I have a simple printed circuit board with simple circuit on it. Very beginner. No SMD.
As a part of this circuit I have transistor BC557.
If I don't solder the base pin of this transistor and test the circuit then transistor is closed (as expected) but when I solder it to a path on the board that has nothing else soldered to it (there were two resistors but I desoldered them) then the transistor is magically open now.
Transistor operates on voltages around 16V (on emitter) and on very small currents. The only load between collector and the mass are in parralel: 100k resistor and MOSFET gate-source.
Can printed circuit board be leaky in a way? Somehow allowing some current to flow from the base that's not connected to any other component?
Adding 1uF capacitor between base path and emitter path on PCB doesn't seem to help.
I noticed that if base is left unsoldered and I touch it with a screwdriver I'm touching with a finger then the transistor opens sometimes, even if I don't touch anything else in the circuit at the same time.
Can I somehow make it less sensitive?
This behavior didn't occur when I had same circuit powered by the same battery and tested with the same load but on breadboard.
The circuit I'm trying to build is that one: http://serwis.avt.pl/manuals/AVT746.pdf
And it worked on lower voltages (less than 9V).
I tried putting 100k resistor between emitter and +16V but it doesn't seem to help either, transistor still is open when base is soldered to unconnected path (but it caused MOSFET to overheat, even though the sorce-drain current is just 2A).
I also swapped the transistor for another one (same) to rule out damaged element.
BTW This circuit cuts the battery power to the receiver on the right after a delay roughly controlled by C2. It turns it back on after pressing the switch. Cool thing about this one is that it can turn on an off large currents (in theory up to 30A) and work with voltages from 6 to 16V.
I replaced switch with transoptor (+480 Ohm resistor in series) so I can control this circuit with another one.