# Questions tagged [vna]

VNA (Vector Network Analyzer) - Device to measure characteristics of electrical networks

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### Trying to use VNA for impedance analysis

I'm trying to use a Tektronix TTR506A to measure the impedance of a DC bus bar. I have DC blocks in place, and connected to the bus bar in a 2-port configuration. What are the correct formulas to use ...
49 views

### How to interpret s parameters including S21 on Smith chart on VNA display

I'm trying to become re-acquainted with S parameters, VNA, and transmission lines for some projects at work. I'm using Agilent, Advanced Design Simulator, to practice on the computer and to get the ...
68 views

### Impedance matching with complex impedance source

The method/steps to use a VNA to determine a matching network for a 50 Ohm (or whatever impedance) antenna seem mostly clear to me now. My current knowledge assumes though the transceiver (source) is ...
53 views

### How to measure VSWR of a single connector?

With a 2-port VNA, I would like to characterize the performance of a single coax connector, specifically to obtain VSWR. The specific situation is an SMA connector at the end of a short section of ...
120 views

### How to measure S11 of antenna using VNA for one port S-parameter measurement?

I have an antenna. I want to measure S-parameters of it using a network analyzer. I am not clear how to do it. Please explain. Thank you
133 views

### S parameters measurement inside VNA

How does a Vector Network Analyzer (VNA) measure S parameters actually? Namely we have equations: $b_1=S_{11}a_1+S_{12}a_2$ $b_2=S_{12}a_1+S_{22}a_2$ In theory, if i wanted to calculate ...
39 views

### Contribution of solder parasitic to S parameter measurement

I have an antenna. I want to measure S-parameters of it using a network analyzer. The antenna has to be soldered to SMA cable for the measurement of S-parameters. After the calibration, will the ...
26 views

### Permittivity measurement using open-ended coaxial probe

I am trying to understand how the complex permittivity of liquids can be measured using an open-ended coaxial probe. For this kind of measurement, we put a open-ended coaxial line into the liquid ...
100 views

### Why do long cables measured with a VNA show a “drop” in their attenuation curve?

I'm measuring the attenuation of several cables with a VNA (Keysight N5234A). When I measure the attenuation of long cables (10 m, 30 m, 40 m or 50 m) I realize that a "drop" appears at 500MHz (see ...
118 views

### Z=50 and Xs=0 but SWR is not 1.0:1

I measured an antenna with a VNA and differently to all other cases the SWR isn't low as expected. Here are some screenshot showing this: Similar situation, on the same antenna in the same ...
103 views

### Where to connect the VNA during matching network tuning

I'm trying to design the matching network between an antenna and its transmitter, running at 868MHz, as shown below. There's probably about 20mm between the transmitter output and the Pi network. ...
55 views

### S11 parameter measurements of NFC PCB antenna by VNA

I'm trying to measure the S11 parameter of the NFC PCB antenna (actually PCB coil) by VNA. Desired Smith chart pattern is like the below picture (probably with different values, because of different ...
64 views

### S21 VNA Connector & Cable Loss?

I've tuned plenty of RF devices using my VNA for impedance matching. But I've never done an S21 measurement. I have a shielded tent with some connectors and SMA cables that are going to introduce ...
110 views

### Interpreting scattering parameters on a Smith chart.

I'm trying to become reacquainted with microwave circuits and how to analyze them, especially with a VNA. Just to get some practice I'm using Keysite ADS simulator. To get the feel of it I used the ...
41 views

### The meaning and role of the phase in antenna measurements with VNA

VNA measurements of an antenna return Z, RL, Xs, Rs... and also phase. I usually check Z=50 and Xs=0 to reach the max Return Loss and the lowest SWR 1.0:1, without having care of phase values. ...
41 views

### Are Cal Kit (SOLT) definitions unique by serial number?

I have an E5071B Network Analyzer and 85033E cal kit. One of the standards is broken now and needs to be replaced. This is the Male OPEN standard (Part number 85033-60018). Question: Will the ...
32 views

