Questions tagged [velocity]

Velocity is a vector quantity referring to the rate at which an object changes its position.

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2 answers
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Radial velocity of two moving targets [closed]

The radial velocity is the velocity which is in the direction of the connecting line. I would like to find the Doppler frequency of two moving targets, but as you know, this frequency only shows me ...
2 votes
0 answers
56 views

Does a phototransistor have a minimum focal window? - Velocity Measurement of High Speed Object

My goal is to measure the velocity of a moving object that has several different changes in velocity throughout the actuation. I am planning on using a phototransistor to detect black and white lines ...
0 votes
0 answers
36 views

Angular velocity parameter spec from AMS datasheet range units and sensitiviy

I cannot understand this specificaion and hoping someone could explain in detail. I do not particular (atm) care for the Cut Off frequency row, but the rest I do. First I struggle to understand their ...
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0 answers
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Angular displacement and velocity calculation on rocket

We're building an avionic system which will fly onboard on our rocket. And we have IMUs on our avionic system and we want to get angular displacement and velocity values with integrating gyroscope and ...
0 votes
3 answers
154 views

Problem measuring the velocity of a BLDC motor

I'm coding a PIC24FJ256GA106 to make a PIPD velocity control for a BLDC motor by using the Hall sensors instead of back-emf. Currently I can control start, stop and direction of rotation of the motor. ...
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1 vote
1 answer
218 views

Most accurate way to obtain angular velocity from a IMU sensor

I have been using a BNO055 sensor (9° dof IMU) for a project which will use angular velocity to move the mouse cursor on a PC screen. So far, I have gotten quaternion output from the sensor and been ...
0 votes
3 answers
176 views

How fast is DC current/voltage?

The standard way to calculate the speed of information (current/voltage, EM wave) through a dielectric medium (like PTFE or fiber) is to determine the relative dielectric constant, and compute the ...
-1 votes
2 answers
518 views

Relation of drift velocity and electric field?

So I attached the standard derivation of the relationship between drift velocity and electric field. My problem is: Tau=s/Vd, where s is the mean free path of the electron. Substituting this into the ...
0 votes
1 answer
61 views

Coordination of mechanical and electrical power in electric drives

I want to ask a question to respected specialists in electric drives. It is known that the mechanical power of an electric motor is determined by a simple formula: \${P_{mech}}= M {\omega}\$; ...
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1 vote
2 answers
180 views

How is Gyro drift error related to error in velocity and position?

While reading about IMU on wikipedia I found this about its disadvantages: "A constant error in attitude rate (gyro) results in a quadratic error in velocity and a cubic error growth in position." ...
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0 votes
1 answer
108 views

Calculating RPM from Angular Changes

For a project, I have to determine the RPM of a turning resolver. I can correctly read the angular position of the resolver as as a hex number via an RDC. This number is then converted into a 14-bit ...
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1 vote
2 answers
339 views

How to choose proper power supply for 8 servos on Adafruit shield with Arduino Uno controller

I use Adruino Uno micro-controller powered with USB 5V from PC and Adafruit 16-Channel 12-bit PWM/Servo Shield on it with 1000uF capacitor, powered with 6V 2A power supply. Seems like it is not ...
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0 votes
2 answers
94 views

current speed/flow [closed]

Note my questions are in form of explaining. its because I've scattered information (or assumptions) and it want to link them. that's probably why you can see me explaining to much? Question part: ...
0 votes
1 answer
51 views

Is there a limit for voltage a PM generator gets to based on RPMs?

