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can you help me identify these components?

I know this is a normal diode: normal diode

But what is this: (labelled DW1 on the board - is it a zener?) gray black diode

And this? (labelled V6 on the board - zeners also look like this) Glass diode

UPDATE

Came out of a chicago electric flux wire welder. Feed motor control board. Made in china most likely as it is a harbor freight product. Not known to have any issues.

Pictures of the board front and back below, annotated.

Brown wires - power

Green wires - torch switch

Red/Black wires - motor

Front

Back

M - motor

P - power

SW - switch

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  • \$\begingroup\$ What's the marking on DW1? \$\endgroup\$ – winny Apr 24 '17 at 18:49
  • \$\begingroup\$ more context might be helpful – though it's very nice to see these components in isolation, a kind of an "environment" for DW1 might help classifying it. \$\endgroup\$ – Marcus Müller Apr 24 '17 at 18:59
  • \$\begingroup\$ what purpose does this board serve? That might give interesting hints! \$\endgroup\$ – Marcus Müller Apr 24 '17 at 19:00
  • \$\begingroup\$ Get out your meter and put it in diode mode and find the voltage. \$\endgroup\$ – laptop2d Apr 24 '17 at 19:03
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    \$\begingroup\$ Just out of curiosity, where did the board come from? I mean what nationality. That can change the naming conventions a lot. \$\endgroup\$ – Trevor_G Apr 24 '17 at 19:42
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V6 diode

This is just a glass housing. It's (was, in pre-SMD times) pretty common for diodes. The fact that it's labeled "V" is a bit confusing.

I've got three possible explanation:

  • Varicap: a diode used in non-conducting bias. The bias voltage determines the capacity of the isolating zone in the diode
  • Voltage Reference: A Zener used as voltage reference

personally, I tend towards the second. But: with more info on the purpose, we might say more.

But @Trevor made an important point: older techs tend to misname "diodes" with "varistor". My guess is that this is what happened here, since all your diodes are labeled V. So, V6 is some small-signal diode in a glass package. That's all we can possibly say about it. There's thousands of different diode types that were sold in glass packages.

Even the one three-pinned device V2 and V5 are labeled V – although every bet would be they're transistors. I'm frankly beginning to think the names on your board don't actually correlate with the type of component...

DW1 DW1

The marking on the board indicate it's a polarized component. The D might be a good indication it's also a diode.

Given there's a weak correlation between device type and letter used, it's probably just some specific diode. Again, without your own measurements, we can't guess much.

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  • \$\begingroup\$ Varistor is also a commonly used, or rather misused term for a diode too. \$\endgroup\$ – Trevor_G Apr 24 '17 at 19:28
  • \$\begingroup\$ @Trevor yeah, but I know varistors only as devices in packages that look like they can get rid of a lot more excess heat than this glass packages \$\endgroup\$ – Marcus Müller Apr 24 '17 at 19:38
  • \$\begingroup\$ agreed, hence the "misused" statement. I have heard a lot of older technicians call standard diodes varistors over the years though. \$\endgroup\$ – Trevor_G Apr 24 '17 at 19:40
  • \$\begingroup\$ @Trevor oh, I didn't know that misnomer! Learn something new every day :) \$\endgroup\$ – Marcus Müller Apr 24 '17 at 19:47
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    \$\begingroup\$ @winny what exactly are V2 and V5, if not transistors? I think the naming is total bonkers. \$\endgroup\$ – Marcus Müller Apr 24 '17 at 20:11

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