Questions tagged [water]

Involving or pertaining to liquid water (flow, storage, measurement, conductivity of, etc.)

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2answers
32 views

Connecting Three 12V DC Water pumps to the same power source

I am new to all this and I am sure this is a very basic question, but wanted to ask before I fry some pumps up. I have a relay, which is controlled by my raspberry pi, switching the pump on and off. ...
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2answers
127 views

Can you die when your plugged-in mobile phone falls in the bathtub? [closed]

I have questions related to the safety of using mobile devices in the bathtub. I always thought the danger in dropping it or getting water on it is mostly to the device, not to the person, but a ...
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3answers
75 views

Thoughts on storing electricity in water vapor [closed]

for an engineering class I had to create an electrical energy storage device and I began thinking about thunderstorms (I think it was a cloudy day) and how they create lighting. I know it's not ...
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1answer
46 views

Main water line TDS measurement grounding

I am trying to implement a TDS sensor to measure a main water line connected pipe, with circuitry that is powered from the wall. My TDS circuit is essentially a two electrode conductivity probe ...
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3answers
71 views

Water level sensor. How to read it?

I have a water level sensor in which by varying the level of the water, an inductance change his value in a mobile coil. The sensor have the internal simple schematic like this (i don't know the value ...
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1answer
60 views

How to detect electrical leakage in water tank?

I have a 50cm x 50cm x 80cm water tank and I am heating water with two 1500 watt water heater resistances. I think they are stainless steel or chrome plated but I am not sure about it, I can't contact ...
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1answer
43 views

Extension cord's power socket grounding pin soaked in cleaning agent sud, what is a proper way of cleaning?

I didn't really know what tags to use. Anyways, this might sound stupid, however I was cleaning up something above the extension cord which was laying on the ground, and while I pressed the wipe suds ...
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1answer
60 views

How can the dielectric constant of water be so high but water on electric devices can cause a short circuit? [closed]

Is it only the fact that pure water has a high dielectric constant and non-pure water i.e. the water that usually causes a short circuit is contaminated and it's the contamination mixture in the water ...
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1answer
184 views

Can WD40 be used to mitigate water damage on electronics?

I've heard the advice that WD40 is designed to repel water, and hence, it can supposedly be used to mitigate water damage in electronics. Such as for a device that was submerged, instead of simply ...
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1answer
77 views

Struggling to find a sensor to detect water depth that suits my purposes

I am new to finding sensors and not familiar with good resources to find what I need, so the answer may be simple. I have a small tank that I am controlling the water level in. However, the depth ...
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1answer
71 views

Water as a conductor and bubbles

I tried putting two extremities of a 6 volts battery into water. With salty water, bubbles appear close to the positive end. With unsalted water, what looks like a thin white foam starts to squirt ...
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2answers
74 views

Can I combine water turbine without power loss? [closed]

I have this small 12V water turbine generator. I connected one of these in a pipe running from a container on my roof to the ground. (height ~6m) and reached ~9V. If I buy 6 and put them one after ...
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1answer
139 views

Liquid / water level detection safely using AC voltage - Industrial circuit explanation

I am planning on working on a project to build a controller which will be used to detect the levels of water treatment chemical tanks and display them on a bar graph. then switch off the dosing pumps ...
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1answer
65 views

Refraction vs Reflection in Ultrasonic sensor for water level detection

I want to use ultrasonic module JSN-SR04 for detection of water level inside tank. The US module has single sensor for Transmission and Reception of US signals as shown below. I wonder if US sensor ...
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0answers
61 views

General Peltier (lack of) cooling - why?

The physics here are beyond simple. 1ml of water requires 4 watts of cooling to drop 1 degree C. Thus: 30ml x 4W x 33c = 3.96kW (IE cool 30ml by 33c needs 3.96kW of cooling) The TEC01-02015 spec ...
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2answers
574 views

What is the common name for this seal-in relay?

