Here is an interesting article about mixing stereo. Most important issues when mixing stereo are :
- interaction between channel
Interaction between channel is explained here in 1.0 with passive mixing, from that :
It would be possible to make the output impedance of all equipment much higher, so direct mixing would not cause any circuit stress. The problem would then be that we are back to the position we had when valve gear ruled ... high impedance causes relatively high noise and high frequency rolloff with long cables. Cables can also become microphonic, and this is why so many pieces of valve kit used output transformers - to provide a low impedance (optionally balanced) output to prevent the very problems described. Low output impedance is here to stay, as are mixers, so now we can examine the methods in more detail.
But for crosstalk, in the mixing passive circuit, how do we calculate it? We can find different methods to measure it. but for simple mixing circuits I did not found any documents describing how it be computed.
We can find an example in here :
The problem arising from using all three outputs (the two original and the new summed output) is one of channel separation, or crosstalk. If the driving unit truly has zero output impedance, than channel separation is not degraded by using this summing box. However, when dealing with real-world units you deal with finite output impedances (ranging from a low of 47 ohms to a high of 600 ohms). Even a low output impedance of 47 ohms produces a startling channel separation spec of only 27 dB, i.e., the unwanted channel is only 27 dB below the desired signal. (Technical details: the unwanted channel, driving through the summing network, looks like 1011.3 ohms driving the 47 ohms output impedance of the desired channel, producing 27 dB of crosstalk.)
Some technical details are given, but it's not clear to me. Can someone give detailed steps to compute crosstalk for this example? A simulation example could also helps.