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Questions tagged [waveform]

The shape of a value (usually voltage) when graphed over time.

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3answers
118 views

How to produce sawtooth waveform from square waveform?

I have a question pertaining the changing of square waveform to sawtooth waveform using OpAmp. Following the picture below, I have to create a sawtooth waveform from a square waveform. It seems that ...
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1answer
54 views

How does the output jump up to 7.5 volts when the switch is closed and opened again?

Sorry if the question might sound dumb. In this circuit, when the switch is closed the output voltage drops to zero and then rapidly charges back up to 5 volts. My question being, when the switch is ...
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2answers
92 views

Triangular waveform to square waveform circuit

I am working on a frequency counter project and I am in the midst of thinking about how to go about doing a triangular wave to square wave converter. I have done some research but couldn't find any ...
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1answer
92 views

What does a sine wave( 230V,50HZ ) look like? [closed]

I have a doubt regarding the sine wave. In my house, the voltage range is 230V, 50HZ. What does the actual sine wave look like(graphically?)
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0answers
32 views

Inverter Upgrade

I have 600VA, 12V Pure Sine Wave Inverter (Atleast under no load, its pure) having 8 IRF3205 Mosfets in total. (In full bridge configurtion) I have modified its shunt. Now it do not give overload ...
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1answer
45 views

Sine to sqare waveform but with variable peak-to-peak input

I need to calculate the speed of a little generator that produces a bipolar sinusoidal waveform with a peak to peak voltage value variable with the velocity. The produced signal also has a frequency ...
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0answers
14 views

Detailed information on how to model single phase and 3-phase inverters in Matlab simulink

I am undertaking a research in renewable Energy. Please,can you help me with detailed information of how the Simulink model for a single phase and 3-phase standalone inverter can be modelled and how ...
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3answers
108 views

Why is the output frequency of the zero crossing detector (square wave generator) double that of the input signal?

I have built a zero crossing detector that acts as a square wave generator according to the circuit diagram shown. It is connected to a potential transformer. The output from the potential ...
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1answer
167 views

4-Bit Adder Subtractor Quartus Prime Lite

I designed a 4-bit adder/subtractor circuit in Quartus Prime Lite. I am struggling with getting the correct output on the waveform. It is supposed to take the unsigned decimal numbers and add or ...
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3answers
133 views

crystal oscillator Application

(Note: I am aware that crystal and oscillators are two different things but a lot of people use them interchangeably so I am using it in the title.) My question is about Oscillators, all oscillator ...
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1answer
56 views

Why is the pulse reflection becoming like this in pulse?

I use mosfet to generate a pulse, input the pulse into the transmission line, and after the reflection, test the waveform as shown. Why did the third reflected waveform become like this? I calculated ...
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1answer
50 views

Rise and fall timings of a pulse generator

In a digital programmable or static device, does the rise and fall timings and waveforms of a square pulse obey the reimann sum when observed at much higher resolutions? If sampling rate of this ...
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2answers
145 views

Why the wave on a battery is neither square nor sine? [closed]

I’m measuring the electrical wave on a 1.5 V battery - why is the wave this particular shape? Isn’t it supposed to be sine or square? Thanks!
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1answer
45 views

Weak output from TXB0104 at 1.5MHz

I'm driving a TXB0104 translator from 3.3V logic on the B side, VccB is 3.3V, VccA is 2.5V, OE is on VccA. Both supplies are solid. It's on a breadboard. (https://www.sparkfun.com/products/11771). The ...
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2answers
113 views

Can Op-Amp (LM358) works as an integrator without dual mode power supply?

I am a noob with analog electronics, so pardon me for any mistakes. I recently started with Op-Amp and currently working on a project whereI am using Op-Amp in integrator mode to convert square wave ...
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1answer
150 views

Average Inductor Voltage equals Zero?

Okay I already read this post which answers the question mathematically here, at the end of the top answer the poster said: "Thus, the only way to keep current from going to infinity is the ...
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1answer
81 views

Why does this “square wave” have what seems to be a charging action on it's leading edge?