I'm trying to build a hysteresis water pump system with 2 water level switches. Please see the diagram and explanation of this setup I've taken off the web: The first switch (L) is set at the minimum ...
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3answers
441 views

12v nichrome wire water heater. Is it safe?

I want to heat the contents (water) of a two liter thermos flask using a low power (50-100 watt) 12 volt DC heater. Rather than buying a tiny little immersion heater, I've got some nichrome wire ...
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3answers
164 views

Sensor For Continuous Water Level Measurement

I am designing water level controller for water tank and want to show the water level in LED bar Graph I know how to transmit data to MCU and show level to LED bar graph but my problem is to find ...
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0answers
299 views

Water level sensor for a coffee machine boiler

I made a simple water level sensor with an Arduino. A digital pin supplies 5V to a probe in a coffee machine boiler. Boiler chassis is connected to AC ground (earth) and the ground to an analog IO ...
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1answer
112 views

Avoid fire on a battery-powered device [closed]

I was trying to repair a battery-powered electric razor when I suspect there was a short-circuit. The device started heating and it began smoking a bit so I took it and put it in a bowl full of water....
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1answer
72 views

Water sensing circuit?

I was learning about GFCI and wanted to know if there was any easy way to create a simple circuit to detect when there is water. What I would like to do is make a LED turn on if a component (whether ...
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2answers
362 views

Tank Water Level Indicator Wire

I am building a simple water level indicator (approx like the circuit below) for my tank. However, I am wondering about the wiring, for I suppose copper cables corrode in water and produce toxic ...
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1answer
82 views

Point Water Level sensor

The company I work for uses conductive point-level water sensors to determine water level in a small tank. The manufacturer of these sensors has proven to have very unreliable quality control and ~30% ...
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1answer
44 views

Non-Corrosive Water Sensing

I have been told that passing DC current through two probes in water will lead to corrosion on the terminals. Apparently AC does not cause corrosion. Preventing corrosion is of high importance to me....
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2answers
144 views

ESD problem on water tank?

We have a water level monitor attached to a water tank. The water monitor has an hydro-static (output 0-5V) water sensor that goes to the bottom of the the tank. (See figure) In most cases this works ...
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1answer
87 views

Doubts in providing power to an LED

I am making a project on water level indicator. I've completed the circuit like this: The circuit is closed through the water. The problem is even before switching on the circuit, and with terminals ...
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3answers
113 views

Is a 5V DC Voltage @ 30mA applied, applied to water, unsafe?

As my question states, I have 5V DC, with an input current of 30mA, being applied across two exposed metal electrodes which are inserted into water. I am trying to measure the conductivity of water ...
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3answers
450 views

Flooded LAN RJ-45 connector may damage connected router? [closed]

I had an accident in the house and one of the LAN (cat. 6) cables including RJ-45 connector has been flooded. This "flooded" cable, along with other (dry) ones, was connected into a working gigabit ...
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1answer
289 views

Capacitive fluid level sensor design and insulation

This is a question regarding the measurement of a fluid level (in my case water) using a capacitive sensor. Capacitive sensors are a common topic, but I have one specific question: It is necessary for ...
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1answer
69 views

Safety for 48v leds in water

I'm builing a 48v DC LED system to be used inside a fountain in a public space. I'm using a 48DC 30A switching power supply. What should I do to make it safe in case any conductor gets exposed to the ...
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3answers
2k views

Should I cool off in water the desoldered components?

I use a REGULAR (for home-use, not for electronics) hot air gun to desolder non-SMD components from PCBs. The components are really hot (naturally) after desoldering and it takes a while until they ...
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4answers
691 views

Will this water level indicator circuit work for my project?

I have only rudimentary knowledge of electronics so I ask for your forbearance. There are many water level indicator circuits, of the type shown below, listed online and demonstrated on YouTube. The ...
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1answer
727 views

Conformal Coating PC Parts?