I build different small PM handcrank generators for fun, Recently I built a single phase generator and printed myself a couple transmissions. Now as far as I know 3 things affect voltage, speed of ...
0 votes
1 answer
176 views

Methods of measuring speed of anemometer

I enjoy DIY, but to keep things simple I purchased an anemometer cupset (3 cups). I feel that a magnetic reed switch would get "bounce" at higher speeds and I was thinking of a disk with a slot, and ...
0 votes
1 answer
44 views

Detecting velocity in a specific threshold [closed]

I have three velocity sensors that are axis in 3D. I would like to know the best method to do basic ON/OFF trigger.. I'm thinking of a hystersis control, is there a method that can detect if the ...
0 votes
1 answer
103 views

Required velocity of each wheel in 3-wheel omni bot [closed]

I'm using a 3-wheeled omni bot which can move in any horizontal direction (example: https://www.robotshop.com/en/3wd-48mm-omni-wheel-mobile-robot.html). Given an object velocity (velocity at which ...
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2 votes
2 answers
2k views

Brushless DC motor problems at high velocities

For a project we use a brushless DC (BLDC) motor. Everything works fine until we tried to reach high velocities. I will first explain my setup, and than explain our problems using some graphs. ...
6 votes
3 answers
2k views

In theory, is the position derived from accelerometer absolute?

I recently found multiple research papers that say that in theory double integral of accelerometer data gives a position of the device. Does that refer to absolute position (like the one given by a ...
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1 vote
1 answer
230 views

How to use VBT-1 vibration sensor? Why the measurement unit is in mm/s?

I need to use this vibration sensor for my project. I'm confused because of the measurement units. Out value of the sensor is in current 0-20mA, which corresponds to 0-25 mm/sec. Why is it being ...
4 votes
1 answer
213 views

How do I determine the curve of the transmission output on a torque-angular velocity graph for a DC motor?

I'm doing a homework problem that involves motor characteristic graphs. For this problem, I have a motor with stall torque of 8 N-cm and a no-load angular velocity of 80 rad/s. The motor powers a 4-...
1 vote
5 answers
510 views

Which hardware to measure velocity via string/wire wheel attatchment?

This is a broad question but I want advice on what type of hardware I should look for to make a device that could measure the velocity of an object attached via a string/wire to some sort of rotary ...
1 vote
2 answers
324 views

How to choose the correct graph

This is a question based on electromagnetism. Screenshot of the question and all the necessary stuffs are given below, This is the figure , And the choices that are given, First choice Second ...
4 votes
2 answers
972 views

Estimation of swimmer's velocity from IMU sensor

I am dealing with the problem of estimation the swimmer's velocity. In the same time data from IMU sensor and tethered system are acquired. Data from tethered system are reference data. From IMU ...
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0 votes
1 answer
1k views

Electron speed in resistors

What affects the speed of electrons in a resistor? If two resistors are connected in series, they both have the same current ; same amount of electrons passing at a point per second. Then if one ...
3 votes
2 answers
738 views

Confused on MOSFET terms (velocity limited, mobility limited, constant mobility)

So we're learning about transistors, but we don't much of the physics behind how they work (yet) so these terms are quite strange to me. The models we've used are "velocity limited", "mobility limited"...
4 votes
3 answers
4k views

How to measure propagation velocity through a trace on a pcb?

With a pcb in hand, how to measure the propagation velocity of a path from point A to point B, with accuracy in the picoseconds range?
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5 votes
5 answers
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Most small / cost effective way to detect changes in altitude?

I want to make a device, which when placed on someone skiing or snowboarding, will be able to tell whether that person is sliding down the slope. The problem is two-fold. I must first detect whether ...
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0 votes
2 answers
140 views

Looking for a circuit switch operated by velocity

I'm not at all electronically minded, but am looking for a small electronic circuit switch that is operated by velocity. Many years ago, I used to have a Casio watch that had some sort of switch for ...
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4 votes
1 answer
553 views

Doppler shift velocity sensor

Any reasonable priced (sub 20$/100) ways to directly measure indoors velocities between around 0.1 and 15m/s? Its main purpose would be to reduce speed drift for a 9DOF device (acc/gyro,magnetometer)...
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3 votes
2 answers
637 views

A speedometer like chip

Is there a device which acts like an accelerometer but only measures absolute velocity? I could integrate the accelerometer's output but errors quickly accumulate and cause problems. Preferably the ...
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