When a mechanical switch closes it's contacts typically do not close "cleanly" and tend to bounce or chatter. This rapidly switching signal could be misread in certain situations so it is usual to attempt to reduce this bouncing to ensure a clean switch detection. the danger is that if the switch is not de-bounced you can detect multiple events from one opening or closing. Can be accomplished using analog circuits or digital circuits.

Further reading

Debouncing contacts and switches in embedded systems

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