I'm trying to produce a basic square wave output across a resistor from an ATMega328P Xplained mini. VCC is 5 V. Setup: Code: (Stuff with DDC/PORTB is just to control the onboard LED) ...
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1answer
149 views

Need a circuit to convert 230V sine wave into 5V square wave

We have already obtained our result using transformer for our college project ,but can't find circuit to convert 230V sine wave into 5V square wave which is supplied to microcontroller. Edit: Our ...
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0answers
87 views

Rubidium standard mystery output?

I've been playing with a frequency counter (Racal 2202R) that has a built-in rubidium standard. It has two outputs, "Rb OUT 1" and "Rb OUT 2". I could not find any documentation at all, but the ...
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2answers
63 views

rf amplifier saturation when input chirp

I am trying to generate an 11 MHz pulsed chirp signal with center frequency of 4 GHz at a power level of +10 dBm. I have an arbitrary waveform generator that can generate the correct chirp signal, but ...
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1answer
61 views

adjustable trapezoidal waveform

I would like to buid a trapezoidal (waveform) with the following specs : rise time : 10ns VTop : 1V tTop: 40ns fall time: 15ns Linearity is important Frequency max : 10kHz Load is has a very high ...
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2answers
56 views

Where to apply manual delay in character LCD

I went to http://www.elm-chan.org/docs/lcd/hd44780_e.html in an attempt to find out how to make an LCD module work with the shortest timings. While the site does help with the initialization of the ...
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2answers
47 views

Graphical method for obtaining waveshape of current

I was doing exercises of the book Electrical Engineering Fundamentals by Vincent Del Toro. Then I saw this question. The voltage waveform shown in fig is applied separately to a pure capacitor of 1 F ...
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4answers
96 views

Is a motor-generator set a reasonable way to get the purest waveform electricity?

It looks like audiophiles go as far as installing separate powerlines to power their high quality audio systems. The motivation is that the amplifier and other hardware would run cleaner when the ...
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0answers
55 views

Test Equipment for generating large voltage spikes

I am trying to test a tachometer circuit which takes large voltage spikes from an inductive pick up and conditions them for TTL logic. I need input voltages in the order of 200V peak-to-peak but most ...
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2answers
63 views

Is a relay stressed by a partial activation of the trigger?

I'm using a relay like the one in the picture, controlled by an Arduino. I basically use it for turning mechanically on/off a circuit, when i have 0 as constant output from a series of values that ...
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2answers
77 views

RC Waveform output signal confusion

I've been struggling to understand how filter capacitors specifically low pass filters achieve their output signal waveform. If I take the example from https://www.electronics-tutorials.ws/rc/rc_3....
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2answers
149 views

In an audio circuit, with an LM386 chip - how does the DC electric power and the AC audio work?

I am currently putting together a simple audio amplifier using an LM386 chip. In the midst of studying how this chip works, and the proper circuit analysis behind it, I began thinking about how ...
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1answer
44 views

What is the exact value of voltage at T in square wave form?

at t=0s v=1V; T=5ms v=1,0,-1? which one? looking at graph.
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1answer
64 views

Mitigating unknown error in power analysis of ATMega328P microcontroller

Setup: Arduino Uno (ATMega328P Microcontroller) running inline assembly instructions using asm statements. Global interrupts disabled. Pin 13 (PORTB5), DDRB5 designated as output used for trigger ...
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0answers
33 views

SCPI - program signal generator to stack existing signals

I have a Keysight 33500B signal generator and I would like to remotely program arbitrary (ARB) waveforms that consist of existing signals in the device's library, ...
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2answers
1k views

Why does putting resistors between Vcc/SDA & Vcc/SCL in I2C result in a square wave?

I'm trying to understand why placing resistors between Vcc and the data/clock lines helps my waveform be square, when I'm communicating between Arduino and an EEPROM chip. If resistors are not placed ...
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3answers
773 views

Square wave to DC voltage with passive components

Good day, I have a design challenge that I have been thinking about. Is there a passive and inexpensive system that I can get a square wave (frequency not decided yet, but less than 8MHz) that will ...
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2answers
140 views

Current waveform electric motor

Does electric motor reactance at given speed is constant according to rotor position (angle)? For switched reluctance it is not. But for three phase induction motor? Considering there is no any noise....
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3answers
92 views

At what resistance can a real inductor act like an ideal inductor?