I couldn't find any topics relating specifically to this sort of thing, and even tried asking folks over on Reddit at /r/buildapc, but I didn't get many responses or many people know if it would be ...
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2answers
138 views

Is it safe to apply a voltage to a cup of water, and then use the water in that cup as a voltage source for other electronics?

From research it appears that water level detection circuits, such as the one I have included below as a diagram, work on the principle that when the water is high enough to submerge both the +ve and -...
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1answer
113 views

Help me identify a component

I'm trying to identify a component which I'm not entirely sure what it is. Here's an image: The component I'm asking about is circled in red. The product is a reader + transmitter for water ...
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1answer
612 views

Hall Effect Flow sensor output characteristic [closed]

The cheap and convenient hall effect liquid flow sensors available for a few bucks online nearly all cite the device output as being a square pulse train whose frequency is a linear function of the ...
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1answer
41 views

Is there a Certification requirement for device using mains power in/around water

Is there a device certification requirement when using mains power (60hz / 120V) in/around water? I'd like to market a custom fish-tank with integrated lightbulb and pump. The lightbulb won't be ...
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1answer
65 views

Electronic urn pumps [closed]

How exactly do electronic auto dispensers/pumps, such as this one, work? What are the mechanics behind it? (I'd appreciate any information provided, even if it's a comment.)
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0answers
65 views

Need a simple buzzer/LED circuit for espresso machine [duplicate]

I have an espresso machine that I tore down, reassembled with fewer components then modified it to fit a specific setup -- kind of DIY project. The machine has an autofill circuit. After I removed ...
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1answer
1k views

Water level indicator with PNP transistor

I wanted to create a circuit that Lit's up an LED when water level rises to a certain level. I have created the following schematics following the https://www.electronicshub.org/water-level-alarm-...
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1answer
510 views

Sprinkler system - long wires or long pipes?

I am in the process of installing a sprinkler system using a commercial controller. There is quite an extensive area to be covered, and I am wondering whether, for the further-away sections, it would ...
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4answers
2k views

Prevent corrosion of circuit board fallen in water

I apologize in advance if this question is off the topics answered on this forum. Some hours back my drone fell into some dirty water. I was able to rescue the device, unplug its battery, open up its ...
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2answers
348 views

variable voltage divider using transistors

I found this schematic for a water level indicator: sensor schematic I would like to modify it some. Namely, instead of illuminating LEDs I would like to make it a variable resistor (aka make a ...
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1answer
169 views

Transimpedance amplifier circuit for water conductivity

I'm trying to understand the application of the water electrical conductivity measurement circuits based on transimpedance amplifier. Here the picture of general TIA configuration And here what I'm ...
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5answers
818 views

Measuring water level inside a drinking glass

Background: I am creating an automatic tea brewing machine using an Arduino and an electric water kettle from Amazon. My family and I drink lots of tea and we have many different sizes of glasses. I ...
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2answers
2k views

reducing temperature of drinking water from 10c to 5c in 90sec using Peltier module. I have no background in physics so please talk simply [closed]

Right straight up I have no background in physics. I need to cool drinking water 1000ml in 90 seconds. I would like to cool the water to approximately 5c +/- 1c. The temperature of the water before ...
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1answer
1k views

Buzzer is not working

I am extremely new to electronics and stuff, I was trying to design a water level indicator. In Proteus, all the LED indications are working perfectly, but for some reason my buzzer won't work.
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1answer
131 views

What would happen if water splashed on a 12v power supply when under load? [closed]

If I am running a 40A 12v power supply at approximately 32A, and a large quantity of water splashes onto it, what physical effects will occur in a worst case scenario. I'm sure I can expect short ...
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3answers
2k views

Solar watering system for greenhouse [closed]

I wish to build an automatic watering system for my greenhouse and I would like to get some advice on how to do it. Here is a sketch of the greenhouse system: What I have right now: Solar Panel (...
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2answers
230 views

Trigger for a water sensor

I want to build a water sensor that disconnects the motor when: 1. tank is full 2. water in input pipe is missing. I came up with the following schematics (haven't practiced much electronics in ...