Drawing One-sided Magnitude Spectrum of Transmitted Signal in dBW

Question

The voltage waveform measured at the 50ohm antenna terminal of a 11750-kHz AM (DSB-LC) short-wave broadcasting transmitter is shown in Fig. Q3.

How to draw the one-sided magnitude spectrum of the transmitted signal in dBW?

My Work

Now we know that $f_c = 11759*10^3$Hz and $f_m = \frac{1}{T} = \frac{1}{0.0025} = 400$Hz.

For Signal,

$V_{m(rms)}=400/\sqrt{2}=200\sqrt{2}$V

$P_m=V^2/R=(200\sqrt{2})^2/50=1600$W

$P_{m(dBW)}=10\log(1600)=32.04$dBW

For Carrier,

$V_{c(rms)}=1000/\sqrt{2}=500\sqrt{2}$V

$P_m=V^2/R=(1000\sqrt{2})^2/50=10000$W

$P_{c(dBW)}=10\log(10000)=40$dBW

a. I wonder that : The modulation index should be only 0.4. The ratio $V_{c(rms)}$ over $P_{c(dBW)}$ is too high. My calculation should be wrong?

b. The term "One-sided Magnitude Spectrum" means that I only have to draw either USB or LSB?

Think about it, your either drawing something in the frequency domain or the time domain. You have time time domain, how do you get to the frequency domain? The answer is: the Fourier transform.

A carrier has one frequency, a side band has frequency in two places. Since these are symmetrical around the carrier sometimes its advantageous to see only one side.

Since you have not described if you signal is sampled or not it will make a difference on how it is plotted. However, either way a sine wave is just a dirac delta function after you take the Fourier transform

So if you graphed the total power, you would have the amplitude of the carrier with the two side bands x distance away from the carrier with the amplitude of the sine wave being the height of the dirac funuctions of the side bands.

Note1

Note2

Laptop is correct. The Fourier transform of the carrier (which will be a Dirac for a cosine carrier) will appear at the carrier frequency, and the modulating signal (which also appears to be a cosine) spectra will appear above and below the carrier. These message signals will be a distance equal to the message frequency away from the carrier in the center. This is true for a large carrier modulation scheme of phi(t)_am = (A_c + m(t)) cos(w_c*t).