Questions tagged [voltage]

Voltage, otherwise known as electrical potential difference (denoted ∆V and measured in volts) is the difference in electric potential between two points (adapted from Wikipedia). Voltage can be constant (DC) or varying (AC).

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Does my total power supply voltage need to equal the sum of the voltages in my circuit in series?

If I have let’s say, 4 bulbs, each rated at 1.5 volts and they’re all connected in series. Would my battery need to be rated 6 volts? My logic is that each bulb would have a voltage drop of 1.5 volts ...
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What is the flow of current with two parallel voltage sources?

Good day ! I am a physics student and not an EE so I'm quite hesitant with approaching this circuit problem. What will be the equations for this analysis? Will their be current in the red line even ...
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54 views

Circuits with diodes shockley equation

I am using the Shockley model to evaluate the current through a diode and the voltage across it and I have this circuit and this is where I am stuck: simulate this circuit – Schematic created ...
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Formula of ideal diode for dc load line analysis

There is a formula when solving diode circuits with load line analysis which is not the Shockley diode equation but looks like it and it is exponential this is what i can remember about it I am ...
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AC circuit capacitor voltage drop

Suppose we have this circuit: simulate this circuit – Schematic created using CircuitLab Z = 4-3j I = V/Z = 1<0/5<36 = 0.2< -36 A But when I use Ohm's law on the capacitor i get this ...
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2answers
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Search for the most efficient voltage regulator on low current consumption

I'm currently designing a circuit for a long term device that will consume 1-2mA at 3.3V constantly. The system is run with a default lithium polymer battery and I need to get as much time out of it ...
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1answer
32 views

Deactivating RF modulator circuit, should I cut off the supply voltage as well?

I asked a qeustion about this mod I'm doing to my Amiga 1200, but unfortunately I asked two questions at once, and only one question got answered. This is about removing an RF modulator from the ...
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1answer
71 views

Isn't conventional current supposed to go from high potential to low potential ? If yes, then why this rule is not respected in opamp using AC?

First, thank you for reading my post. I'm a beginner in electronics. I learned that conventional current goes from high potential to low potential. It has always worked for me in DC and even AC. But ...
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1answer
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What is the exact meaning of 0.7V voltage drop in a forward-biased diode?

this question is partially (but not totally) discussed here: Why do diodes have a voltage drop? Does the power drop on a diode become entirely heat? The conclusion is that, in a forward-biased diode ...
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Questions about COBs and power supplies from a beginner

I'm planning to use Citizen 1212 COBs, but I don't know how they can be used on 70 watt for each one of them, knowing that each unit will have 5 COBs. So my question is: what is the right power supply ...
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Deactivating RF modulator circuit in an Amiga 1200, minimum required parts to remove, worrying about composite video voltage

I'm currently doing some work on the PCB of my old Amiga 1200. In order to play some games I want to revive it by installing a scandoubler/flickerixer that I bought to basically be able to connect it ...
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DC motor related problem

I am designing a micromachining setup for which I need to supply voltage to the spindle of the dc motor. Will the motor damage if we apply a DC source to the spindle?
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Understanding stepper motor voltage and torque relationship

The specs of this Stepper Motor say at a voltage of 3.36 V and phase current 2.1 A, the maximum holding torque is 65Ncm. I'm confused though as on the datasheet there is no voltage mentioned, only a ...
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Understanding power ratings

So my previous question here confirmed what I thought, to calculate the power dissipated in a component, take the voltage across the device and multiply by the current. But why do some devices have a ...
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2answers
91 views

How do you input the voltage signal to an oscilloscope?

