# Questions tagged [closed-loop]

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### Phase margin is 90 degrees but transient step response shows overshoot

The bode plot of the loop is as shown here The transient step response looks like this The block diagram looks something like this - Basically a single stage opamp(OPAMP in fig) with high gain(...
63 views

### To prove that Close Loop transfer function is sensitive to perturbation in H(s) but not to perturbations in G(s)

The feedback control system with high gain K is shown in figure
90 views

### how to display an output variable from a speed sensor to a 7 segment display in C. DSPIC33E

I have just started an electrical engineering degree and been set an assignment to create a closed loop motor speed control system in C programming language. The PIC is a DSPIC33E (BLO032) and the ...
120 views

### Proportional Control Balance Beam

Bit of an unorthodox question I'm sure, but I'm making a balance beam (two rotors on either end of a see saw) with proportional control, and I can't seem to get it to balance at 0. The proportional ...
64 views

### What is the difference between 'x' and 'plus' symbol in the block diagram

Generally speaking, what is the difference between the 'x' and the 'plus' symbol in a closed loop block diagram? For example, in (https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/6983570) , what's the ...
116 views

### SG3525 Closed Loop Inverter Waveform Problem

I'm using a sg3525 ic on a full bridge dc-dc converter in closed loop. The system is working fine, I don't have a problem with it. Output is just like what I want. The problem is inverter part's ...
48 views

### Steady State Error to Ramp Input Using Derivative of Complementary Sensitivity

I know that to find the steady state error to a ramp input, we can use the final value theorem. However, I was reading up on the Internal Model Control and the article uses a different form of steady ...
105 views

### Sample time of PI controller

I have designed a closed loop current control (PI controller) of a DC-DC converter in continuous time domain and it is working fine. The next task is discreetization of the controller and implement it ...
57 views

### Where does the negative sign come from in this transfer function?

I have a transfer function that was given to me. It's been a really long time since I've done block diagram math, so sorry if this is a newbie question. Based on the block diagram below (I forgot to ...
181 views

### Implementing PID in PWM feedback to lower the settling time

I have created the following simple PWM feedback: The step response is: I have tried to add PID controller and I ran the following code to test it: ...
84 views

### Why doesn't current flow in the other loop?

I am just now learning about how transistors work, so please let me know if I have a misunderstanding. I ran a simulation of the circuit drawn below, and the results were that current flowed only in ...
77 views

### Closed current loop control without H-Bridge, PWM

I am trying to find a way how to control the Voice Coil Motor (VCM) or PMSM motor with a closed current loop without the use of an H-Bridge & PWM. Does anyone know how to make an analog closed ...
199 views

### Cannot predict closed-loop gain of this amplifier

This is the circuit I am currently analyzing: (link to LTSpice file) I am trying to predict each stage closed loop gain and overall gain (with all loops closed). First thing I did is calculate DC ...
80 views

### Find optimal gains transfer function

I have the following closed loop transfer function: $$G(s) = \frac{K(s^2 + 200^2)}{0.05s^3 + (1+K)s^2 + 200{K_v}s + 200K}$$ Where $K$ and $K_v$ are gains. My goal is to find the optimal gains ...