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Yesterday I decided to look at the waveform of my portable power inverter. The inverter specs are the following:

  • Input: 12 V DC
  • Output: 230 V RMS
  • Rated power: 300 W

I powered my inverter from a bench power supply at 12 V (powered from a mains power outlet) and set the current limiter to 2 A. The inverter was then loaded with a series of 2 resistors of 1 Mega ohm each (rated at 1.5 W).

At first, I measured the output voltage by connecting the probe of the oscilloscope to the second resistor (therefore measuring half of the inverter output). Then I connected the probe in parallel to the series of resistors.

My oscilloscope is a Rigol DS1054Z. From the datasheet, I read

Maximum Input Voltage (1 MΩ) for analog channel: CAT I 300 Vrms, CAT II 100 Vrms.

According to my understanding of CAT ratings, the system I was probing should be CAT I so the measurement setup is appropriate. Is my reasoning correct? Furthermore, I'd like to understand if I may have damaged the oscilloscope somehow, maybe because of startup/poweroff transients from the inverter.

The probes I used were those shipped with the oscilloscope. I think I was using the x10.

enter image description here

EDIT: I added the waveform of one of the measurements I did

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Damage doubtful. Your 10x probe divides the voltage down to 23V at the scope input. The waveform looks typical for a cheap inverter (modified sine wave).

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