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Questions tagged [trace]

Lanes of copper on a printed circuit board, for carrying current or signals between pads

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1answer
44 views

Serpentine PCB heater size calculation

So, I'm kinda new to the field and the time has come to design my first PCB heater. The main concept is to drive it using a Raspberry Pi and a temperature sensor as feedback. Here is the whole ...
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1answer
40 views

Separation of same layer traces

I've seen this capacitor: https://api.kemet.com/component-edge/download/datasheet/C0603C221JDGACAUTO.pdf It is a 0603 capacitor with a 1000VDC rating. As I am familiar with IPC2221, this did not ...
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1answer
75 views

How can I determine the best trace width for my pcb?

In my project I use 2 external layers in air. How ever in my circuit the maximal current (Imax) in transient mode is about 70A and in steady sate it gets to 12A. My question is, how can I know for ...
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1answer
54 views

Altium Trace, Silkscreen not solid ie only showing outline

Whilst working with Room Copy key command (D-M-C) I have inadvertently changed something which has resulted in my traces and overlays showing as their outline only. Does anyone know what I've done to ...
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0answers
46 views

Different trace width signal transmission line

I have a really basic question. I am wondering what happens physically with the signal, if I have a change in a trace width (see picture below). My point of view is that you have a reflection of the ...
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3answers
204 views

STM32 (SWD) printf not working

I'm new using STM32 microcontrollers, I have been trying to use the printf tracing in my code without success, anything is printed on the console. I can start a debug session, I can place breakpoints ...
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1answer
90 views

Traces over ground plane [duplicate]

Sometimes it cannot be avoided to run traces over a ground plane (bottom layer) in a two layer PCB. I have two questions regarding this: In the (simplified) example below, what is preferred? To use ...
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1answer
58 views

Vias or traces through two pins of e.g. resistors on a PCB?

I made the design below in KiCad. It's for me a test to see if I can solder SOT23, 0604, 0805 and 1205 components. Someone said it is not a good idea to make traces between two pins of a component (...
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0answers
34 views

Learning designing a Arduino pcb, doubt about USB traces

what consideration should I have for the USB section. How do correctly the usb traces? What means this curves? This is my reference schematic and due board. Thanks
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0answers
19 views

CAN Bus Isolated Ground Trace Layout

I'm using an ADM3053 isolated CAN transceiver in my design, which, due to layout constraints, is located ~6" away from the board CAN connector. The CAN_H and CAN_L traces are routed as a 100Ohm ...
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1answer
41 views

How critical is it for SN65HVD1780DR A/B Differential signal lines to have matched trace length?

How critical is it for the A/B differential signal lines of SN65HVD1780DR to have matched trace lengths on PCB?
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2answers
234 views

Reduce impedance for power traces of a decoupling Cap when ground planes are not directly under

I am using an SHTC3 temp and humid sensor to send readings using I2C lines to the MCU. Based on the datasheet for SHTC3 to make sure the sensor is reading ambient temp without the interference of the ...
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3answers
212 views

Surge Current on PCB

When designing a PCB, do you need to worry about the inrush/surge current or just the continuous/RMS current on the board? Everything I have seen including IPC documentation is for continuous current....
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4answers
583 views

Beyond what is recommended by fabricators, how far should traces be from SMD pads?

Having followed a fabricator's DRC (this case being OSHPark), this distance between an SMD pad and a trace is considered acceptable (see attached images). However, I wanted to inquire about what the ...
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2answers
712 views

PCB Trace Repair (Need to keep track shape?)

Need to repair a trace on my PCB. The burnt trace has a hairpin turn on it. Instead of following the same hairpin shape, can I just bridge across the undamaged points at the bottom? And also, the ...
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2answers
211 views

Why sometimes some PCB designer add extra traces to connect two pin to each other?

