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I would like to turn the car fan into a variable-speed fan using a the analog temperature sensor of the car, and a 555 timer.

While temperature decreases, resistance (of the sensor) increases. Can I use this information in a ratio R1/R2 (below) to change the pulse width of the 555 timer, and by that changing the speed of the fan? Can this be done?

  • R1: the resistance of the sensor
  • R2: determined resistance
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    \$\begingroup\$ Yes. electronics.stackexchange.com/questions/91102/… \$\endgroup\$ – Jack Creasey Oct 22 '17 at 16:06
  • \$\begingroup\$ This is unlikely to work as you propose. When you slow the fan the air will pass more slowly over the heater coil and will come out hotter. When you speed it up the temperature will be cooler but there will be more of it. You need to control the temperature of the heating coil instead and this probably means motorising the valve. \$\endgroup\$ – Transistor Oct 22 '17 at 17:11
  • \$\begingroup\$ What heater coil do you mean ? The fan is mounted on the car, it's main objective is to cool the radiator of the engine, news cars are mounted with this system, old cars are not, it's just an idea or an application I'd love to do, i hope that we are on the same page(idea) \$\endgroup\$ – sufyan Oct 23 '17 at 9:01
  • \$\begingroup\$ You should have said which fan you are talking about. @Transistor thought you were talking about the passenger compartment heating fan rather than the cooling fan. \$\endgroup\$ – HandyHowie Nov 14 '17 at 8:23
  • \$\begingroup\$ Handy's interpretation of my comment is correct. \$\endgroup\$ – Transistor Nov 15 '17 at 21:40
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The short answer is: no. There is no way to make an increase in the resistance of the top (R1) resistor in the discharge/trigger divider result in a decrease in duty cycle on the 555's output pin, or vice versa.

Why is it so important to have the sensor take the place of R1? If you simply use it as R2, then duty cycle will increase as R2/the sensor's resistance decreases, and it will decrease as the sensor's resistance increases.

Assuming you're using the standard 555 Astable PWM circuit that makes use of two diodes to permit duty cycles lower than 50%, you can figure out what resistance you need knowing that the duty is \$D=\frac{R1}{R1+R2}\$.

If you absolutely must use the temperature sensor as R1, then your only other option is to invert the output of the 555's output pin. This will effectively turn the duty cycle from % of time spent on to % of time spent off. You could achieve this fairly simply by making the output pin drive a P-channel MOSFET, with the gate connected to the 555's output pin (and you probably want a pull-up resistor from the gate to 12V as well), connect the FET's source to 12V, and connect the positive input of the fan to the drain of the FET. The P-channel FET will be off when there is 12V at the gate, and will only turn on when the 555's output is low and pulls the gate down. Conveniently, 12V on the gate is pretty much ideal to fully turn on any MOSFET, so no worries there.

Something like this, which would have a PWM frequency of ~1.2kHz or so: enter image description here

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