### How do the Ripple Limit lines get determined on antenna measurements?

I'm doing an S21 ripple measurement through a VNA and I understand how the measurement is done, but I don't understand how the limit is determined. I know you can specify the limit in dB and then you ...
162 views

### Connection to PCB from VNA

I currently intend to measure the Plane Capacitance of a PCB I'm going to build. I do have the measuring equipment (an VNA from R&S) but am unsure how to design the testpoints I am going to use (...
342 views

### Measure 4-port device with 2-port VNA

I need to measure a 4-port device (a directional coupler) using a 2-port VNA. This answer covers the basics, and this document goes into more detail. My problem is that I'm not sure how to perform ...
89 views

### How can I design a double pole eight throw microwave (2-6 GHz) switch?

I need to design a DP8T microwave switch for a microwave imaging senior design project. The frequency range is 2 to 6 GHz. I need to switch between 8 antennas and a 2 port VNA. So each antenna ...
360 views

### Measure RF impedance of PCB or IC using a VNA Network Analyzer

I have a VNA and want to measure the impedance looking into my PCB. My VNA is pretty old, it's a 8753ES. My PCB includes a commercial Nordic or Dialog MCU with Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE). The path ...
55 views

### Measuring PSR of a current reference chip

Some Background: I'm designing a test board to characterize noise and PSR of a multiple voltages(1V) and currents(1uA) reference IC. The chip has a single voltage source. I use ultra low noise MUX ...
4k views

### What is wrong with my 50 Ω grounded coplanar waveguide?

I've been working on a 4-layer design built around the EFR32BG13 Bluetooth Low Energy SoC. While trying to measure the impedance of the antenna to build a matching circuit, I discovered that my short ...
94 views

### Current to Voltage Gain using Network Analyzer

Suppose I have an Voltage to Current Amplifier. And I'm characterizing it over a frequency range, can a Network Analyzer directly measure current to voltage gain (Iout/Vin)? (Or) do I have to use a ...
504 views

### VNA calibration using cal kit vs PCB

So, its my understanding that the VNA (vector network analyzer) is designed to inject a known signal into an unknown device and analyze the reflected signal's amplitude and phase (both voltage and ...
49 views

### VNA reflection and transmission of stripline stub

Testing this stub board. I understand S12 is attenuated at 1.79GHz due L=λ/4. So I calculate relative permitivity: εr = (c / 4Lf)2 = 3.3 But what does (εr) represent in a ...
1k views

### How to measure antenna S21?

Please explain in detail how to take an S21 measurement for an antenna? I know what it is... but how do I physically connect the antenna to the VNA to take the measurement? Thank you in advance!
461 views

### Methods for measuring cable path loss in RF Testing

I have been reading about various methods to perform a Cable Path Loss for RF Testing but not being a core RF person, I needed some insights on how it is done in Field or Lab. Here is my understanding ...
366 views

### VNAs and different characteristic impedances

What is the right technique to measure a matching network, cable, etc that is at a different characteristic impedance than 50Ω? In my case, I need to measure the SWR of a matching network that needs ...
76 views

### Measuring small capacitor parallel to big inductance (Network Analyser)

So what I have at hand is a cheap network analyser that can present the measured impedance in form of the values of different equivalent circuit topologies, e.g. R-L series or RL parallel. What I ...
120 views

### Designing a matching network with biasing inductor

I'm designing a 345MHz transmitter using the MAX 7044 ISM transmitter with an electrically small antenna and need to test the matching network. I will connect the VNA in place of the transmitter using ...
274 views

### What options do I have to measure directly impedance change (ohm) or deduce it indirectly from S-Parameters?

Basically I want to measure how impedance (Ohm) relative to Z0 (50 Ohm) waveguide is changing by varying a parameter. I currently measure the reflection coefficient S11 in a 1-port setup. Our VNA can ...