I was watching this tutorial on "analyzing actual Ethernet encoding" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i8CmibhvZ0c&ab_channel=BenEater Orange pair is transmitting data to the oscilloscope ...
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1answer
60 views

Input and Output Voltage of a Full bridge rectifier

I know If we provide a sinusoidal AC Voltage across the Inputs of a full bridge rectifier we get a fluctuating DC Voltage (more or less) with the peaks of source AC Voltage. But what would be the peak ...
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Two phone batteries connected in series not working

I have two, fully charged, 3.7V standard Nokia phone batteries, that I want to connect together to use as a 7.4V battery, I connected the (+) of one to the (-) of the other, and then tested it but it ...
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Modes of operation of P-JFET

I have the conditions of the operation of the N-JFET But I can't understand how we can find the expressions for the P-JFET.Are they opposite?Help appreciated
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Understanding Negative feedback loop circuit with an Ideal Op-Amp

The following is given as an example of a negative feedback loop in my textbook, note that the op-amp is assumed to be ideal. However I do not seem to understand the logic behind this acting as a ...
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Equalizing two DC voltages and combining it [closed]

Actually its my FYP (Final Year Project). It's how to communicate two solar panels in such a way that if one of the solar panel got shadow effect etc. and we get less voltage so we should get the same ...
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1answer
93 views

ESD protection diode required for 1.8V processor pin

I need ESD diode protection for 1.8V processor pin and its absolute max. voltage is 2V. I searched various parts but not available in this 1.8V of ESD protection. So does anyone use the same kind of ...
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2answers
52 views

Input Ripple Voltage and Output Ripple Voltage for Capacitors

I'm working with Buck converters and Boost converters separately. Can someone tell me the reason why the output ripple voltage (and current) exists in the Output Capacitors and how does the input ...
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Is it necessary to connect relay contact at voltage zero?

While disconnecting relay contact, it is recommended that the action should be done at or near current zero. As the contact area decreases rapidly, a spark is generated due to high current density. ...
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JFET question about operation

I have a question about the N-JFET.Assume it operates at the linear region and it acts like a voltage controlled resistor. Can we say that if Vdg(drain-gate voltage) is increased then the resistance ...
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1answer
102 views

Reduce 2.503V regulated voltage by just about 3mV

I have a handful of REF192GP reference voltage sources. They are specified to produce a relatively precise 2.5V. Measuring each device I typically get a few mV higher than 2.5V, for example 2.503V. ...
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1answer
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Is powering a 12v DC motor with 11.1 volts a bad idea? (3 * 18560 battaries)

I am working on an Arduino project where I will be controlling 4 individual 12 volt, 0.71 "Direct Current" DC motors, the arduino will be separately powered with another power supply. I'm ...
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1answer
58 views

H-bridge made of MOSFETs

If we have an H-bridge made of 4 N-MOSFETs, the gate voltage applied to each pair must be different because in an active circuit the sources will have different voltages. How much?
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MOSFET Switching Loss Formula

I'm trying to calculate the switching loss of the MOSFET which is used for a DC-DC Boost converter. Input Voltage : 9V-16V Output Voltage : 30V Output Current : 0.3A. Switching Freq : 455kHz Based on ...
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35 views

Buck converter high side switch GND

In Figure 1, I designed a synchronous buck converter using the IR2110S half bridge gate driver integration. However, when I look at the source-GND measurements of the high side MOSFETs in Figure 2, I ...
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Power distribution problem in multi-camera usb array

Problem Summary My MacBook Pro (development system) can successfully capture images from 24 cameras in the multi camera assembly we have assembled. But when our assembly is attached to a new Raspberry ...
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22 views

5v Signal to 24v Input for CNC Machine Probe

Background Info I have a CNC probe which acts just like a NC switch and opens when triggered, I am trying to modify a circuit for use with my CNC machine controller inputs which use a 24v signal to ...
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1answer
44 views

Power Supply stopped working after soldering

I am new to electronic circuits. I built a basic led circuit on a breadboard to test everything out.It worked as in pictures,but the connections were not stable because the holes were very large.I ...
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1answer
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Power adapter 13.5V vs 15V

I'm trying to troubleshoot a problem with my Creative Inspire T6100 speakers. They seem to be known for volume control issues. In any case, I'm trying to determine if the power adapter is working as ...
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How to get an old beer sign to work again?

