant resistance, therefore in this case the system is balanced and the neutral ...
1k views

### SPWM vs SVPWM implementation [duplicate]

I am learning various control techniques for 3-Phase ACIMs. So far I have understood about the SPWM implementation.. in which we save Sin values in a LUT and then modulate the duty-cycle of PWM wave ...
2k views

### SPWM vs 6-step PWM vs SVMPWM

While learning 3-Phase scalar control of ACIM using STM32F407 MCU I could not clearly understand the diffrence between the following terms: 1. SPWM 2. 6-step PWM 3. SVMPWM How do they differ from ...
90 views

### 3-phase motor (hi-hp) fails on start, insulation was > 500 megohms. WHY? [closed]

This is a common situation in industry where the 3-phase motor has a resistive reactance fault (as small as 1% unbalance) PRIOR to start. Insulation has been subject to excessive heating but meets ...
52 views

### Phase or Line V/F Control for ACIM

I am trying to implement V/F control for 3 phase ACIM using STM32F407 MCU. I am using 6 Complementary outputs of its Adv. Timer 1, Center aligned 256-points PWM waveform. The DC Bus voltage is 600 VDC....
62 views

### how to get the line voltage of 3 phase delta circuit with power factor known at first?

In the following picture, it shows that a black box at right. the circuit inside the black box is a 3 phase load balanced delta connection circuit. the line voltage of it is 500V and the power factor ...
105 views

### Equivalent DC circuit of 3 phase induction motor

I'm currently trying to model a simplified circuit of an inverter + 3 phase induction motor. For now, I want to represent the DC link as an ideal independent voltage source. To keep this example ...
65 views

### Is it possible to design a three-phase delta generator only with two generators? [closed]

I've always seen 3 generators in a three-phase generator, but this question came to my mind. I've tried to add an element instead of the third generator, although with no result. I hope someone can ...
564 views

### Balanced delta source to Wye source by considering magnitude only is ok?

I read and derived formulas for balanced delta source to Wye source; it is given by Vy = Vd / sqrt(3)<30 but in some places I see people only dividing by sqrt(3) for conversions are keeping angle 0,...
90 views

### Discrete simulation of 3-phase inductive load

I would like to make a discrete time simulation of a 3 phase inductive load but I am struggling with the problem. I have this Y configuration in mind. I'd like to simulate each current and Vn, given ...
116 views

### 3 phase - Unbalanced loads from line to line

In the case of a 3 phase wye unbalanced configuration such as the following: we can compute the amount of current going through the neutral wire using geometry, in this case it is \\$\sqrt{(\cos(150^{\...
271 views

### Poles of induction motor rotor

For a three phase squirrel cage induction motor (IM,) we can have 2 or 4 or 6 etc. pole pairs on its stator and when these stator windings are energized by 3 phase mains supply then we get a rotating ...
56 views

### Induction Motor Poles and Drive Configuration

If an IM is driven by a VVVF drive and the poles of the motor do not match with the drive configs.. eg., IM is 4 poles but the drive setting is 2 poles.. or the other way around.. then can it create a ...
526 views

### Wiring a 2 pole three-phase DB motor to a VFD

Hello everyone this is my first time posting here so forgive me if my post seems a little choppy. So my dilemma is trying to hook up a 2 pole three-phase DB motor rated at 230 X 3. I did a fair amount ...
82 views

### motor slip vs rotational speed

In Induction motor theory the term slip is used as normalized relative speed of the rotor to the synchronous speed and it depends on the physical rotational speed of the rotor. Is there any special ...
77 views

### 3 Phase calculations

I have 3-phase utility mains power supply whose phase voltage is 220 V, 50 Hz. I keep getting confused about various calculations of the 3-phase mains as follows: Formula for the line voltage. ...
164 views

### What is the practical use of Laplace Transform?

I am trying to understand the electrical model of 3-phase Induction Model. The rotor of the motor is modeled as a variable resistor in s-domain. I fail to understand how that works practically. Can ...
365 views

### What is line to line voltage supposed to meter at?

I'm pretty new to this but I know that in three phase power, when I'm metering line to line its usually at 208V, but I've been told that line to line meters at 240V. I don't know what would cause for ...
672 views

### Modelling 3-phase induction motor and filter for inverter output in LTspice

I am designing an inverter in Ltspice and am looking to have a simple circuit to represent the motor load and filter out the PWM harmonics in order to obtain outputs. The motor characteristics are: ...
218 views

### How to maintain a stable voltage on a Wind Turbine for Inverter

I'm doing some experiments on a wind turbine in my spare time. At the moment, my system runs well and I can measure good output values from my generator. For example: 38V @18Hz at 30 RPM 97V @37Hz ...
166 views

### What should be switching voltage rating of relay in a 380VAC 3 phase system?

I am hooking up a system where there is 2 sources of power available. One source is the grid power, and the other is a generator. The grid provides me with 3-phase 380VAC with a neutral wire; and on ...
73 views

### What is the difference between a rupture and the neutral conductor not existing from the start in star three phased system?

I have a pretty basic question. In three phased systems, I know that if the loads are equal, the neutal conductor has no role and can be removed, my question concerns unequal loads. My question is, ...
3k views

### How can 400V & 690V on e-motors result in the same power

Forgive my ignorance, but how can two 3-phase ratings on the same motor result in the same output power? The one I have is rated for 0.7kW in triangle for both 400V and 690V.
275 views

### Proper supply wiring for CNC router 4.1 kW 3Ī¦ motor and 120 V accessories?

I'm building a CNC router table that has a three-phase 220 V spindle motor, and 120 V computer (and accessories). The spindle's nameplate: As you can see it tops out at 20.3 A @ 220 V. The VFDās (...
3k views

### Line voltage and phase voltage question

ā In the question, why couldn't I just find Line current from Line Voltage? Is not Line Current=Line Voltage/Impedance? I know line voltage and line current aren't in phase, that the angle between ...
89 views

### How do I bring back to life a very un-excited 3phase 10kVa alternator

We are restoring a water mill and have recently got our 2 wheels turning once more. One of them is connected to an existing 3phase 10KVa alternator which although a little old seems to be in good ...
12k views

### 3-phase 380 V to 3-phase 230 V

I have a portable bearing heater which works with 3-phase 230 V power supply. My power supply is 3-phase 380 V. Is there any way to convert the 3-phase 380 V to 3-phase 230 V? ...
653 views

### What is meant by the Sending end and Receiving end in 3 phase electrical circuits?

I do not understand the what sending or receiving end means in 3 phase circuit analysis. Aside: Also I am struggling to understand 3-phase just in general with respect to circuit analysis so if there ...
3k views

### Are three-phase contactors rated per pole or in total?

Are three-phase contactors rated per pole or in total? For example, have a look at this datasheet for a random three-phase contactor: datasheet In the datasheet it says that for AC-3 loads (1) the ...
140 views

### How is power out one side of 220 only - Problem is with incoming 3-phase. But how?

[EDIT] Can someone who understands what I wrote explain this? [EDIT 2] Sorry I didn't say I'm in the USA, the power is 110/220vac 60Hz. The input to the main power transformer is 3-phase, underground,...
67 views

### Can a DFIG operate in a synchronous speed?

A DFIG can operate in both sub and super synchronous modes. Can a DFIG also operate (stable) in a synchronous speed? If so, would the rotor current (as decided by IGBT switching) be DC since the rotor ...
81 views

### Reactive Power in grid side converter for Doubly fed induction generator

Does the grid side converter in a DFIG absorb/provide reactive power or is it reactive neutral? Also, what can we say about reactive power exchange in the rotor side converter?