# Tag Info

## Hot answers tagged bode-plot

Accepted

### What does a Bode plot represent and what is a pole and zero of a Bode plot?

Bode plot Take a typical 2nd order low pass filter amplitude response bode plot: - 3-D picture introducing pole-zero diagram Here's the bigger picture of that response when combined with a pole ...
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### Gain margin and Phase Margin Physical Meaning

Gain and phase margin are usually applied to systems that are amplifiers of some sort with negative feedback around them. The more negative feedback, the tighter the system is controlled. However, ...
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### Why are decibels used for Bode plots?

Bode plots show gain and phase. Gain is measured in V/V, A/A, or W/W, and is thus dimensionless. Decibels are ratios, like percentages or parts per million. The question, then, is why we sometimes use ...
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### Why are decibels used for Bode plots?

A first order filter has a roll-off of 20dB per decade. That is, every time the frequency increases/decreases (for high/low pass filter) by a factor of 10, the signal power drops by a factor of 100. ...
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### What are some insights from looking at Bode plots

The bode plot is a representation of the bigger picture. That bigger picture is the pole zero diagram: - The top three images (all bode plots) give you different examples of a 2nd order low pass ...
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### Why is frequency not measured in db in bode's plot?

Frequency is not a measure of signal amplitude or power hence, talking about "this or that" frequency in decibels makes no sense. If somebody says "increase the frequency by 3 dB"; ...
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### Why is frequency not measured in db in bode's plot?

We could start using dBHz and see how it feels. My guess is it won't make life any simpler or help understanding. NOTE however : logarithmic frequency scale is already in use, and has been for a while ...
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### How can a Bode plot be like that?

How do I get the slope and intersection point? Start with a very simple example: - $$H(s) = \dfrac{1}{s}$$ When $s = 1$, the amplitude of the transfer function is clearly 1. When $s = 0.1$, the ...
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### What does actually the "unravel branch wrap" option do to the phase plot in LTspice?

It adds or subtracts multiples of $2\pi$ (360 degrees) to each point in the phase plot so that the phase is plotted continuously rather than having jumps in it. We know that physically the phase ...
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### Is -3dB bandwidth defined for any type of transfer function?

Is -3dB bandwidth defined for any type of transfer function? Maybe you do not realize what -3dB actually means? -3 dB means that the amplitude of the voltage (current as well) has dropped by a factor ...
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### What are some insights from looking at Bode plots

One of the main innovations Bode proposed with Bode Stability plots was how the plot asymptotes behave for stable systems. A knowledge of these rules allows compensation just by manipulating the ...
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### Why a low-pass filter applied to a square wave gives a weird wave?

There are many types of low pass filter. The one that gives your 'weird waveform' is the simplest 1st order RC filter. This passes the fundamental signal. However, it not only passes all the higher ...
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### Problem with Bode diagram in LTspice

The AC analysis is a linearized analysis. That means it simulates the small-signal behavior of each element at its operating point. In the case of the switch, that means it is held in either the on or ...
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### Low Pass Filter Wrong Pole Location

It's just a conversion from radians to degrees. The expression for a capacitor's impedance uses units of radians/sec. for frequency. The simulator is reporting frequencies in Hertz. 10 rad/sec is 1....
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### Low Pass Filter Wrong Pole Location

Complex Number Diversion Complex numbers have both a Cartesian notation as well as two equivalent polar notations. The Cartesian notation, $a+b\:i$, is very hard to use in electronics but it is very ...
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### Are phase angles in filter transfer functions primarily for stability?

Different applications are sensitive to phase variation with frequency for different reasons. It can impact stability margin if the filter is in a closed-loop system. The total error between a source ...
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How is it possible to make transfer function to become zero or infinity. You will only get zeros and poles in the bode plot if those zeros and poles lie on the $j\omega$ axis. The bode plot is ...