Questions tagged [vacuum-tube]

Any device that incorporates an evacuated chamber in which free-floating electrons are manipulated.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
-2
votes
1answer
69 views

Replacing X-ray or any radiation generating vacuum tubes with solid-state alternatives? [duplicate]

What are the reasons X-ray vacuum tubes could not be replaced by solid state alternatives? I'm thinking if it is possible to make a compact solid-state X-ray or higher energy photons generator just ...
2
votes
1answer
64 views

Which ground plane shape is more appropriate in my application?

I've been working on re-making the two PCBs in the HP 211A square-wave generator from 1955, as the traces on the one I own are starting to peel off. Focusing on one board, the multivibrator, for the ...
3
votes
5answers
404 views

Can a lower voltage overheat a magnetron?

Background I am working on a microwave oven that starts to emit an odor after 2 minutes of full heating despite otherwise working correctly. The smell is the same as that "sweet", ...
0
votes
2answers
61 views

Why does triode voltage drop change as a function of grid voltage?

Imagine a thermionic diode connected in series with a resistor \$R\$. The circuit is hooked up to a voltage source \$V\$. The diode conducts a certain current \$I\$ and \$\Delta V_\text{diode}\ + \...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

What Causes Voltage Drop In A Vacuum Tube Diode

This question is about the voltage drop across a vacuum tube diode. Consider a circuit that consists of a battery, a vacuum tube diode, and a resistor all wired in series. My understanding is that, at ...
2
votes
3answers
201 views

Why most particle accelerators used vacuum diodes instead of transistors?

HERMES III (High Energy Radiaton Megavolt Electron Source) at the Sandia at Sandia National Laboratories is the world's most powerful gamma ray generator. HERMES-III produces a highly energetic beam ...
5
votes
3answers
146 views

Amplifiers without vacuum tubes or transistors?

Are there amplifiers that can work without vacuum tubes or transistors? Is it possible to create a working amp with high power without vacuum tubes or transistors?
0
votes
1answer
51 views

Photo-multiplier Tube Pin Configuration

Pin configuration of a photo-multiplier tube (PMT) is presented in its manual as can be seen in the attached image. All dynodes have been related to specified pins (numbered circles in the image) ...
1
vote
2answers
33 views

Biasing network for phototubes and photomultipliers

I have some doubts about typical biasing network for vacuum phototubes and photomultipliers. Precisely, let's start by a simple photocathode. I have seen some biasing network like this one: In this ...
1
vote
0answers
58 views

Guitar Amp Power Supply Issues

I have a B-52 AT100 guitar amp on my bench (naturally, it wouldn't let me attach the .pdf I have of the schematic, so I had to attach it as two .jpegs. The schematic can easily be found online though, ...
14
votes
1answer
267 views

Why is there a winding on a capacitor?

I just came across this tube RIAA preamp on which there is a coil on the input capacitor, can someone please explain what's the reason of such thing? The schematic and the actual circuit bellow. The ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Insane power dissipation on EL34 tubes in push-pull power stage

Here's my circuit: (now without voltages) It uses two EL34s biased to -30V (fixed bias). Here's the loadline (made with this calculator): When no signal is applied voltage on EL34 anodes is 360V, as ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

How to detect if vacuum tube is overdriven?

I want to somehow indicate(with LED diode for example) to user when vacuum tube is overdriven (When grid voltage is greater or equal than cathode voltage). My first idea was to connect a LED diode ...
1
vote
3answers
80 views

Plate current use of 12Ax7 vacuum tube at low voltage

Does anyone know the current used by at 12Ax7 (or similar) vacuum tube when in normal (triode) operation using a plate voltage no more than 10VDC? I'm not considering the heater current (~300mA at 6....
0
votes
1answer
87 views

Headroom of cathodyne phase inverter (in vacuum tube amplifier)

I know that gain of cathodyne is almost 1, so if it's going to produce 12V peak output, it has to take 12V peak input. However, if the bias is set to something like (-)1-1.5V, then peak voltage of ...
5
votes
4answers
2k views

In a parallel plate capacitor, how does placing a metal in between the plates reduce the capacitance?