I've checked a PCB board which has designed by very famous company and I saw something weird.They connected two pin to each other 2 times and from the top and the bottom of the board I am going to ...
2
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2answers
106 views

Replacing burnt traces

I have a tiny PCB that I've been working on and off of for a while now. I received it with leaking batteries, and it had corroded some of the traces off the board. Most recently, I tried redrawing the ...
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1answer
454 views

Routing large RF trace to small SMD pad

I am designing an RF board in Altium where due to the dielectric selected and its thickness, the trace width for a 50 ohm characteristic impedance is thicker than some of the SMD component pads. What ...
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2answers
427 views

Routing thick high current traces to small SMD pads?

What is the best practice for routing high current traces through the pads of small 0603 components? I have a wide high current trace which that passes through a 0603 decoupling capacitor. Initially ...
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0answers
210 views

wiring for an APC transformer

I have a transformer that was salvaged from an APC battery backup. I googled all the numbers, I found only one that was similar, but not enough. From what I understand, the middle wire is typically ...
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3answers
582 views

Minimum PCB Trace width with SMD components and Autorouter problem

I would like to receive some suggestions from you about the trace width for my PCB. I'm using some SMD components (ATmega328p TQFP32 and FT232), the main power is 5VDC at maximum 2A. I use also a ESP ...
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0answers
35 views

Analogue Video Trace Matching

I'm working on an analogue audio, video and sync board for my Dreamcast. Something I've been wondering about is the tolerance for analogue video, specifically RGB, in regards to the delta for trace ...
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3answers
179 views

How to fix incorrect routing to SMD transistor terminals

I've got a doozy of a situation: On this circuit I had made, I routed an IRL530N D2Pak transistor with Source and Gate switched....the large heat pad should be the gate input, but instead I routed it ...
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0answers
47 views

Antenna trace 135 degree bending

I designing PCB for SIM7600CE with space constraint.Here, I placing filter matching and the antenna section through 135 degree angle traces (GREEN MARKING).Is it Okay?Can I have any PCB guidelines? ...
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6answers
5k views

Is it OK to route a trace through a pad?

Will I have any trouble routing the traces in this way? (VCC and GND) Is it OK considering that the entire circuit current is under 50mA?
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1answer
110 views

DDR Trace Length Inside Package from Simulation Model

The DDR4 in question is a Micron MT40A512M16JY. From the vendor site, you can get the datasheets, specs, sim models. I assume from the sim models you should be able to see the trace length of each ...
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1answer
147 views

DDR3 trace length: need a confirmation

I am reading JEDEC DDR3 specification, and so many other documents on DDR3 guidelines. Before I move to pcb prototyping, I just need a confirmation. I connected all my lines, respected the grouping, ...
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0answers
37 views

Slewed fpga drive rise time on pcb to enet phy

What can cause rise times to be slewed from an fpga to an enet Phy? Can it be trace capacitance? This is a high density 14 layer board . Traces route from fpga to ribbon connector, along a short ...
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0answers
40 views

Faster 8051 not taking the slower 8051 pin status correctly

I'm trying to do a rather simple data transaction between two 8051 microcontrollers using a variant of the SPI protocol. The large one is a slave and the small one is a master. The documentation for ...
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1answer
35 views

Antenna CPW internal layer

I see on the internet showing CPW( coplanar waveguide) always placed on TOP layer with ground underneath. This is what I usually do. Is it possible to place a CPW in an internal layer? if so what ...
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0answers
109 views

How far away can DDR3 memory be placed from the SoC?

I thought of an idea where i have a pcb with a soc on it, and a seperate one with the DDR3 memory that can snap into each other. This way i can replace or debug specefic parts of the system and have e....
2
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1answer
87 views

How to set the width of all the traces together to the desired value before using autoroute option in Autodesk Eagle?

How to set the width of all the traces together to the desired value before using autoroute option in Autodesk Eagle? every time I use autoroute, the trace width is by default set to 0.0154mm. I have ...
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1answer
442 views

Is there available differential impedance calculation for this stripline configuration?

