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Questions tagged [tolerance]

A window of acceptance, often expressed as a percentage, in which a non-perfect value is still accepted as usable.

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Forward voltage tolerance on an ordinary diode

If one examines the datasheet of a diode such as the Vishay US1G, there is a graph of the typical voltage vs current such as Figure 3 below (with multiple lines for different temperatures): However, ...
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2answers
87 views

RTC time advancing

I'm working in some projects with an RTC. I'm using the PCF85063A. The problem is: the RTC counter is advancing from real time about 2 minutes per week. I searched for hardware and firmware errors, ...
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1answer
35 views

Solar variation tolerance for a solar panel

How to estimate average variation of input solar radiation that would be tolerable for a given solar panel? On what parameters will it depend?
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1answer
30 views

Meaning of a potentional tolerance value for a dimension in a mechanical drawing

The mechanical drawing below contains two dimensions (2-Ø2.30 and 4-Ø0.92) that I can't make heads or tails of. I have spent quite a while researching mechanical dimensional and tolerance conventions ...
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3answers
991 views

PCB enclosure tolerances [closed]

I can imagine problems of PCBs not fitting into their enclosures or misaligned screw/hole pairs. Are these type of problems common, especially with the dirt cheap enclosures? I am planning to use one ...
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0answers
57 views

Circuits that take advantage of tolerances in components

Bit of a wordy question title... I was trying to simulate an astable multivibrator the other night and the simulation refused to run. I eventually realised that because the simulation assumes perfect ...
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1answer
123 views

Identification of 5 band Resistor from power supply

This Resistor is not functioning The 4th band is Gold, I've read that means it's an exception. The 3rd looks to me as silver, not gray, this is why I've added a picture. I'd like to replace it, so ...
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2answers
395 views

Confusion with the meaning of a component tolerance in terms of accuracy and standard deviation

As far as I understand a component's tolerance relates the difference between the actual component value and the value given on the data sheet. If a 1k Ohm resistor have ±5% tolerance, is this 5% ...
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2answers
341 views

Electrolytic Capacitor Tolerances

Recently I went to order a set of these 100uF electrolytic capacitors with 10% tolerance, needed for impedance balance for an audio output. When I noticed they were out of stock, I decided to order a ...
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2answers
67 views

Why do I read resistance on the continuity setting but not on the resistance setting?

Disclaimer: Newbe A multimeter tutorial on Youtube said that to test my washing machine inlet valve solenoid for continuity I can use either the lowest ohms setting (200 on my DT830B) or the ...
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4answers
360 views

Jitter in 'ppm' and 'ns'

In many datasheets clock tolerance is in ppm and in some other it is in ns or ps. What is the difference in giving clock tolerance in ppm and ns/ps. How it can be converted from one unit to another?
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171 views

What does the tolerance mean for the 0 ohm resistor

What actually is the percentage tolerance if resistor is 0 ohm?
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0answers
65 views

Should I be conservative about setting the output voltage of the CV phase of Li-Ion charging

Background My application features a Li-Ion battery (NCR18650B) which I'm charging with the standard CC/CV method. Various constraints force me to use a generic buck converter (with current limiter) ...
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1answer
445 views

Estimating gain tolerance

Estimate the gain tolerance (+/- X%) of the non-inverting amplifier in Fig. 3 assuming that the tolerance is solely determined by the errors in the resistor values. Only resistors involved in the gain ...
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1answer
37 views

Maximum tolerance for a loop trace-antenna's capacitor

While going through the document at https://www.silabs.com/documents/public/application-notes/AN639.pdf I have read from "Figure 13. Loop Antenna Simulated Mag(Zin) vs. CP1" below that even a 2% ...
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0answers
36 views

Parameter tolerance estimation with non-pure ratios

I am trying to estimate the exact tolerance of a simple circuit, consisting of an op-amp based, inverting comparator with hysteresis. This is the schematic (electronic-tutorials.ws) For which I ...
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3answers
2k views

Why are resistors tolerances relative instead of absolute?

Every resistor has a tolerance, this provides the user with an idea of the accuracy of the product. This tolerance is represented by a percentage. This means: a big value resistor will be less ...
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1answer
2k views

How to calculate aging tolerance of Resistor?