This source claims that putting a metal plate in between the capacitor plates greatly reduces the capacitance. How is this possible? Two equal capacitances in series decreases the capacitance by ...
2
votes
3answers
122 views

Lighting up old vacuum tubes and making them turn on/off

I know there were older posts about lighting up old vacuum tubes but I would also like to turn them on and off. I am a complete newbie with no real electronic experience here so please bear with me. ...
4
votes
2answers
209 views

Low power tube headphone amplifier design

I have never worked or even listened to tubes/valves before, so its about time I did. I wanted a simple design to work with being my first tube project, and have found this from diyaudioprojects.com: ...
1
vote
0answers
72 views

Fuzzy digits when driving with TPIC6B595

I designed a schematic and PCB of a simple Nixie clock and I hope that someone will be able to explain what's happening. The problem is that when I'm driving the cathodes with TPIC6B595 shift ...
0
votes
0answers
122 views

How close can an output transformer be to a preamp tube?

Imagine a layout for a tube amplifier. The power transformer is on one side, and the output transformer, input jack, and preamp tubes are on the other side. (Take a look at the Soldano SLO for example)...
3
votes
4answers
2k views

Measuring voltage across 1 ohm resistor

This might be a very stupid question, but I can't seem to figure this out and I'm going nuts thinking about it. Assuming you are trying to adjust the fixed bias of a tetrode push pull pair in a tube ...
1
vote
1answer
348 views

Is there a chart that translates old tube symbol to the new tube symbol [closed]

Im looking for a chart that helps you translates the old tube symbol into the updated format.
1
vote
6answers
276 views

Magnetron Working Principle

I was reading this simple description of magnetron working principle. Can you explain me why when electrons go near the cavities, they start to resonate at microwave frequency? I do not see the link ...
3
votes
2answers
159 views

Fixing an old radio [closed]

I am trying to fix an old radio that my girlfriend just bought. It's from around 1964. I'm just a normal electrician and I am not used to fixing things like this. Radio model: Huldra 7-45 Skapmodell ...
0
votes
1answer
61 views

Calculating Capacitance / Rolloff Frequency for Across the Line RFI Supression

I’m in the process of restoring my first All American Five (AA5) tube radio – in this case, a GE Model 115 from the late 1940s. As I’m getting ready to order replacement capacitors for it, one of ...
0
votes
1answer
162 views

Heating vacuum tube filament via capacitor

As I understand vacuum tubes (like triode / pentode) usually are designed to be heated with certain current through the filament. And usually it is about low-voltage and comparatively high-current. E....
6
votes
2answers
321 views

Troubleshooting Hum in a Tube Guitar Amp

I have a Fender Deluxe Reverb Reissue guitar amplifier that hums whenever I turn on the reverb. It sounds like loud 60 cycle hum. The reverb effect is still applied, but is accompanied by the hum. ...
2
votes
1answer
515 views

Tube Transmitter Issues

I'm back working on my friend's 807 tube transmitter. I've had some previous posts on this and I'd like to thank all the people who responded for your help! I bought an oscilloscope and a dummy load ...
0
votes
2answers
125 views

Electrodes and number of pins in vacuum tubes

I am confused regarding the terminology 'diodes', 'triodes' etc and the number of pins in these elements. If a diode has a cathode, an anode, and a supplementary anode (the control grid or plate) and ...
-1
votes
2answers
106 views

How to obtain 360vdc from 240vac for audio use without a transformer?

I'm in the process of creating a tube guitar amplifier with an output power of ~6w (fender vibrochamp AA764) which requires the use of 360-400vdc. How could I obtain such a voltage from mains without ...
1
vote
1answer
204 views

Why would a tube radio leave the 6.3V heater tap on the transformer disconnected?

I'm attempting to repair a Clarion C104 tube radio. I started the repair years ago, put it away, and now I'm giving it another attempt. When I started the repair, the transformer (Clarion part no. C80-...
10
votes
4answers
2k views

In a vacuum triode, what prevents the grid from acting as another anode?

