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First post, be easy on the newbie. I'm trying to throw together a simple precision voltage reference based on the 5v LT1236. Seems to me the chip effectively has 4 pins, input, output, GND, and trim. I assume I don't connect the other pins at all. Can I leave the trim pin disconnected if I want a straight 5v reference? Probably not that simple...do I need filtering capacitors? How to I decide what size? I like to think I'm familiar with a decent portion of electrical theory, but explaining to me like I'm an elementary schooler couldn't hurt..

Sorry for so many questions, I figure all those questions could be answered in a quickie by almost anyone haha.


Should have started with a more common chip. I looked at the LM4040 datasheet, which made me realize I didn't understand the regulator was basically a zener diode. (And I didn't know enough about zener diodes) Previously I had not questioned how the IC actually operates. (Which would have made this whole thing easier)

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    \$\begingroup\$ What does the data sheet say? \$\endgroup\$
    – winny
    Jul 16 '16 at 8:33
  • \$\begingroup\$ It has an applications information section. And it talks about pin impedance on the trim pin and then something about source impedance. I don't really understand, this is purely a DC circuit. I do know it wants me to put a pot on there. But how would I know that its at 5.000v? \$\endgroup\$
    – Aaron
    Jul 16 '16 at 8:36
  • \$\begingroup\$ Datasheet link in the question if you have time :) maybe I underestimated the effort required to help my lost soul \$\endgroup\$
    – Aaron
    Jul 16 '16 at 8:37
  • \$\begingroup\$ Which version are you using? \$\endgroup\$
    – winny
    Jul 16 '16 at 9:25
  • \$\begingroup\$ Aaron: it is a common issue to find that references are considered 'purely DC' but that simply is not so. As they must respond to variations in load and supply, they have ac (or transient) characteristics (and the LT1236 can be unstable at low loads). \$\endgroup\$ Jul 16 '16 at 13:58
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Since this is your first encounter with a voltage reference, Ill keep this simple.

Connect the IN terminal to a voltage source of 6 volts or greater, but no greater than 40 volts. A common 9 volt rectangular "transistor radio" battery would be fine. Connect IN (Pin 2) to the plus terminal of the battery and GND (pin 4) to the minus terminal. Leave the TRIM input (Pin5) unconnected. With this simple set-up you should measure 5.00 volts on the output. (Connect the black lead of your meter to the negative terminal of the battery or Pin 4 of the IC.

In general, it's a good idea to add capacitors to the input and output of voltage references. The size of the capacitor you would use varies from IC to IC. Most voltage reference data sheets will usually offer specific recommendations or at least guidance on this issue. In the case of the LT1236 you will find this guidance on Page 7 of the data sheet under the heading "Capacitive Loading and Transient Response". Here we are told to connect a capacitor to the output of no more than 1,000 pf. Or, an RC filter consisting of a small value resistor ("several Ohms") and a 10 MFD capacitor. In your case I wouldn't bother with either.

The addition of a trim pot would be nice, but if you don't have a calibrated voltmeter with which to check the trimmed output of the LT1236, there's little point to include one. The part's specified 0.05% accuracy will produce a maximum error of 2.5 millivolts, so you won't be too far off as far as practical voltage references go.

Just keep an eye on the supply voltage to make sure it is above 6 volts (e.g. as the battery wears down). If it is, you can pretty much bet the output will be darn close to 5.000000000000000 volts.

As a newbie check your wiring and battery polarity carefully before powering up the circuit. There is no such thing as a circuit too simple to blow up! The old carpenter's rule about "measure twice, cut once" applies analogously to electronics in terms of proper hook-up of parts. I like to say" "think thrice, measure twice, cut once".

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