I wanted to calculate the worst case minimum and maximum value of Resistor 1K by considering all the tolerances(initial tolerance,temperature,environmental factors and aging). Here is the link for ...
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3answers
178 views

Cheap precision sense resistor

I need a precision low value sense resistor to make current measurements e.g. 10R 0.01R. Looking for precise resistors e.g. Vishay, show that these are expensive e.g. $35 for a single 0.001-0.005% ...
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2answers
457 views

What is life tolerance of a resistor?

Is anyone familiar with the term "life tolerance of a resistor" ? I could not find a good read in google. Any link with the explanation will be sufficient.
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54 views

Capacitor tolerance at high frequencies

I was measuring a 10pF 0603 +-5% (Johanson 251R14S100JV4S) using a network analyzer at 319.5MHz. The cap came in their high q/low ESR ceramic kit. It measured about 10.7pF. But after measuring a few ...
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1answer
35 views

Constant current circuitry tolerance dependency

I have the below given circuitry. The circuit provides ( 12 - 3.3 = 8.7 V) 8.7 V / R3 of current. My specific question: What is the effect of PNP transistor on the variation of current? Until ...
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1answer
112 views

How many bins can I code using a resistor on an ADC

I have a device that can have different things plugged into it. I'm trying to use a resistor on these things to uniquely identify the thing. That is, if I plug in Thing A, I can read the resistance as ...
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3answers
68 views

How much can a power brick safely vary from what the device it's used with expects? [duplicate]

How much can a power brick safely vary from what the device it's used with expects? As an example, let's say I have a device that needs an AC=>DC power brick. The device expects 19V/1.58A, but the ...
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6answers
1k views

What is the (most likely) technical reason behind temperature specifications?

Im talking about electronic devices, which may be handheld or similar, so nothing exposed to "artificial" temperature (welding, soldering, cooling with liquid gas). Devices designed to be operated by (...
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2answers
295 views

Component has a x% tolerance: What does this mean exactly?

All components have specification tolerances and ranges. Some examples are:- Resistor 1% Electrolytic capacitor 20% Zener diode breakdown voltage 5% Clearly it kinda indicates that the ...
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1answer
228 views

What capacitor types perfom best for large-value signal path applications?

Most signal path/timing capacitors are of stable types such as film or C0G ceramic. However, size and cost force an upper limit on this -- C0G caps out at 10-100nF, while film caps can manage up to 1-...
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1answer
250 views

Problem with accuracy of AD633 multiplier

I have 3pcs of AD633 chips, and the accuracy should be ±1% (typical), ±2% (max) according to datasheet. I wired it like this: I tried several input voltages, but it seems, that output is still way ...
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2answers
944 views

4-bit bus address selection via analog input pin: Monte Carlo simulation shows overlapping address values

I designed a small sensor PCB for my master thesis with an ATtiny44 microcontroller. I need about 200 of these boards for my application and 16 are always locally connected to controller board. The ...
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2answers
625 views

Transformer tolerances?

How much can a transformer go without a failure? For example, let's say that a transformer is designed to work with 500mA. (obviously you should avoid exceeding this limit) But as I learned with ...
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5answers
1k views

Rules for choosing power rating of a resistor

Let's say we're designing a system, and within it we have some resistor \$R\$ with a voltage difference \$V\$ across its terminals. Then it dissipates power \$P = V^2 / R \$. Of course the resistor ...
33
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8answers
6k views

Are two (or N) resistors in series more precise than one big resistor?

Let's say I have one 2 kΩ resistor with 5% tolerance. If I replace it with two 1 kΩ resistors with 5% tolerance, will resulting tolerance go up, down, or remain unchanged? I'm bad with ...
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2answers
286 views

Total Tolerance of an Electonic Circuit

I am trying to evaluate a circuit with a lot of parts given their associated tolerances and I'm really struggling. For the electronic parts with 2% tolerance I am guessing the values are to ...
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5answers
1k views

Statistical accuracy of multiple resistors in series or parallel

I'm having a senior moment and would appreciate clarity. I'm working on an inverting amplifier design where I need to add low-pass filtering and a voltage clamp. Without the filtering and clamp, the ...
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2answers
404 views

Replace Tight Capacitors for Better Tolerance?