Has anyone tried to upgrade an old beer / cigarette sign before? I'm a total electronics noob, and I got my hands on one of these old Coors signs that has a 45x7 LED display board. The board has what ...
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how to build a voltage sensor and current sensor circuit for BMS

where can i find documentation on how build a voltage sensing circuit. i have searched but i couldnt find any. any suggestion is welcomed. Thank you. I want the voltage sensor to sense the voltage ...
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Can I power a 35 Watt light fixture over a thermostat 5-wire?

I would like to add this light fixture to my ceiling in an area that only has a thermostat 5-wire coming out (something like this). (The other end of the thermostat wire travels about 15 feet, ending ...
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1answer
62 views

Generate a higher-than-power-supply voltage with capacitors

I want to design a circuit which is able to generate 8-10V from a power supply of 5V by chargin parallel caps and switch them to series connection (by using transistors) so they reach the desired ...
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2answers
44 views

How to Find the Thermal Resistance Junction to Ambient

I have this BUK9M12-60E MOSFET. I have calculated the maximum power dissipation of the MOSFET to be 14W (Conduction loss, Switching Loss and Gate Loss). I believe that I don't require any heatsink. I'...
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How much can I push the limits of a device's VDD?

On a PCB I'm designing, I'm using two chips with very similar voltage requirements. Among other voltages, one requires 1.2v, and the other requires 1.1v. in fact, looking at the datasheet, the ...
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1answer
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In an AC supply why does two single phase 110V wires connected to hot and neutral produces 220V

I have seen people connect 110V to the hot end and 110V to the neutral end of the socket to give a 220V to appliances like refrigerators. My understanding is that current flows, whenever there is a ...
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1answer
53 views

How is data transferred through wires? is it [5,0] volts (DC) or is it [1,-1] volts (AC)?

So basically I am learning about how data is transferred through wires for a networking course and I stumbled upon this Ben Eaters video on this topic and I got a bit confused because I know that ...
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1answer
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Are these 2 equations some of general formulas of infinitesimal length?

Given below. \$x\$ is a variable. \$r:=\text{resistance between the nodes A and B}\$ \$l:=\text{length of the resistor }r\$ \$\rho:=\text{resistance per unit length of }r\$ \$\frac{1}{\rho'}:=\text{...
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Voltage gain from the Amplifier input to the load

I don't understand where the solution for part C coming from. What I thought is also Vo/Vi. I found Vo as 303 mV and Vi as Vs*(10/10+100). However in solution it seems my thought is wrong. How should ...
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Making sparks using a voltage multiplier and a Marx generator

I have seen people making big sparks using a Marx generator. For the input to the Marx generator they use high voltage sources, sometimes using a flyback transformer. I don't have stuff to make a high ...
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1answer
64 views

Why there was no power to an electric cloth dryer? [closed]

The other day I stumbled on something very puzzling to me. I installed a 3 prong dryer cord on a previously working dryer and as I plugged it in the wall outlet the dryer would not turn on. I was ...
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1answer
47 views

Finding Ro while designing an amplifier

I didn't understand why we are subtracting load voltage from output open circuit voltage in part (c). What is the logic behind it?
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103 views

LED open and short detection

Can someone tell me on what how to detect a short circuit and LED open circuit for the below circuit? Is it possible to detect which LED? Could someone provide a circuit which would help to detect an ...
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44 views

Capacitor Lifetime

Can anyone some sample calculation on how to calculate the lifetime on an Aluminum Electrolytic capacitor who's Endurance value (Assumed as Lifetime value is 2000 hours at 105degC). The manufacturer ...
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0answers
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Do you get correct graph of transfer characteristics(CNTFET), if you take +ive Vds(constant) value instead of -ive. As mostly CNTFETs are p chnl FETs

I'm studying transfer characteristic curve of CNTFET to get value for mobility, S.S, etc. According to my basic background knowledge, NMOS curves lie in the 1st quadrant. While for PMOS they lie in ...
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1answer
72 views

BJT operation notes

Hello today we had a class in electronics and we discussed the BJT operation.Here are my notes: Suppose we have this circuit: simulate this circuit – Schematic created using CircuitLab Ie = (Vb-...

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