A triode vacuum tube has three electrodes, namely an anode, a cathode and a control grid in between of those. Assuming that the filament is hot, current would readily flow from the cathode into the ...
0
votes
1answer
91 views

+/- 96 V transformer less power supply design

I know this is a dangerous practice, but obtaining a transformer to make a vacuum tube power supply in my country is prohibitively expensive. So i have to go for transformer less psu. I am just making ...
1
vote
1answer
273 views

tube amp - high power supply voltage ?! troubleshooting

So I started working with troubleshooting a channel imbalance on the schematic attached, 12ax7 + 6L6GC push pull. But the problem seems to be a bit different... My voltages seem to be a bit hot!! (a ...
0
votes
1answer
319 views

Triode Regenerative Receiver Circuit - room for improvement and possible errors

I've designed this radio circuit, it's made to work on the 80m and maybe 40m band. Regen is controlled using a pot in the tickler coil. Tube is ECF82, coil is air cored on a 30mm former. Will it be ...
6
votes
2answers
955 views

Tube transmitter tuning

I am trying to tune/tweak/repair this transmitter for a friend of mine. It is oscillating, and it has rf power on the antenna, but it just doesn't seem as "strong" as it should be. The diagram says ...
0
votes
1answer
96 views

Tube transmitter plate current meter question

Can I install the mA meter in this schematic directly in the circuit? This is the high voltage plate supply and there is RF on it. The diagram doesn't specify if there is any circuitry to adapt the ...
0
votes
2answers
333 views

3.5 MHz 2W AM vaccum tube transmitter [closed]

What do you think of my 80m band radio transmitter I designed? Originally I though about using an Armstrong oscillator, due to its simplicity and sine wavyness, but I heard that crystals are better, ...
0
votes
2answers
83 views

Phase splitters/inverters using valves with directly-heated cathodes

I'm building an audio amplifier using Raytheon 6418 valves and I'm struggling with the phase splitter. The 6418 has a directly-heated cathode and I'm wondering what limitations this might introduce. ...
-1
votes
1answer
409 views

Little Bear T11 tube phono pre-amp VACUUM TUBE upgrading

I have a Little Bear T11 vacuum tube phonograph pre-amp. It has three Shuguang 6N2-J "Military Grade" vacuum tubes which I want to upgrade. The pre-amp also has a Chinese made 6z4-J Rectifier. The amp ...
4
votes
3answers
334 views

Coloured coating within CRT

I have noticed that a lot of CRTs have a coloured coating inside of them that would appear to have practical purpose other than maybe protecting the aquadag. Paints and plastics tend to be avoided in ...
1
vote
3answers
256 views

Vacuum tube stereo amplifiers with an odd number of tubes

While researching the world of vacuum tube audio amps, I noticed that many commercially available stereo amps have an odd number of tubes. Here's a random example. How can a decoupled stereo sound be ...
1
vote
1answer
284 views

Power transformer question in vacuum tube circuit

I am having trouble wrapping my brain around this power transformer circuit. I must be missing something very fundamental, so I apologize in advance for that. Can someone explain to me why the center ...
1
vote
0answers
177 views

Vacuum tube voltage regulator - capacitor on the output

I'm thinking about building a tube-based voltage regulator to provide the power for the screen grids of the output tubes. I have seen multiple designs of this and am currently thinking of doing it ...
0
votes
2answers
144 views

Diode on op-amp output to drive tube

I am working on a tube based guitar amplifier, and found an interesting schematic online. There is an op-amp that has diodes across a resistor in the feedback path. I understand what it makes the op-...
0
votes
2answers
308 views

Modify a 1629 magic eye tube circuit to a 6E5S tube?

I've an EICO 950B capacitance tester with me. It has an aging 1629 magic eye tube. I have a bunch of 6E5S tube with me. Can you guys guide me with the modification? I know the first step to this is ...
0
votes
3answers
308 views

Why do tube amplifiers have such (relatively) small reservior capacitors?

In learning about guitar amps, I've been studying the schematics for solid state and tube amplifiers, and I found a pattern that I've never seen an explanation for. If you consider any of the main ...
13
votes
4answers
2k views

Why put a step-down transformer after a vacuum tube in an a valve amplifier?

I'm researching valve amplifiers. I found this schematic for one: So the input is amplified by the first valve, and then the amplified signal is amplified again by the second valve, right? My ...
1
vote
0answers
236 views

Magic Eye Tuning Tube Variable Negative Voltage

I am thinking about several applications of magic eye tuning tubes as display pieces and had a question about their operation. I have attached a sample circuit from a datasheet for an EM84 tube. I ...
0
votes
1answer
209 views

Is it normal for the OC2 vacuum tubes to glow bright orange during operation & OA2 to flicker while running?

I just got this vintage Heathkit IO-10 oscilloscope from ebay. Just tried powering it up and it seems to be working fine. But I noticed that the OC2 tube seems to glow very bright orange and the OA2 ...