I am trying to calculate the differential impedance of a differential pair in a 4-layer PCB as follows: Layer: Low speed signal Layer: Power plane Layer: Differential pair Layer: Ground plane I am ...
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0answers
72 views

Oscilloscope Trace Appear Delayed

I saw a thing on my GDS-1052-U oscilloscope: if I set the time base to 25mS/div there appear a delay of the signal on the screen. So, when I rotate the knob for the time base to 25mS/div, there is a ...
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1answer
297 views

How can I account for package trace length in KiCAD?

The documentation I got for the MCU provides "package trace length" (in micrometers) as well as "package trace delay" (in picoseconds). For example like this - 6535.15 um package trace length for M_DQ[...
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2answers
1k views

thickest pcb track before hitting ridiculousness in digital circuits

Ok, you can call me ridiculous. But, When I make PCB's, I learned myself to get into a habit into making thick PCB traces for every wire including those that others would use maybe a 5 - 8mil width. ...
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3answers
845 views

Is it okay to use wider trace than actually required while designing a PCB?

I used eagle to recently, design a board with all trace widths 30 mills except a few as 20 mills. I actually didn't require traces this wide and 15 mills would probably have been enough. Does this ...
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4answers
1k views

Is it bad to run traces directly over each other on separate layers?

A bit new to PCB design, I have to run two traces between two pins, and the best way I can think of is to have one trace go to the bottom layer through a via and then run directly under the top layer ...
1
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1answer
175 views

Traces across transmission line

I am designing a PCB which has a chip antenna with a coplanar wave guide. Having a 4-layer PCB (stackup layer: rf signal, GND, POWER, signal) can I run traces across the antenna transmission line on ...
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0answers
597 views

PCB trace width / via size calculator for intermittent signals

Somewhat a duplicate of Can a PCB trace support peak currents? Are there rules of thumb for a PCB designer to compensate the output of via / trace width calculators to account for cases where the ...
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2answers
41 views

While performing the controlled impedance routing what about the current flowing through it?

While calculating the conductor impedance the parameters that we consider are the conductor width, conductor thickness, frequency & substrate parameters. For achieving the particular impedance ...
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0answers
51 views

Query relate to rf impedance matching

I am into RF design and I have some queries related to impedance matching and trace. We had an RF module and the module was connected to an antenna through a single trace with no LC components in ...
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2answers
2k views

Is there an ideal PCB trace width for data lines?

For a 1oz FR-4 PCB, is there an ideal PCB trace width for data lines? For power supplies, I realize wider is usually better, and power planes are preferred. But what about data lines? Is narrower ...
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3answers
1k views

50 Ohm Single Ended Signal Impedances on PCBs

I have a basic understanding of transmission line theory and how 50ohm traces are designed on a PCB. I was wondering what the origin of this 50ohm impedance is. Are single ended digital signals on ICs ...
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2answers
157 views

BGA break out and impedance control

I'm connecting two BGAs (0.8mm pitch) which are DDR3 signals. Vendor recommends 40 and 80 ohm for SE and diff traces. My PCB manufacturer suggests the following specifications for the diff traces: <...
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0answers
400 views

PCB trace caps (a.k.a. finger / interdigital caps) formula

I am trying to calculate a two-fingered, both on the same layer, capacitor. I have run into a few papers on it but they are taking a ground plane on the other side of the PCB into consideration and ...
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0answers
221 views

PCB trace is 50 ohms, for reflection can we detect the discontinuity point?

all, I've searched some information but still have questions. If it is all impedance control from the whole trace (driver -- PCB trace - device input), does this mean no any reflection in the real ...
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2answers
5k views

Why is length matching important for high-speed signals?

Broadly speaking, I understand that PCB trace length matching is important from signal timing and signal integrity point of view, but I want to know some more specifics about these two parameters and ...
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1answer
85 views

IC Pins with adjacent same net need to be made as common shape?

Attached is the layout I am working on. Please see the yellow circled area. It is a common net. I have kept it as separate trace in the layout for each pin. Is there any advantage by providing shape ...
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1answer
224 views

10BASE-T Layout Guidelines

How critical are parameters like trace length matching, differential impedance, vias, etc. when designing a 10BASE-T only application? I know that due to the reduced frequency, there is a larger ...