There are some capacitors (10 \micro F and 4.7 \micro F) which are limiting my development of Raspberry Pi Hats because they are provided only with tolerance of 10% or greater. It seems that the ...
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2answers
114 views

Do photodiodes have tolerances?

Below is the beginning schematic for a circuit I'm working on. We have a previous revision of that product (Rev A), and two sets of recent product (Rev B1 and B2). Rev B1 was made 2 weeks prior to Rev ...
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1answer
2k views

Tolerance of a ceramic capacitor

I have a ceramic capacitor that reads "101 Suntan" (and nothing else.) Reading up on how to interpret capacitor labels, I believe this capacitor is 100pF. I'm having difficulties trying to determine ...
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1answer
82 views

Toubleshooting PCB circuit - strange Zener diode behaviour

I have two units of a device which I shall call deviceA and deviceB. DeviceB is malfunctioning. Therefore I compared the resistance values of the same components on the boards of both deviceA and ...
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1answer
756 views

4/5 band resistor - extra black band

I have two resistors which need to be replaced. I tried to determine the value, but it can't make sense of these black bands: For reference the bands are: brown - silver - green - brown - black ...
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3answers
3k views

Can I use a 5% tolerance resistor instead of a 10% tolerance resistor?

can I use a 5% tolerance resistor instead of a 10% tolerance resistor? It is for an organ from the 60's. All resistors stated in Schematics are 10% 1/2 watt. But I can't find a 6.8k 1/2watt 10% ...
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0answers
897 views

differential amplifier inaccuracy resistors exercise to calculate CMRR

The common mode gain for a differential amplifier in the general case is: $${V_o \over V_c }={ R_1R_4-R_2R_3 \over R_1(R_3 + R_4) }$$ simulate this circuit – Schematic created using CircuitLab ...
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6answers
3k views

Resistors - binning and weird distributions

I read about a little quirk related to binning resistors in a comment on this recent question. Some manufacturers will sell, for example, 1% and 5% resistors that are really made in the same batch. ...
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10answers
9k views

Can a 10% resistor be used as a 1% resistor?

If my schematic calls for a 1% resistor, can I use a 10% resistor that measures to the correct resistance within 1% or is there some quality to tolerance beyond what it measures Ohm-wise? For example,...
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6answers
6k views

Resistor Tolerance - are measured resistor with the same value but different tolerances the same?

Probably a real newbie question but I can't seem to find an answer easily... If I have 2 resistors both 1K but one is a 1% tolerance and the other is 10% and I measure them and they are the same. Let'...
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2answers
8k views

Parts tolerance simulations in ltspice

I just recently found this tutorial (and various other places mentioning a similar technique) when trying to evaluate how one of my circuits behaves when using real world components with real world ...
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2answers
3k views

5v tolerance on 3.3v PIC

Many PIC microcontrollers such as PIC24EP512GU810 have 5V tolerant pins. My question is how does this work. Do these devices have clamping diodes for ESD protection? Would clamping the input voltage ...
2
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1answer
339 views

PCB mounting - flatness

Let's say I have a square PCB with mounting holes near each corner and that the PCB will be mounted to an enclosure with 4 standoffs. Is there a rule of thumb about how much tolerance I can have on ...
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1answer
2k views

PCIe add-in card thickness tolerance

I can't find a tolerance measurement for the 62 mils thickness specified in the PCIe electromechanical spec. How much leeway do I have for board thickness in an add-in card. Additional details: I'm ...
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9answers
5k views

Reducing the tolerance of resistors manually

All the resistors available come with a finite amount tolerance. This is undesirable particularly in highly sensitive systems. While we can use resistors with the least tolerance available, I want to ...
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2answers
1k views

5V Tolerance of 3.3V OUTPUT pin

Let's assume the following scenario: uC (@3.3V VDD) drives an I/O pin HIGH 3.3V (just to be clear, it's not an open-drain pin, so the p-channel mosfet of the output pin is actually driving the pin to ...