I'hv seen every 2 pin SMPS AC to DC adapters shows a little high voltage respective to the ground on the out put, on both + and GND wires(or more if more wires present).
This voltage is high enough to light small neon bulbs or a line tester, but very low current, barely could be felt. This voltage vanishes if I connect the output to ground somehow, e.g. touch it while standing on floor bare foot.
As the size of the adapter increases, the AC voltage and current increases. When laptop adapters are powered from a ungrounded AC outlet, they gives reasonable shock from the 19V DC(or whatever else) output.
Perhaps this is the reason why many 3 pronged laptop adapter carries a warning CONNECT ONLY TO GROUNDED OUTLET Connecting to a grounded outlet magically vanishes the high voltage.
I am aware about the EMI filtering capacitor connected between high voltage and low voltage ground, I tried to solve this by removing them, but this trick is not working.
- Why and how this mysterious AC voltage is created ?
- Is it harmful to sensitive electronics components ?
- Is there any way to solve this without grounding the DC output side ?