The usual method is to use the comparator with a triangle clock generator with the linear error converted to PWM (pulse width modulation) to control the buck regulator. I show my example below as a simplified version of this IC. (not optimized)
Here a simple Schmitt astable clock can be integrated by some RC inside to create a fairly linear triangle at the right amplitude. (<~1/3) but must exceed the range of the linear error. It will not be implemented as shown here but with discrete transistors.