In the image above, we see a PSC motor, with its 3 terminals, connected to a control board. This board has a RUN capacitor always connected to the motor. When the motor has to turn, the board applies 230V AC between the COMMON line and either the FORWARD or REVERSE line. The relevant winding is powered directly, and the other winding gets powered via the RUN capacitor, with about 90 degrees delay. This makes the motor run in one of the two direction.
What I want to do is to connect, in parallel to the first, a second capacitor in order to boost the torque (when the motor is starting). After a little time the motor is started, this added capacitor should be disconnected.
I would like to use a TRIAC instead of a relay. Can anyone point me to choose the correct device, and give any warning I may need? I've already tried, but the TRIAC fails in short-circuit without heating or other signs (the real schematic is not simple as the one above, but the concept is exactly that).
The motor is about 1kW, @230V; the capacitors should be about 25 uF each. The current is about 1A continuous but it can rise to 4A when the motor starts or when the load gets heavy (I'm using a workbench brake for testing).
The Triac goes short-circuit, but the MOC keeps to work. The capacitors, which are normally used and considered reliable, are rated 470V. My triac is an ST, snubberless, rated 1200V and 16A (continuous). There is something I don't grasp...