So it's my understanding that an ideal inductor with a constant voltage applied should have a constant ramp for the current through it (a triangle wave), but an inductor that's not ideal (with ...
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1answer
61 views

Duplicate IDs in VCD files

I peered into one of the VCD files that was generated when I ran a Verilog testbench using Cadence's ncverilog suite. There, I noticed many wires (belonging to different module scopes though) that had ...
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2answers
769 views

Voltage of inductor/transformer with a square wave input

I'm kind of having trouble thinking of what the response of an inductor to a square wave input would be, as well as the response of a transformer (I found this answer for a square wave input to a ...
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1answer
327 views

How to draw the JK flip flop waveform for Q

The task is to draw a signal for the Q output. I know that the x is the one and the only one of inputs, but I have no idea what to do if I have this AND gate. How this signal will looks like in this ...
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1answer
104 views

Question about RC square wave converters

I was trying to make a square wave to triangle or sine wave converter circuit, and it seemed to work, the problem is that I think there's a problem when you want to use it for something that requires ...
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0answers
39 views

Weird waveforms for a transmitter circuit

My book about digital logics ("Digital systems" of Ronald Tocci) provides a waveform which seems illogical to me about a transmitter circuit. This is the diagram of the circuit: The inputs for the ...
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2answers
809 views

Why IR remote waveform is a saw-tooth or am I measuring it wrong

The measurement circuit is as follows: simulate this circuit – Schematic created using CircuitLab The waveform looks like this in my measurement: Is this because I'm measuring it wrong and ...
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6answers
2k views

Why is signal on XTAL1 and XTAL2 a sine wave (not square)?

I have a basic implementation with a crystal feeding XTAL1 and XTAL2 on a processor (similar to below). When I look at the signal on XTAL1 and XTAL2 they are sine waves. Shouldn't they be square ...
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0answers
30 views

ALE and PSEN example waveforms - are highs and lows “flat enough”?

Sorry if this is a silly question. All of my waveforms (square, rectangle, pulse) exhibit the kind of behavior in the image where the highs and lows are not super-flat. Clock is 18MHz and these ...
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1answer
72 views

How can I modify this working circuit to reach 1V peak to peak voltage?

It's a 100 kHz sine wave generator. But I want to reach 1V peak to peak voltage.
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2answers
70 views

How do I modify this working circuit to work with a single 0 - 5 V rail?

I want to build a sine wave generator, but I have just +5 V and 0 V. I build the schematic in LTSpice. If I try with +5 V and -5 V it works very well, but when I try with +5 V and 0 V it doesn't works ...
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1answer
321 views

Measure current through a stepper motor coil [closed]

I have a TB6600 stepper motor driver and I wanted to measure and observe the current through a single phase (as shown on pg. 23 of the data sheet) of the connected stepper motor on an oscilloscope. ...
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1answer
81 views

How to produce this type of wave?

Can we use Virtuoso Cadence to produce this type of wave(c,first picture)?it is the wave that PZT produced My schematic and waveform of connecting high pass
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2answers
797 views

Why am I getting a half-wave rectified output when i am using a full-wave rectifier?

I have recently gotten back into electronics and have access to a lab with a signal generator and oscilloscope. I have been trying to teach myself how to use this equipment by building small and ...
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1answer
42 views

What would be the waveform of output of this circuit?

I want to know what would be the waveform of Voutput of the schematic below simulate this circuit – Schematic created using CircuitLab The Falstad Simulation I tried to solve it using circuit ...
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1answer
67 views

Why can the loading resistor and capacitor let the unloading waveform become from negative to positive voltage?

Fig(1) is part of schematic,and it generate a sine wave .Fig(2) shows two waveform which are with load and unload,i can understand that these two waveforms will be different because of loading,but why ...