A message from our CEO about the future of Stack Overflow and Stack Exchange. Read now.


A tag is a keyword or label that categorizes your question with other, similar questions. Using the right tags makes it easier for others to find and answer your question.

× 6626
Be sure to use the Arduino Stack Exchange for questions that are more Arduino and less electronics.
× 6585
A device which includes a central processing unit (CPU), memory, and (generally) an assortment of I/O peripherals (UART, ADC, DAC, general-purpose I/O, I2C, etc.) in a tightly-coupled standalone packa…
× 6030
An electronic device which supplies electrical energy to a load. Can be AC or DC input. Typically DC output.
× 5203
Voltage, otherwise known as electrical potential difference (denoted ∆V and measured in volts) is the difference in electric potential between two points (adapted from Wikipedia). Voltage can be const…
× 4882
Questions relating to the construction and applications of operational amplifiers,
× 4596
a primary concern for the design under discussion. Use the "low-power" tag when that applies.
× 4549
a semiconductor device that can amplify signals and switch power. Most used types are bipolar (BJT, for Bipolar Junction Transistor), UJT (Unijunction transistor) and MOSFET (FET, fo…
× 4377
a light-emitting diode. Lighting an LED is considered the "Hello world" of a circuit design, and it can be as simple as putting a series resistor or can get more complicated, involving PWM a…
× 4039
a device consisting of one or more electrochemical cells that convert stored chemical energy into electrical energy
× 3950
A fundamental electronic component that stores energy in an electric field, commonly used in filtering applications.
× 3913
An transconductance (using voltage to control current) electronic component used for switching and amplification. Acronym for Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor Field-Effect Transistor. (from http://en.wikiped…
× 3659
the process of finding the voltages across, and the currents through, every component in the network.
× 3637
the acronym to Printed Circuit Board. A PCB is a carrier for the circuit's components and their electrical connections.
× 3543
Flow of electric charge - typically movement of charge carriers, such as electrons. Measured in amperes (A).
× 3148
adapt the range of the signal to a requirement, to make it more robust for transmission, or to satisfy interface requirement (like input/output impedance)
× 3084
Digital electronics treats discrete signals, unlike analog electronics that treat continuous signals. Digital logic is used to perform arithmetic operations with electric signals, and constitutes the …
× 2894
A resistor obeys Ohm's law (V=IR); the current through it is equal to the voltage across it divided by the resistance (equivalently \$I=\frac{V}{R}\$)
× 2482
Short for Radio-Frequency. Frequencies at which radiation (intentional or not) plays a role. Typically associated with wireless communications, but also relevant for high-speed PCB design.
× 2402
a brand of 8, 16, and 32 bit RISC microcontrollers manufactured by Microchip. "PIC" originally was an acronym for "Peripheral Interface Controller".
× 2366
An electrical actuator that converts electrical energy into rotational motion or sustained linear motion (linear motor). There are many types of electric motors. If the specific type of motor is known…
× 2360
Universal Serial Bus. If your question relates to a specific chip, please mention it in your question.
× 2333
About designing the boards which carry the components of an electronic circuit. For questions about getting them built instead use PCB-fabrication. If your question is specific to a certain CAD tool, …
× 2279
Devices to interrupt or route a signal or power one of several ways.
× 2275
an analog circuit that produces a stable output voltage that doesn't vary with input voltage or load changes. Switching regulators are much more efficient than linear ones.
× 2268
semiconductor components made from a P-type and N-type silicon material, that allows current to only flow in one direction.
× 2267
Sensors convert a physical quantity (e.g. temperature, pressure) into an electrical signal.
× 2234
A transformer couples two or more AC signals through a magnetic field. Often used as galvanic isolation and to transform one AC voltage to another.
× 2225
Questions about designing electronics for measuring, processing, and amplifying audio signals.
× 2185
refers to alternating current mains power. It usually applies to voltages with >100V RMS, but can also be used for ex. 24V industrial AC power.
× 2144
a logic chip that is configured by the customer after manufacturing—hence "field-programmable".
× 2110
Analog circuits have a range of voltages, rather than just two as in digital logic.
× 2042
an electrically controlled switch. Electromechanical relays use an electromagnet to activate mechanical contacts, solid-state relays use semiconductor switches.
× 1975
an electronic circuit built onto a single plate of a semiconductor material, normally silicon. Modern ICs may contain billions of transistors and they have played a major…
× 1948
an Analog to Digital Converter. This device converts analog signals into digital form. It is mainly used by the digital circuitry to take analog measurements.
× 1921
Please specify the battery type in your question. Include chemistry (e.g. lead-acid), voltage, number of cells and how they are connected (series or parallel), capacity (in A·h or W·h).
× 1918
DC stands for Direct Current, which means the flow of electric charge in a single direction. Examples of a DC source are batteries, solar panels, dynamos.