# Bode plot: meaning of phase shift

I don't really understand what the phase shift in a bode plot means. Is it the shift of the output compared to the input signal? And how can I intuitively interpret the meaning of the second diagram in this bode plot? I don't really understand why the shift goes to zero as the angular velocity (omega) goes to infinity (and why the amplification goes to zero as omega goes to infinity). What's there relationship?

This is the bode diagram I'm talking about:  This bode plot corresponds to this circuit: I used these values for the plot: Rl = 100, C = 10^(-6) and L = 0.1

• The capacitor is an open circuit at DC and a short circuit at infinite frequency. The inductor has the opposite characteristic. Hence, e.g., a high frequency sine wave passes directly through the capacitor without modification, and finds itself across the resistor (the inductor is open-circuit, hence can be considered disconnected). Similar analysis at DC, with roles reversed. The amplification does not go to zero at infinite frequency, but to $10^{0}=1$ – Chu Nov 4 '16 at 14:37
• Try it without the inductor and see if you understand it then. – George Herold Nov 4 '16 at 14:47
• I understand indeed! I had some problems with the combination of the capacitor and the inductor, but by using the information that a capacitor doesn't modify the signal for high frequencies I understand now. Thanks :) – Pieter Verschaffelt Nov 4 '16 at 14:52
• for giggles $\pi$ vector plots and resonant switch option in slow motion ~1% goo.gl/Hk1HWo in java sim – Tony Stewart Sunnyskyguy EE75 Nov 4 '16 at 16:58
• a much more interesting result occurs with peaking using high Q=R/Zc(f) ratio at resonant freq or break point of filter where amplification gain (versterkings factor) =Q for eg 10 Kohm – Tony Stewart Sunnyskyguy EE75 Nov 4 '16 at 17:53

Is it the shift of the output compared to the input signal?

It depends what you're making a Bode plot of.

If you're plotting a transfer function $V_{out}/V_{in}$, then yes, it will be the shift of the output compared to the input.

If you're plotting an impedance $V_{in}/I_{in}$ then it's the phase shift of the voltage compared to the current.

I don't really understand why the shift goes to zero as the angular velocity (omega) goes to infinity

Because in the limit, the capacitor becomes a short circuit and the inductor becomes an open. So the equivalent circuit is just connecting the input directly across the load resistance.

and why the amplification goes to zero as omega goes to infinity

Same reason. The equivalent circuit in the high frequency limit is just applying the input directly across the output. 0 dB gain is equivalent to linear gain of 1.

• there is $\pi$ phase shift with 2 reactive parts due to $\pi/2$ per part – Tony Stewart Sunnyskyguy EE75 Nov 4 '16 at 16:56
• @TonyStewart.EEsince'75, there's $\pi$ phase shift between the low frequency response and the high frequency response, but the phase shift at high frequencies goes to 0. – The Photon Nov 4 '16 at 17:40
• exactly , just thought it could be included in your asnswer – Tony Stewart Sunnyskyguy EE75 Nov 4 '16 at 17:47